Canterbury (UK Parliament constituency)

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Canterbury
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Canterbury in Kent.
Outline map
Location of Kent within England.
County Kent
Electorate 73,779 (December 2010)[1]
Major settlements Canterbury
Current constituency
Created 1918
Member of Parliament Julian Brazier (Conservative)
Number of members One
1295–1918
Number of members 1295–1885: Two
1885–1918: One
Type of constituency Borough constituency
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency South East England

Canterbury is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 1987 by Julian Brazier of the Conservative Party.[n 2]

History[edit]

The wider constituency formed from an expansion of the narrow parliamentary borough (or simply borough of the same name that existed from 1295 to 1918 that elected two MPs from 1295 (the Model Parliament) until 1885, and then one until 1918. Since 1918 it has elected a candidate of the Conservative Party.

Boundaries[edit]

Canterbury constituency comprises the larger part of the City of Canterbury District, containing the City and surrounding villages, together with the coastal town of Whitstable, but excluding the town of Herne Bay which is in the North Thanet constituency.

Boundary review[edit]

Following their review of parliamentary representation in Kent, the Boundary Commission for England has made major changes to the existing constituencies to deal with population changes across the county.

The modified Canterbury constituency is formed from the following electoral wards from within the city of Canterbury;

  • Barham Downs, Barton, Blean Forest, Chartham and Stone Street, Chestfield and Swalecliffe, Gorrell, Harbledown, Harbour, Little Stour, North Nailbourne, Northgate, St Stephens, Seasalter, Sturry North, Sturry South, Tankerton, Westgate, and Wincheap. From 2013 it is proposed that the constituency boundaries will face further changes, absorbing six wards of the current Faversham and Mid Kent Constituency which will be abolished. This will include the town of Faversham itself. All six wards lie within the Borough of Swale.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Parliamentary borough of Canterbury[edit]

MPs 1295–1660[edit]

Parliament First member Second member
1386 Thomas Holt John Symme[2]
1388 (Feb) John Mendham William Ellis[2]
1388 (Sep) John Creking John Wimpole[2]
1390 (Jan) Thomas Lincoln Thomas Ickham[2]
1390 (Nov)
1391 Edmund Horne John Proude[2]
1393 John Sexton Richard Gervays[2]
1394 John Proude Robert Farthing[2]
1395 William Ellis Thomas Ickham[2]
1397 (Jan) Richard Gervays John Sexton[2]
1397 (Sep) Edmund Horne Robert Farthing[2]
1399 John Sheldwich I Thomas Lane[2]
1401 Thomas Ickham John Pirie[2]
1402 John Sheldwich I Robert Cooper[2]
1404 (Jan) Thomas Chicche John Sexton[2]
1404 (Oct) John Umfray John Haute[2]
1406 Edmund Horne Richard Water[2]
1407 John Sexton Richard Water[2]
1410 Thomas Lane Henry Lynde[2]
1411 William Ickham William Rose[2]
1413 (Feb) William Lane John Sheldwich II[2]
1413 (May) Thomas Lane William Emery[2]
1414 (Apr) Richard Water John Sheldwich II[2]
1414 (Nov) Thomas Lane John Sheldwich II[2]
1415 John Sheldwich II[2]
1416 (Mar) Henry Lynde John Sheldwich II[2]
1416 (Oct) William Ickham William Benet[2]
1417 John Sheldwich II Henry Lynde[2]
1419 John Monyn John Sheldwich II[2]
1420 William Benet William Ickham[2]
1421 (May) John Sheldwich II William Lane[2]
1421 (Dec) Thomas Langdon Thomas Norman[2]
1425 William Benet [3]
1435 William Benet [4]
1450 William Benet [5]
1483 Sir George Browne (died 1483)
1489 John Crysp [6]
1504 Thomas Atwode
1510 William Crump Thomas Atwode[7]
1512 Thomas Wainfleet John Hales I[7]
1515 Thomas Atwode John Hales I[7]
1523 Christopher Hales John Bridges[7]
1529 Thomas Atwode, died
and repl. by Feb 1535 by
Robert Darknall
John Bridges[7]
1536 Robert Darknall John Bridges[7]
1539 John Starkey Robert Lewis[7]
1542 Robert Darknall Walter Hendley[7]
1545 Robert Lewis  ?[7]
1547 Robert Darknall Thomas Hales[7]
1553 (Mar) Robert Darknall George Webbe[7]
1553 (Oct) John Twyne William Coppyn[7]
1554 (Apr) John Twyne William Coppyn[7]
1554 (Nov) Nicholas Fish Richard Railton[7]
1558 Sir Henry Crispe William Roper[7]
1558/9 Sir Thomas Finch George Maye[8]
1562/3 William Lovelace Robert Alcock[8]
1571 William Lovelace} Robert Alcock[8]
1572 Anthony Webbe, died
and repl. 1582 by
Sir George Carey
William Lovelace, died
and repl. 1578 by ?
[8]
1584 Simon Brome John Rose[8][9]
1586 Simon Brome John Rose[8]
1588 Simon Brome Bartholomew Brome[8]
1593 Richard Lee Sir Henry Finch[8]
1597 John Boys Sir Henry Finch[8]
1601 John Boys John Rogers II[8]
1604 John Bowes Matthew Head
1614 George Newman Sir William Lovelace
1621–1622 John Finch Sir Robert Newington
1624 Thomas Scot Thomas Denn
1625 John Fisher Sir Thomas Wilsford
1626 Sir John Finch James Palmer
1628–1629 Sir John Finch Thomas Scott
1629–1640 No Parliaments summoned
1640 (Apr) Edward Masters John Nutt
1640 (Nov) Sir Edward Masters John Nutt
1645 Sir Edward Masters John Nutt
1648 Sir Edward Masters John Nutt
1653 Canterbury not represented in Barebones Parliament
1654 Thomas Scot Francis Butcher
1656 Thomas St Nicholas Vincent Denne
1659 Thomas St Nicholas Robert Gibbon
1659 Sir Edward Masters John Nutt

