Canovelles

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Canovelles
municipality
Buildings seen from the street of Sant Eudald of Canovelles
Buildings seen from the street of Sant Eudald of Canovelles
Flag of Canovelles
Flag
Coat of arms of Canovelles
Coat of arms
Canovelles is located in Catalonia
Canovelles
Canovelles
Location in Catalonia
Coordinates: 41°37′13″N 2°17′5″E / 41.62028°N 2.28472°E / 41.62028; 2.28472Coordinates: 41°37′13″N 2°17′5″E / 41.62028°N 2.28472°E / 41.62028; 2.28472
Country  Spain
Autonomous community  Catalonia
Province Barcelona
Comarca Vallès Oriental
Government
 • Mayor José Orive I Vélez
Area
 • Total 6.7 km2 (2.6 sq mi)
Elevation 175 m (574 ft)
Population (2007)
 • Total 15,704
 • Density 2,343.88/km2 (6,070.6/sq mi)
 • Demonym Canovellí, canovellina
Website Official municipal website (Catalan)

Canovelles (Catalan pronunciation: [kənuˈβeʎəs]) is a municipality situated in the comarca of Vallès Oriental, in the province of Barcelona, part of the autonomous community of Catalonia in northeastern Spain. It is located about two kilometers from the local capital of Granollers, with which it forms a conurbation.

Demographics[edit]

Population by district[edit]

District Pop. (2007)
Àligues, les 125
La Barriada Nova 11,786
Bellulla 225
Can Castells 696
Can Comas 17
Can Diviu 1,327
Can Duran 668
Can Quana 58
La Quinta Avinguda 111
La Serra 31
Sanaüja 486
Sant Feliu 45
Tibel 149
Ronda Nord in Canovelles
The neighborhood of Can Diviu

Population distribution[edit]

The vast majority of the immigrants of the last decade and their descendants live in the Barriada Nova (New Quarters). However, the members of the immigrant wave in the 1960s and 1970s are gradually moving further into the peripheral districts. Public housing shortages and the high price of private housing are driving young people out of the area, and into municipalities in the same region.

Demographic evolution[edit]

1497 1515 1553 1717 1787 1857 1877 1887 1900
18 24 23 136 173 303 305 334 335
1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1981 1990
330 337 505 665 631 3,061 8,100 12,093 13,165
1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2007
13,324 13,603 13,287 13,106 13,016 13,375 14,001 15,012 15,704

Economy[edit]

During the 1950s and 1960s, Canovelles saw a dramatic increase and immigration from other parts of Spain – namely from the nearby region of Barcelona. Because of this explosion in population, much of Canovelles’ economy stems from the service sector.

Another major source of regional economy comes from the weekly market held every Sunday, comprised by more than 500 shops. This market focus on the distribution of clothing, electronic devices and fruit.

History[edit]

Numerous archeological finds from the Neolithic Period and the Roman Empire have been found in Canovelles. One representative is the “Menhir”, a replica of which is displayed at the Can Palots Theater exhibition hall.

The first time the term Canovelles appears in a document is in 1008 AD, in a document pertaining to the Abbot of Sant Cugat.

Between the 1950s and the 1970s, many families from Extremadura and Andalusia arrived to the municipality, increasing the population by a factor of twenty. Since the end of the 1990s people from Morocco, Sub-Saharan Africa, and Latin America have been arriving to Canovelles in great numbers.

During the 1970s, clandestine groups of Marxists organized against the Franquist dictatorship, some of them comprised by more than a hundred militants.

Recent history[edit]

Controversial stickers spread around the town criticized the mayor’s increase in pay

A celebration was held in 2008 to celebrate the oldest document (written in 1008) in which a writer mentions the municipality's name.

In 2007, Socialists' Party of Catalonia (PSC) gained an absolute majority in the municipal government under the leadership of José Orive. In 2008, this government approved a thirty percent increase in pay for the mayor and local councillors. This pay increase marked José Orive as an object of controversy when hundreds of stickers criticizing the decision were posted on lampposts and other public objects throughout the municipality. After these stickers had been up for two days, the municipal government paid a cleaning company to remove them.

Administration[edit]

List of mayors since the democratic elections of 1979[edit]

Term Name of mayor Political Party
1979–1983 Francesc Martos i Aguilera PSC
1983–1987 Francesc Martos i Aguilera PSC
1987–1991 Francesc Martos i Aguilera PSC
1991–1995 Francesc Martos i Aguilera PSC
1995–1999 Francesc Martos i Aguilera PSC
1999–2003 Francesc Martos i Aguilera PSC
2003–2007 Francesc Martos i Aguilera / José Orive I Vélez PSC
2007–Present José Orive I Vélez (incumbent) PSC

List of mayors from 1900 to 1979[edit]

Term Name of mayor Political party
Restauración Borbónica
1890–1906 Francesc Espargaró i Planas -
1906–1910 Joan Pous i Roger -
1910–1916 Francesc Botines i Galitó -
1916–1918 Esteve Grau i Montpart -
1918–1923 Jaume Gispert i Cassà -
1923–1930 Miquel Julià i Gorchs -
1930–1931 Jaume Gispert i Cassà -
Second Spanish Republic
1931–1933 Francesc Pous i Gorguí Acció Catalana Republicana
1933–1934 Josep Gratacòs i Peicasat ERC
1934–1936 Jaume Gispert i Cassà -
1936 Amadeu Facundo i Vidal Unió de Rebassaires-PSUC
1936–1937 Antoni Riera i Genevat CNT-FAI de Canovelles
1937–1938 Nemesio Sanz i Barrachina PSUC
1938 Francesc Pous i Gorguí Acció Catalana Republicana
Franquism
1939–1952 Isidre Duran i Blanchart -
1952–1960 Ignasi Julià i Argemí -
1960–1969 Felip Argemí i Orriols -
1969–1979 Joan Dordas i Vila -

Electoral results[edit]

Electoral results over time

1995[edit]

Party
Votes
%
Councillors
PSC-Progrés Municipal 4.132 63,44 13
Convergència i Unió 788 12,10 2
PP 525 8,06 1
ICV 474 7,28 1
ERC 272 4,18 0
Canovelles Unida (EUiA) 194 3,40 0

1999[edit]

Party
Votes
%
Councillors
PSC-Progrés Municipal 3.928 68,78% 15
Convergència i Unió 518 9,07 1
PP 491 8,60 1
EUiA 258 4,52 0
ERC 243 4,25 0
ICV 194 3,40 0

2003[edit]

Party
Votes
%
Councillors
PSC-Progrés Municipal 3.351 56,02 10
Convergència i Unió 808 13,51 2
ICV-EUiA 624 10,43 2
PP 624 10,43 2
ERC 495 8,27 1

2007[edit]

Party
Votes
%
Councillors
PSC-Progrés Municipal 2.816 53,89 11
Convergència i Unió 705 13,49 2
ICV-EUiA 540 10,33 2
PP 512 9,80 1
ERC 337 6,45 1
Ciutadans 216 4,13 0

Transportation[edit]

Highways[edit]

  • C-17 – Located on the exit by Ronda Nord and by the exit at Granollers-Canovelles BV1432 and BV1439

Railways[edit]

External links[edit]