Canonization of Pope John XXIII and Pope John Paul II

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Pope Saint John XXIII
Pope Saint John Paul II
XXIII János és II János Pál.png
Pope John XXIII (left) and Pope John Paul II (right)
Popes
Born John XXIII:
25 November 1881
Sotto il Monte, Bergamo, Kingdom of Italy
John Paul II:
18 May 1920
Wadowice, Republic of Poland
Died John XXIII:
3 June 1963
Apostolic Palace, Vatican City
John Paul II:
2 April 2005
Apostolic Palace, Vatican City
Honored in
John XXIII:
Anglican Church of Canada
Evangelical Lutheran Church in America
Roman Catholic Church
John Paul II:
Roman Catholic Church
Canonized 27 April 2014, Saint Peter's Square, Vatican City by Pope Francis
Feast John XXIII:
11 October
John Paul II:
22 October
Patronage John XXIII:
Patriarchy of Venice, Papal delegates, Second Vatican Council
John Paul II:
Krakow, Poland, World Youth Day, young Catholics, families, Swidnica

Pope John XXIII (25 November 1881 – 3 June 1963) and Pope John Paul II (18 May 1920 – 2 April 2005) reigned as popes of the Roman Catholic Church and the sovereigns of Vatican City (respectively from 1958 to 1963 and 1978 to 2005). Their canonizations were held on 27 April 2014.[1] The decision to canonize was made official by Pope Francis on 5 July 2013 following the recognition of a miracle attributed to the intercession of John Paul II, while John XXIII was canonized for his merits of opening the Second Vatican Council. The date of the canonization was assigned on 30 September 2013.[2][3]

The Canonization Mass was celebrated by Pope Francis (with Pope Emeritus Benedict XVI concelebrating), on Sunday 27 April 2014 (Divine Mercy Sunday), in St. Peter's Square (Pope John Paul had died on the vigil of Divine Mercy Sunday in 2005).[4][5] About 150 Cardinals and 700 bishops concelebrated the Mass, and at least 500,000 people attended the mass with an estimated 300,000 others watching from video screens placed around Rome.[6]

People present at the canonization[edit]

Delegations from 98 States or international organizations were present for the canonization in Rome, including 19 heads of state and 24 heads of government.[7]

Country Title Dignitary
 Liechtenstein Princes Hans-Adam II, Prince of Liechtenstein and Marie, Princess of Liechtenstein
 Andorra Co-Prince Joan Enric Vives Sicília
 Belgium Former monarchs King Albert II and Queen Paola
 Spain Monarchs King Juan Carlos I and Queen Sofía
 Hungary President János Áder
Prime Minister Viktor Orbán
 Slovakia President Ivan Gašparovič
Prime Minister Robert Fico
 Paraguay President Horacio Cartes
 Lithuania President Dalia Grybauskaitė
Prime Minister Algirdas Butkevicius
 Lebanon President Michel Suleiman
Prime Minister Tammam Salam
 Kosovo President Atifete Jahjaga
 Honduras President Juan Orlando Hernández
 Equatorial Guinea President Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo
 Gabon President Ali Bongo Ondimba
 El Salvador President Mauricio Funes
Vice President and President-elect Salvador Sánchez Cerén
 Ecuador President Rafael Correa
 Cameroon President Paul Biya
 Bosnia and Herzegovina President Bakir Izetbegovic
 Argentina President of the Chamber of Deputies Julián Domínguez
 Mexico First Lady Angélica Rivera
 United States Special Advisor to the President John Podesta
 Ireland Taoiseach Enda Kenny
 Venezuela Minister of Foreign Affairs Elías Jaua
 Ukraine Minister of Foreign Affairs Andrii Deshchytsia
 Zimbabwe President Robert Mugabe
 Luxembourg Grand Duke Henri, Grand Duke of Luxembourg
 Croatia President Ivo Josipović
Prime Minister Zoran Milanović
 Bulgaria President Rosen Plevneliev
Royal family Tsar Simeon II, former Prime Minister

Queen Margarita
Princess Marie Louise of Bulgaria

 ROC Vice President Wu Den-yih (吳敦義)
 France Prime Minister Manuel Valls
former first lady Bernadette Chirac
former Prime Minister François Fillon
Senator and President of Ain France-Holy group the Senate Charles Revet
Member of Parliament and President of Ain France-Holy group the National Assembly Xavier Breton
 EU President of the European Council Herman Van Rompuy
President of the European Commission José Manuel Durão Barroso
 Italy President Giorgio Napolitano
first lady Clio Maria Bittoni
Prime Minister Matteo Renzi
 Poland President Bronislaw Komorowski
First Lady Anna Komorowska
Prime Minister Donald Tusk
former President Aleksander Kwasniewski
former First Lady Jolanta Kwasniewska
former President Lech Walesa
former First Lady Danuta Walesa
president of the Sejm Ewa Kopacz
President of the Senate Bogdan Borusewicz
 Slovenia President Borut Pahor
Prime Minister Alenka Bratušek

Images[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Popes set for historic Vatican saints ceremony". BBC News. Retrieved 27 April 2014. 
  2. ^ "Popes John Paul II and John XXIII declared saints". Daily Telegraph. 27 April 2014. Retrieved 29 April 2014. 
  3. ^ "A Double Canonization for Popes John XXIII and John Paul II". Wall Street Journal. 27 April 2014. Retrieved 29 April 2014. 
  4. ^ Davies, Lizzy (27 April 2014). "Popes John Paul II and John XXIII declared saints in double canonisation". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 29 April 2014. 
  5. ^ Smith-Spark, Laura; Gallagher, Delia; Wedeman, Ben (27 April 2014). "Sainthood for John Paul II and John XXIII, as crowds pack St. Peter's Square". CNN. Retrieved 29 April 2014. 
  6. ^ McDonnell, Patrick J.; Kington, Tom (27 April 2014). "Canonization of predecessors provides another boost for Pope Francis". Los Angeles Times (Los Angeles, CA). "An estimated 800,000 people descended on Rome for the dual canonization, a Vatican spokesman said. That included the half a million around the Vatican and another 300,000 watching the event on giant TV screens set up throughout the city of Rome." 
  7. ^ "John XXIII and John Paul II Inscribed in the Book of Saints". Vatican Information Service. Retrieved 27 April 2014. .