MPs 1660–1880[edit]

Election First member[10] Party Second member[10] Party
1660 Sir Anthony Aucher Heneage Finch
1661 Francis Lovelace Sir Edward Master
1664 Thomas Hardres
Feb 1679 Edward Hales William Jacob
Aug 1679 Sir Thomas Hardres
1681 Lewis Watson Vincent Denne
1685 Sir William Honywood, Bt Henry Lee
1695 George Sayer
1698 Henry Lee
1705 John Hardres
1708 Edward Watson Thomas D'Aeth
1710 John Hardres Henry Lee
1715 Sir Thomas Hales, Bt
1722 Samuel Milles
1727 Sir William Hardres, Bt[11]
1734[11] Thomas May
1735[11] Sir Thomas Hales, Bt
1741 Thomas Watson Thomas Best
1746 by-election Sir Thomas Hales, Bt
1747 Matthew Robinson-Morris
1754 Sir James Creed
1761 Richard Milles Thomas Best
1768 William Lynch
1774 Sir William Mayne
1780 George Gipps Charles Robinson
1790 Sir John Honywood, Bt
1796 John Baker Whig Samuel Elias Sawbridge Whig
Election declared void 2 Mar 1797
Mar 1797 by-election John Baker Whig Samuel Elias Sawbridge Whig
May 1797 Sir John Honywood, Bt Tory George Gipps Tory
1800 by-election George Watson
1802 John Baker Whig
1806 James Simmons
Feb 1807 by-election Samuel Elias Sawbridge Whig
May 1807 Edward Taylor Whig
1812 Stephen Rumbold Lushington Tory
1818 Lord Clifton Whig
1830 Richard Watson Whig Viscount Fordwich Whig
Jan 1835 Lord Albert Conyngham Liberal Frederick Villiers Liberal
Mar 1835 Stephen Rumbold Lushington Liberal
1837[12] James Bradshaw Conservative
1841 by-election[13] George Smythe Conservative
1847 by-election Lord Albert Conyngham Liberal
1850 by-election Frederick Romilly Liberal
1852 Henry Plumptre Gipps Conservative Henry Butler-Johnstone Conservative
1853 Constituency representation suspended
1854 by-election Charles Manners Lushington Conservative Sir William Somerville, Bt[14] Liberal
1857 Henry Butler-Johnstone Conservative
1862 by-election Henry Munro Butler-Johnstone Conservative
1865[15] John Walter Huddleston Conservative
1868 Theodore Henry Brinckman Liberal
1874 Lewis Ashurst Majendie Conservative
1878 by-election Hon. Alfred Gathorne-Hardy Conservative
1879 by-election Robert Peter Laurie Conservative
1880 Constituency representation suspended

