Lacolle, Quebec

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For homonymy, see Lacolle.
Lacolle
Municipality
Town hall
Town hall
Location within Le Haut-Richelieu RCM
Location within Le Haut-Richelieu RCM
Lacolle is located in Southern Quebec
Lacolle
Lacolle
Location within southern Quebec
Coordinates: 45°05′N 73°22′W / 45.083°N 73.367°W / 45.083; -73.367Coordinates: 45°05′N 73°22′W / 45.083°N 73.367°W / 45.083; -73.367[1]
Country  Canada
Province  Quebec
Region Montérégie
RCM Le Haut-Richelieu
Constituted September 13, 2001
Government[2][3]
 • Mayor Roland Luc Béliveau
 • Federal riding Saint-Jean
 • Prov. riding Huntingdon
Area[2][4]
 • Total 53.50 km2 (20.66 sq mi)
 • Land 49.64 km2 (19.17 sq mi)
Population (2011)[4]
 • Total 2,680
 • Density 54.0/km2 (140/sq mi)
 • Pop 2006-2011 Increase 6.7%
 • Dwellings 1,185
Time zone EST (UTC−5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC−4)
Postal code(s) J0J 1J0
Area code(s) 450 and 579
Highways Route 221
Route 223
Route 202
Website www.lacolle.com

Lacolle is a municipality in southern Quebec, Canada located in the administrative area of the Montérégie. The population as of the Canada 2011 Census was 2,680. The Lacolle River runs eastward though the middle of the town and empties in Richelieu River.

History[edit]

The written history of Lacolle can be traced back to July 4, 1609 when Samuel de Champlain and his entourage stopped briefly at the mouth of a small stream for a meal before continuing southward up the Richelieu River into the lake which now bears his name. In his journal, Champlain referred to the location of the delta as "Lacole". When translated literally, the term means the neck of a bottle or that which is above the shoulders.

Lacolle was the site of three battles in the early 19th Century. Two of the battles took place during the War of 1812. The Battle of Lacolle Mills (1812) was a short engagement in which a small garrison of Canadien Militia, with the assistance of Kahnawake Mohawk warriors, defended a makeshift log blockhouse from an American invasion force led by Major General Henry Dearborn.[5] In the Battle of Lacolle Mills (1814) a garrison of 80 men of the 13th Regiment of Foot and a Congreve rocket detachment of the Royal Marine Artillery, later reinforced by a company of the Canadian Voltigeurs and the Grenadier company of the Canadian Fencibles successfully defended a blockhouse and stone mill building from an attacking American force of 4,000 men led by Major General James Wilkinson.[6][7][8]

The Battle of Lacolle was fought on November 7, 1838 between Loyal Lower Canada volunteer forces under Major John Scriver and Lower Canada rebels under Colonel Ferdinand-Alphonse Oklowski. The half hour battle ended in a rebel defeat.[9][10]

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

Historical Census Data - Lacolle, Quebec[13]
Year Pop.   ±%  
1991 1,392 —    
1996 1,554 +11.6%
Year Pop.   ±%  
2001 1,503 −3.3%
2002M 2,402 +59.8%
Year Pop.   ±%  
2006 2,512 +4.6%
2011 2,680 +6.7%
(M) merger with Notre-Dame-du-Mont-Carmel on January 1, 2002.

Language[edit]

Canada Census Mother Tongue - Lacolle, Quebec[13]
Census Total
French
English
French & English
Other
Year Responses Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop %
2011
2,680
2,275 Increase 5.3% 84.89% 310 Increase 21.6% 11.57% 40 Increase 166.7% 1.49% 55 Decrease 26.7% 2.05%
2006
2,505
2,160 Increase 60.0% 86.23% 255 Increase 240.0% 10.18% 15 Decrease 40.0% 0.60% 75 Increase 66.7% 2.99%
2001
1,495
1,350 Increase 12.5% 90.30% 75 Decrease 63.4% 5.02% 25 Decrease 54.5% 1.67% 45 Decrease 10.0% 3.01%
1996
1,510
1,200 n/a 79.47% 205 n/a 13.58% 55 n/a 3.64% 50 n/a 3.31%

Industry[edit]

Lacolle as a small industrial park featuring Arneg Inc, Soudure HMC inc, and a Recycling complex operated by Compo Haut-Richelieu inc. (headquartered in St-Jean-sur-Richelieu).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Reference number 372452 of the Commission de toponymie du Québec (French)
  2. ^ a b Ministère des Affaires municipales, des Régions et de l'Occupation du territoire: Lacolle
  3. ^ Parliament of Canada Federal Riding History: SAINT-JEAN (Quebec)
  4. ^ a b c 2011 Statistics Canada Census Profile: Lacolle, Quebec
  5. ^ "Battle of Lacolle Mills". Retrieved 11 November 2013. 
  6. ^ John R. Elting, Amateurs to Arms, p.176
  7. ^ Report of the Commanding Officer of the 13th Foot
  8. ^ NICOLAS, Paul Harris: Historical Record of the Royal Marine Forces, Volume 2, p253
  9. ^ "La bataille de Lacolle, 6 novembre 1838" at Les Patriotes de 1837@1838
  10. ^ "Bataille de Lacolle - 6 et 7 novembre 1838. (Bataille)" in La Mémoire du Québec
  11. ^ "2006 Community Profiles". Canada 2006 Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2014-03-09. 
  12. ^ "2001 Community Profiles". Canada 2001 Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012. Retrieved 2014-03-09. 
  13. ^ a b Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 census

External links[edit]