Fulton County, Illinois

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Not to be confused with Fulton, Illinois.
Fulton County, Illinois
Map of Illinois highlighting Fulton County
Location in the state of Illinois
Map of the United States highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
Founded 1823
Named for Robert Fulton
Seat Lewistown
Largest city Canton
Area
 • Total 883 sq mi (2,287 km2)
 • Land 866 sq mi (2,243 km2)
 • Water 17 sq mi (44 km2), 1.9%
Population
 • (2010) 37,069
 • Density 43/sq mi (17/km²)
Congressional district 17th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

Fulton County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it had a population of 37,069.[1] Its county seat is Lewistown,[2] and the largest city is Canton.

Fulton County comprises the Canton, IL Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is included in the Peoria-Canton, IL Combined Statistical Area. Fulton County is part of Forgottonia.

Bob Bucher is the Chairman of the Fulton County Board. Mike Hays was the County Administrator until the position was eliminated.

History[edit]

Fulton County was organized in 1823 from Pike County. It is named for Robert Fulton, inventor of the steamboat.[3] It was the home of famous poet/writer Edgar Lee Masters in his early days; he wrote the famous Spoon River Anthology (1915). Fulton County was home to Camp Ellis during World War II.

The county is known for the annual Spoon River Scenic Drive which occurs the first 2 weekends in October. This has been a tradition since 1968 and attracts thousands of participants from all over the country.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 883 square miles (2,290 km2), of which 866 square miles (2,240 km2) is land and 17 square miles (44 km2) (1.9%) is water.[5]

Fulton County is the site of Dickson Mounds Museum, a state museum of Native American daily life in the Illinois River valley.

Climate and weather[edit]

Lewistown, Illinois
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
1.9
 
32
14
 
 
1.9
 
38
19
 
 
3
 
50
30
 
 
3.5
 
63
40
 
 
4.4
 
74
51
 
 
3.8
 
84
60
 
 
3.9
 
88
64
 
 
3.5
 
86
61
 
 
3.2
 
80
52
 
 
2.9
 
68
41
 
 
3.3
 
51
30
 
 
2.6
 
37
19
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[6]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Lewistown have ranged from a low of 14 °F (−10 °C) in January to a high of 88 °F (31 °C) in July, although a record low of −30 °F (−34 °C) was recorded in January 1999 and a record high of 106 °F (41 °C) was recorded in July 1983. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.85 inches (47 mm) in January to 4.43 inches (113 mm) in May.[6]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Airport[edit]

The county contains one public-use airport: Ingersoll Airport (CTK), located in Canton.[7]

Demographics[edit]

2000 census age pyramid for Fulton County
Historical population
Census Pop.
1830 1,841
1840 13,142 613.9%
1850 22,508 71.3%
1860 33,338 48.1%
1870 38,291 14.9%
1880 41,240 7.7%
1890 43,110 4.5%
1900 46,201 7.2%
1910 49,549 7.2%
1920 48,163 −2.8%
1930 43,983 −8.7%
1940 44,627 1.5%
1950 43,716 −2.0%
1960 41,954 −4.0%
1970 41,890 −0.2%
1980 43,687 4.3%
1990 38,080 −12.8%
2000 38,250 0.4%
2010 37,069 −3.1%
Est. 2013 36,346 −2.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1790-1960[9] 1900-1990[10]
1990-2000[11] 2010-2013[1]

As of the census[12] of 2000, there were 38,250 people, 14,877 households, and 10,250 families residing in the county. The population density was 44 people per square mile (17/km²). There were 16,240 housing units at an average density of 19 per square mile (7/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 95.12% White, 3.60% Black or African American, 0.18% Native American, 0.24% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.29% from other races, and 0.55% from two or more races. 1.25% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 35.4% were of English descent, 24.9% were of German descent, and 10.0% were of Irish descent according to Census 2000. 98.1% spoke English and 1.2% Spanish as their first language.

There were 14,877 households out of which 28.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.50% were married couples living together, 8.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.10% were non-families. 27.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.90.

In the county the population was spread out with 22.00% under the age of 18, 8.70% from 18 to 24, 28.00% from 25 to 44, 23.00% from 45 to 64, and 18.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 105.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 104.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $33,952, and the median income for a family was $41,193. Males had a median income of $31,800 versus $21,223 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,373. About 7.30% of families and 9.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.30% of those under age 18 and 6.90% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Villages[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

Fulton County is divided into twenty-six townships:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 5, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 133. 
  4. ^ White, Jesse. Origin and Evolution of Illinois Counties. State of Illinois, March 2010. [1]
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  6. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Lewistown, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 
  7. ^ Public and Private Airports, Fulton County, Illinois
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 5, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 5, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 5, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 5, 2014. 
  12. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 40°29′N 90°13′W / 40.48°N 90.21°W / 40.48; -90.21