MPs 1885–1918[edit]

  • Constituency representation restored and reduced to one (1885)
Election Member[10] Party
1885 John Heaton Conservative
Dec 1910 Francis Bennett-Goldney Independent Unionist
1918 by-election George Anderson Conservative
1918 Parliamentary borough abolished, name transferred to a new county division

Canterbury county constituency[edit]

MPs since 1918[edit]

Election Member[10] Party
1918 Ronald McNeill Conservative
1927 by-election William Wayland Conservative
1945 John White Conservative
1953 by-election Leslie Thomas Conservative
1966 David Crouch Conservative
1987 Julian Brazier Conservative

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2015: Canterbury[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Julian Brazier [17]
Liberal Democrat James Flanagan [18]
UKIP Jim Gascoyne [19]
Green Stuart Jefferey [20]
Labour Hugh Lanning [21]
General Election 2010: Canterbury[22][23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Julian Brazier 22,050 44.8 +0.3
Liberal Democrat Guy Voizey 16,002 32.5 +11.1
Labour Jean Samuel 7,940 16.1 −12.0
UKIP Howard Farmer 1,907 3.9 +1.9
Green Geoff Meaden 1,137 2.3 −1.0
Money Reform Anne Belsey 173 0.4 -
Majority 6,048 12.3
Turnout 49,209 64.1 −2.3
Conservative hold Swing −5.4

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Canterbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Julian Brazier 21,113 44.4 +2.9
Labour Alex Hilton 13,642 28.7 −8.2
Liberal Democrat Jenny Barnard-Langston 10,059 21.1 +3.3
Green Geoffrey Meaden 1,521 3.2 +1.2
UKIP John Moore 926 1.9 +0.1
Legalise Cannabis Rocky van de Benderskum 326 0.7 +0.7
Majority 7,471 15.7
Turnout 47,587 66.1 5.2
Conservative hold Swing +5.5
General Election 2001: Canterbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Julian Brazier 18,711 41.5 +2.8
Labour Emily Thornberry 16,642 36.9 +5.6
Liberal Democrat Peter Wales 8,056 17.8 −5.9
Green Hazel Dawe 920 2.0 +1.0
UKIP Lisa Moore 803 1.8 +1.3
Majority 2,069 4.6
Turnout 45,132 60.9 −11.6
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Canterbury[24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Julian Brazier 20,913 38.65
Labour Cheryl Hall 16,949 31.32
Liberal Democrat Martin Vye 12,854 23.76
Referendum Party James Osborne 2,460 4.55
Green Geoffrey Meaden 588 1.09
UKIP John Moore 281 0.52
Natural Law Andrew Pringle 64 0.12
Majority 3,964 7.33
Turnout 54,109 72.45
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1992: Canterbury[25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Julian Brazier 29,827 50.8 −3.0
Liberal Democrat M J Vye 19,022 32.4 +5.0
Labour MF Whitemore 8,936 15.2 −1.7
Green Ms. WJ Arnall 747 1.3 −0.4
Natural Law Ms. SE Curphey 203 0.3 N/A
Majority 10,805 18.4 −8.1
Turnout 58,735 78.1 +4.2
Conservative hold Swing −4.0

