Canterbury (ship)

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A typical 17th century merchant ship

The Canterbury, or Canterbury Merchant, is the ship that transported William Penn and James Logan from England to Philadelphia in 1699.[1][2][3] The Canterbury set sail from the Isle of Wight on September 3, 1699, reaching Philadelphia on December 3, 1699.[1][4] The captain of the Canterbury is recorded as either "Henry Tregeny" or "Hen. Weagene".[5][6] During the voyage the Canterbury reportedly survived an attack by pirates.[7]

Passengers[edit]

Isle of Wight

The passenger list, even if one was recorded, is not extant. Therefore, alternative sources have been used to reconstruct the list of passengers and crew.

  • Confirmed:
    • William Penn,[8][9] Hannah Penn (second wife of William Penn) and Letitia Penn (daughter of William Penn by his first wife)[10]
    • James Logan,[11] secretary to William Penn
    • Henry Tregeny [12] or Henry Weagene [13]
  • Probable:
    • John Warder [14][15]
    • Solomon Warder and Mary Howel [14][16]
    • Thomas Parson [17]
    • Randolph Janney [18]
    • James Streater and family [19]
    • Timothy Hudson [20]
    • Joseph Austill [21]
    • William Smith, wife and family [22]
    • Samuel Sidon [23]
    • Abraham Scott [24]
    • Thomas Storey [25]
    • James Barton [26]
    • John and Rebecca Linton [27]
    • Mary Doe [28]
    • Thomas Story [29]
    • John and Jacob Holcombe [30]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ a b William Penn, Mary Maples Dunn, Richard S. Dunn, Edwin B. Bronner and David Fraser (1981-1987). The papers of William Penn. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 14 editions
  2. ^ Headlam, Cecil (editor) (1909). Calendar of state papers, colonial series, America and West Indies, 1699.. pp. 395-412: "Aug. 22. Whitehall." "William People to Robert Quary." "This oblidged them to hear Mr. Penn several times in order to their report." "[Sent forward by the Canterbury Merchant.]"
  3. ^ Headlam, p. 436: "Sept. 12. Whitehall. Council of Trades and Plantations to Robert Quary. The reason for our not answering you before we acquainted you with by the ship in which Mr. Penn sailed [the Canterbury Merchant ]."
  4. ^ Other authors list the departure date as September 9, 1699 and the arrival date as December 9, 1699.
  5. ^ William Penn, p. 181: "NOTE- Henry Tregeny (d. 1704), a Philadelphia merchant and master of the Canterbury, had transported WP to Pennsylvania in 1699."
  6. ^ Headlam, p. 395-412: "Aug. 25. H.M. Yard, near Portsmouth." "Henry Greenhill to William Popple at the Plantation Office, Whitehall. Your pacquett for R. Quarry is put on board the Canterbury, Capt. Hen. Weagene. Signed, Henry Greenhill. Endorsed, Recd. Aug. 26, 1699."
  7. ^ Keith, Charles Penrose (1997). The provincial counsilors of Pennsylvania. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., p. 6: "They [William Penn and James Logan] sailed from Cowes on September 9th, 1699, in the 'Canterbury'. On the way over, the ship was attacked by pirates, and Logan took part in the defence of it," "The pirates were beaten off,"
  8. ^ Myers, Albert Cook (1902). Quaker arrivals at Philadelphia 1682-1750: being a list of certificates of removal received at Philadelphia Monthly Meeting of Friends, Philadelphia: Ferris & Leach, NOTE- Myers did not adjust the dates based on the Julian Calendar, the standard in the British Isles and America prior to 1753, to dates based on the Gregorian Calendar. To make the adjustment, the month is increased by two months. For example: "10 mo. 29, 1699" would be adjusted to "12 mo. 29, 1699", or December 29, 1699.
  9. ^ Myers, p. 21: "WILLIAM PENN, from Two Days' Meeting, by appointment, at London, England, dated 6 mo., 1699." "WILLIAM PENN, another certificate, from Meeting in the City of Bristol, England, dated 5 mo. 31, 1699, where 'of late he hath had his residence some tyme.' Another from Mo. Mtg. held at Horsham, England, dated 5 mo. 12, 1699."
  10. ^ Scharf, John Thomas and Thompson Wescott (1884). History of Philadelphia, 1609-1884. Volume II, Philadelphia: L. H. Everts & Co., p. 1686: "In December, 1699, when William Penn made his second visit to Pennsylvania, he brought with him his second wife, Hannah Callowhill Penn, and Letitia Penn, his daughter by his first wife."
