Canons Regular of the Holy Sepulchre

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Canons Regular of the Holy Sepulchre were a religious order said to have been founded In 1114 (or, according to other accounts during the rule of Godfrey of Bouillon in Jerusalem) on the rule of St Augustine.

Pope Celestine III, in 1143, confirmed the Church and Canons of the Holy Sepulchre in all their possessions, and listed several churches both in the Holy Land and in Italy belonging to the Canons. According to Jacques de Vitry, the canons served the churches on Mount Sion and Mount Olivet in addition to that of the Holy Sepulchre.

After the fall of Jerusalem to Saladin, the canons fled the Holy Land along with other Latin Christians. They first settled briefly on Cyprus, where they established Bellapais Abbey, before proceeding to Western Europe.

The canons survived in France until the French Revolution. In Italy they seem to have been suppressed by Pope Innocent VIII in 1489, and their property given to the Knights of St John. The canons are now extinct, but Canonesses of the Holy Sepulchre are still to be found in various countries of Western Europe.


Public Domain This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.