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Canterbury[26]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Julian Brazier 30,273 53.82
SDP–Liberal Alliance John Purchese 15,382 27.34
Labour Linda A. Keen 9,494 16.88
Green Steve Dawe 947 1.68
Independent Canterbury Nationalist Joan White 157 0.28
Majority 14,891 26.47
Turnout 56,255 73.96
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1983: Canterbury[27]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative David Crouch 29,029 56.47
SDP–Liberal Alliance J Purchese 13,287 25.85
Labour Jeannette Gould 7,906 15.38
Ecology D Conder 962 1.87
Independent Nationalist Joan White 226 0.44
Majority 15,742 30.62
Turnout 51,410 69.98
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: Canterbury[28]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative David Crouch 38,805 58.28
Labour RP Spencer 16,168 24.28
Liberal J Purchese 10,665 16.02
National Front Joan White 941 1.41
Majority 22,637 34
Turnout 66,578 74.72
Conservative hold Swing
General Election October 1974: Canterbury[29]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative David Crouch 31,002 49.81
Labour MF Fuller 16,247 26.10
Liberal SE Goulden 13,898 22.33
National Front Kenneth McKilliam 1,096 1.76
Majority 14,755 23.71
Turnout 62,239 72.61
Conservative hold Swing
General Election February 1974: Canterbury[30]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative David Crouch 34,341 50.34
Liberal S Goulden 17,300 25.36
Labour MF Fuller 15,751 23.09
National Front Kenneth McKilliam 831 1.22
Majority 17,041 24.98
Turnout 68,220 80.24
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1970: Canterbury[31]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative David Crouch 33,222 55.42
Labour HGN Clother 15,172 25.31
Liberal DCP Gracie 11,553 19.27
Majority 18,050 30.11
Turnout 59,950 74.57
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1966: Canterbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative David Crouch 27,160 49.84
Labour B Sawbridge 15,372 28.21
Liberal EW Moss 11,962 21.95
Majority 11,788 21.63
Turnout 76.10
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1964: Canterbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Leslie Thomas 26,827 51.97
Labour GS Cobbett 15,211 29.47
Liberal EW Moss 9,582 18.56
Majority 11,616 22.50
Turnout 76.32
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959: Canterbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Leslie Thomas 30,846 66.20
Labour GE Peters 15,746 33.80
Majority 15,100 32.41
Turnout 75.14
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1955: Canterbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Leslie Thomas 28,739 66.55
Labour RG Ward 14,444 33.45
Majority 14,295 33.10
Turnout 72.66
Conservative hold Swing
Canterbury by-election, 1953
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Leslie Thomas 19,400
Labour JAE Jones 9,560
Majority 9,930
Turnout
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1951: Canterbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John White 28,632 61.09
Labour JAE Jones 14,543 31.03
Liberal TH Payne 3,695 7.88
Majority 14,089 30.06
Turnout 80.06
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1950: Canterbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John White 26,491 55.95
Labour J Newman 14,563 30.76
Liberal Kenneth Graham Jupp 6,296 13.30
Majority 11,928 25.19
Turnout 82.48
Conservative hold Swing

Election in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Canterbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John White 24,282 61.61
Labour JDM Bell 14,115 35.81
Common Wealth C Williamson 1,017 2.58
Majority 10,167 25.80
Turnout 68.78
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1935: Canterbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative William Wayland 26,552 74.34
Labour HR Adams 9,164 25.66
Majority 17,388 48.68
Turnout 64.45
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1931: Canterbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative William Wayland 30,328 83.67
Labour P Winterton 5,921 16.33
Majority 24,407 67.33
Turnout 66.22
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

1929 General Election: Canterbury

[32] Electorate 49,499

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Sir William Abraham Edward Wayland 19,181 56.7 -0.6
Liberal David Carnegie 9,937 29.4 -13.3
Labour P S Eastman 4,703 13.9 n/a
Majority 9,244 27.3 +12.7
Turnout 33,821 68.3
Unionist hold Swing +6.3
Canterbury by-election, 1927