  11. ^ Keith, p. 6
  12. ^ William Penn, p. 181
  13. ^ Headlam, p. 395-412
  14. ^ a b Stiefel, Jay Robert (2006). "A clock for the rooms": the horological legacy of the Library Company of Philadelphia. Library Company of Philadelphia, p. 17: "By family tradition, William Warder had inherited the clock from his Quaker forebears. They had emigrated with Penn on his second voyage to Philadelphia, in 1699, aboard the ship Canterbury." "The Canterbury sailed from the Isle of Wight on September 3, 1699 and reached Pennsylvania on December 3, 1699."
  15. ^ Myers, p. 23: "JOHN WARDER, unmarried, from Mo. Mtg. at Horleystown, Southwark, England, dated 6 mo. 2, 1699. Received 10 mo. 29, 1699."
  16. ^ Myers, p. 24: "SOLOMON WARDER and MARY HOWEL, from First Day Meeting on Newport, Isle of Wight, dated 6 mo. 20, 1699. They declared their intentions of marriage at the Mo. Mtg. held 6 mo. 2, 1699, and no obstructions appeared. 'But the Speedy departure of the Ship has hindered their appearing att our next Monthly Meeting for the Accomplishment of their said Intention.' Received 10 mo. 29, 1699."
  17. ^ Myers, p. 24: "THOMAS PARSON, "Seigr of Coufold," county of Sussex, single man, who has suffered for the truth. From Mo. Mtg. at Horsham, in Sussex, England, dated 5 mo. 12, 1699. Names of Hugh and Isaac Parson among signers. Received 10 mo. 29, 1699."
  18. ^ Myers, p. 24: "RANDOLPH JANNEY, son of William Janney, of Hanford, Cheshire, England. From Mo. Mtg. at Morley, Cheshire, England, dated 6 mo. 2, 1699. Name of Deborah Janney among signers. Received 10 mo. 29, 1699."
  19. ^ Myers, p. 24: "JAMES STREATER, of New Alford, and family, from Mo. Mtg. in Alton, Hampshire, England, dated 6 mo. 4, 1699. Received 10 mo. 29, 1699."
  20. ^ Myers, p. 24: "TIMOTHY HUDSON, young, single man, son of William Hudson, from Mo. Mtg. at York, England, dated 11 mo. 6, 1698-1699. Has consent of parents. Received 11 mo. 26, 1699."
  21. ^ Myers, p. 24: "JOSEPH AUSTILL, 'lately of Ore,' son of William Austill, and grandson of Dorothy Austill, deceased, 'an honorable woman in the truth.' From Meetings of Ore and Newberry, England, dated 11 mo. 17, 1698-9. Received 11 mo. 26, 1699."
  22. ^ Myers, p. 25: "WILLIAM SMITH, 'the Elder,' wife and family, from Mo. Mtg. at Glastenbury, Somersetshire, England, dated 6 mo. 14, 1699."
  23. ^ Myers, p. 25: "SAMUEL SIDON, who 'did much good by Administring physich.' From Meeting at Breach, Derbyshire, England, dated 7 mo. 22, 1699."
  24. ^ Myers, p. 25: "ABRAHAM SCOTT, 'of Bartholomew ye great Mercer son of thomas Scott of ye same place and trade, deceased.' From Mo. Mtg. at Peale, in St. John Street, London, England, dated 5 mo. 26, 1699. Received 11 mo. 26, 1699."
  25. ^ Myers, p. 25: "THOMAS STOREY, ('abode with us about nine months') from Mo. Mtg. at Hamersmith, county of Middlesex, England, dated 5 mo. 27, 1699. Received 11 mo. 26, 1699."
  26. ^ Myers, p. 25: "JAMES BARTON, unmarried, 'baker lately dwelling with in Compass of the Peele meeting In St. John Street soe Called Son of James Barton of Uti & ster in the County of Staford, farmer.' From Two Weeks' Meeting at Devonshire House, London, dated 2 mo. 10, 1699. Received 11 mo. 26, 1699."
  27. ^ Myers, p. 26: "JOHN LINTON, and wife, Rebecca, late of Wigton. From Mo. Mtg. at Long Newton, England, dated 6 mo. 25, 1699. He 'walked amongst us these severall yeares.' 'She Came of beleveing parents and was Educated in ye way of truth from Childhood.' "
  28. ^ Myers, p. 26: "MARY DOE, unmarried, late servant to John Field, from Mtg. at Brewers Hall, London, England; dated 5 mo. 17, 1699. Not recorded."
  29. ^ Myers, p. 38: "THOMAS STORY, minister, from Mo. Mtg. in London, 'within ye walls,' dated 9 mo. 9, 1698. Also another certificate dated 1 mo. 23, 1701-2, from Two Weeks' Mtg. in London, stating that he is clear in relation to marriage. Received 11 mo. 26, 1699."
  30. ^ Kilpatrick, Mrs. Andrew. Collections of the Minnesota Historical Society. Vol. X, Part II: William Holcombe, "JOHN HOLCOMBE, with a brother, JACOB, came to America with William Penn on his second voyage in 1700, landing at Philadelphia with other members of the Society of Friends"