Canton Center Historic District is a historic district in Canton, Connecticut that was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1997. It represents the original settlement in the town of Canton and is mostly linear running along Route 179. The district includes 84 contributing buildings, and also 44 non-contributing buildings, over an area of approximately 500 acres (200 ha) and is a reduced version of a local historic district of the same name, excluding certain peripheral, non-contributing properties. The district is a well-preserved example of rural agricultural center in Connecticut. The district served as the town's civic center from when Canton was incorporated in 1806 to around 1920 when the village of Collinsville came into prominence. One of the oldest houses in the district is the Caleb Case House built in 1785. The district includes many examples of Late Victorian and Greek Revival architecture. There was very little construction in Canton Center in the 20th century except for the construction of the Cherry Brook Primary School in 1941.