[33] Electorate 39,229

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Sir William Abraham Edward Wayland 13,657 57.3 -13.0
Liberal David Carnegie 10,175 42.7 +13.0
Majority 3,482 14.6 -26.0
Turnout 23,832 60.8 -5.1
Unionist hold Swing -13.0
1924 General Election: Canterbury

[34] Electorate 36,045

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Rt Hon. Ronald John McNeill 16,693 70.3
Liberal David Carnegie 7,061 29.7
Majority 9,632 40.6
Turnout 65.9
Unionist hold Swing

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References
  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae "History of Parliament". History of Parliament. Retrieved 2011-11-16. 
  3. ^ History of Parliament
  4. ^ History of Parliament
  5. ^ History of Parliament
  6. ^ The English Parliaments of Henry VII. Retrieved 2012-03-17. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o "History of Parliament". History of Parliament. Retrieved 2011-11-16. 
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "History of Parliament". History of Parliament. Retrieved 2011-11-16. 
  9. ^ Browne Willis
  10. ^ a b c d Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "C" (part 2)[self-published source][better source needed]
  11. ^ a b c Sir William Hardres, Bt was re-elected in 1734, but the result was overturned on petition and his seat awarded in 1735 to Sir Thomas Hales, Bt
  12. ^ A petition was lodged against the 1837 result, but withdrawn
  13. ^ A petition was lodged against the result of the by-election in February 1841, but it was dismissed
  14. ^ Sir William Somerville was known from 1863 as The Lord Athlumney.
  15. ^ A petition was lodged against the 1865 result, but withdrawn
  16. ^ http://ukpollingreport.co.uk/2015guide/canterbury/
  17. ^ http://electionresults.blogspot.co.uk/2013/04/canterbury-2015.html
  18. ^ http://electionresults.blogspot.co.uk/2013/04/canterbury-2015.html
  19. ^ http://electionresults.blogspot.co.uk/2013/04/canterbury-2015.html
  20. ^ http://electionresults.blogspot.co.uk/2013/04/canterbury-2015.html
  21. ^ http://electionresults.blogspot.co.uk/2013/04/canterbury-2015.html
  22. ^ "Canterbury". ukpollingreport.co.uk. Retrieved 2010-04-18. 
  23. ^ "UK Independence Party »". Candidates.ukip.org. Retrieved 2010-04-18. 
  24. ^ "Canterbury". Politicsresources.net. Retrieved 2010-04-18. 
  25. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06. 
  26. ^ "UK General Election results: June 1987 [Archive]". Politicsresources.net. 1987-06-11. Retrieved 2010-04-18. 
  27. ^ "UK General Election results: June 1983 [Archive]". Politicsresources.net. 1983-06-09. Retrieved 2010-04-18. 
  28. ^ "UK General Election results: May 1979 [Archive]". Politicsresources.net. 1979-05-28. Retrieved 2010-04-18. 
  29. ^ "UK General Election results: October 1974 [Archive]". Politicsresources.net. 1974-10-10. Retrieved 2010-04-18. 
  30. ^ "UK General Election results: February 1974 [Archive]". Politicsresources.net. 1974-02-28. Retrieved 2010-04-18. 
  31. ^ "UK General Election results 1970 [Archive]". Politicsresources.net. 1970-06-18. Retrieved 2010-04-18. 
  32. ^ F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949; Political Reference Publications, Glasgow 1949
  33. ^ F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949; Political Reference Publications, Glasgow 1949
  34. ^ F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949; Political Reference Publications, Glasgow 1949

Sources[edit]

  • Iain Dale, ed. (2003). The Times House of Commons 1929, 1931, 1935. Politico's (reprint). ISBN 1-84275-033-X. 
  • The Times House of Commons 1945. 1945. 
  • The Times House of Commons 1950. 1950. 
  • The Times House of Commons 1955. 1955. 

Coordinates: 51°18′N 1°3′E / 51.300°N 1.050°E / 51.300; 1.050