Canton, Ohio

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Canton, Ohio
City
City of Canton
Skyline of downtown Canton
Skyline of downtown Canton
Nickname(s): Hall of Fame City
Location in the state of Ohio
Location in the state of Ohio
Coordinates: 40°48′18″N 81°22′33″W / 40.80500°N 81.37583°W / 40.80500; -81.37583Coordinates: 40°48′18″N 81°22′33″W / 40.80500°N 81.37583°W / 40.80500; -81.37583
Country United States
State Ohio
County Stark
Founded 1805
Incorporated 1815 (village)
1854 (city)
Government
 • Type Mayor-council
 • Mayor William J. Healy II (D) [1]
Area[2]
 • City 25.48 sq mi (65.99 km2)
 • Land 25.46 sq mi (65.94 km2)
 • Water 0.02 sq mi (0.05 km2)
Elevation 1,060 ft (323 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • City 73,007
 • Estimate (2012[4]) 72,683
 • Density 2,867.5/sq mi (1,107.1/km2)
 • Urban 279,245 (US: 135th)
 • Metro 404,422 (US: 130th)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 44700-44799
Area code(s) 330/234
FIPS code 39-12000
GNIS feature ID 1048580[5]
Website www.cantonohio.gov

Canton is a city in and the county seat of Stark County, Ohio, United States.[6] Founded in 1805 alongside the Middle and West Branches of Nimishillen Creek, Canton became a heavy manufacturing center because of its numerous railroad lines. However, its status in that regard began to decline during the late 20th century, as shifts in the manufacturing industry led to the relocation or repositioning of many factories. After this decline, the city's industry diversified into the service economy, including retailing, education, finance and healthcare.

Canton is located approximately 24 miles (39 km) south of Akron,[7] and 60 miles (97 km) south of Cleveland,[8] in the northeastern part of Ohio. Canton lies on the outskirts of the greater northeast Ohio metropolitan area anchored by Cleveland, and is also a short distance away from the periphery of the greater Pittsburgh area. The city serves as a gateway to Ohio's extensive Amish country, particularly in Holmes and Wayne counties to the city's west. Canton is located along the historic Lincoln Highway, the present-day Interstate 77, U.S. Route 30 and U.S. Route 62, and is also the terminus of the Cuyahoga Valley Scenic Railroad.

As of the 2010 Census, the city of Canton is the largest incorporated area in the Canton-Massillon, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA), which includes all of Stark and Carroll counties. The CMMSA reported a population of 404,422. Canton's city population declined 9.7%, down to 73,007 residents.[9] Despite this decline, the 2010 figure actually moved Canton from ninth to eighth place among Ohio cities. Nearby Youngstown in Mahoning County, once considerably more populous than Canton, suffered a larger decline.[9]

Most outside attention given to Canton is focused on two things. The first is football, especially the Pro Football Hall of Fame and the formation in 1920 of what eventually became the National Football League. The second is William McKinley, who conducted from his home in Canton the famed front porch campaign which won him the presidency of the United States in the 1896 election. The McKinley National Memorial and the William McKinley Presidential Library and Museum commemorate his life and presidency. Canton was chosen as the site of the First Ladies National Historic Site largely in honor of his wife, Ida Saxton McKinley.

History[edit]

Burial site of President William McKinley
William McKinley Presidential Library & Museum

Canton was founded in 1805. Cantonrep.com quotes Kim Kenney, the curator of the William McKinley Presidential Library & Museum, whose information came from E.T. Heald's series, The Stark County Story, as saying that Canton was incorporated as a village in 1822, and then as a city in 1838.[10]

Bezaleel Wells, the surveyor who divided the land of the town, named it after Canton (a traditional name for Guangzhou), China. The name was a memorial to a trader named John O'Donnell, whom Wells admired. O'Donnell had named his Maryland plantation after the Chinese city, as he had been the first person to transport goods from there to Baltimore.

Canton was the adopted home of President William McKinley. Born in Niles, McKinley first practiced law in Canton around 1867, and was prosecuting attorney of Stark County from 1869 to 1871. The city was his home during his successful campaign for Ohio governor, the site of his front-porch presidential campaign of 1896 and the campaign of 1900. Canton is now the site of the William McKinley Presidential Library and Museum and the McKinley National Memorial, dedicated in 1907.

Geography[edit]

Address system[edit]

Canton's street layout forms the basis for the system of addresses in Stark County. Canton proper is divided into address quadrants (NW, NE, SW, SE) by Tuscarawas Street (dividing N and S) and Market Avenue (dividing E and W). Due to shifts in the street layout, the E-W divider becomes Cleveland Avenue south of the city, merging onto Ridge Road farther out. The directionals are noted as suffixes to the street name (e.g. Tuscarawas St W, 55th Street NE). Typically within the city numbered streets run east and west and radiate from the Tuscarawas Street baseline, while named avenues run north and south.

This system extends into Stark County but is not shared by the cities of Massillon, East Canton or North Canton, which have their own internal address grids.

Topography[edit]

Canton is located at an elevation of 1060 feet (323 m).[11] Nimishillen Creek and its East, Middle and West Branches flow through the city.[12]

Canton is bordered by Plain Township and North Canton to the north, Meyers Lake and Perry Township to the west, Canton Township to the South, and Nimishillen Township, Osnaburg Township and East Canton to the east. Annexations were approved in December 2006 extending Canton's eastern boundary to East Canton's border.[13][14]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 25.48 square miles (65.99 km2), of which, 25.46 square miles (65.94 km2) is land and 0.02 square miles (0.05 km2) is water.[2]

Climate[edit]

Canton has a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dfa), typical of much of the Midwestern United States, with very warm, humid summers and cold winters. Winters tend to be cold, with average January high temperatures of 33 °F (1 °C), and average lows of 19 °F (−7 °C), with considerable variation in temperatures. During a typical January, high temperatures of over 50 °F (10 °C) are just as common as low temperatures of below 0 °F (−18 °C). Snowfall is lighter than the snowbelt areas to the north. Akron-Canton Airport generally averages 47.1 inches (120 cm) of snow per season. Springs are short with rapid transition from hard winter to warm, sometimes humid and muggy summers. Summers tend to be warm, sometimes hot, with average July high temperatures of 82 °F (28 °C), and average July low of 62 °F (17 °C). Summer weather is more stable, generally humid with thunderstorms fairly common. Temperatures reach or exceed 90 °F (32 °C) about 9 times each summer, on average.[15] Fall usually is the driest season with many clear, warm days and cool nights. The all-time record high in the Akron-Canton area of 104 °F (40 °C) was established on August 6, 1918, and the all-time record low of −25 °F (−32 °C) was set on January 19, 1994.[16]

Climate data for Canton, Ohio (Akron-Canton Airport), 1981–2010 normals
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 73
(23)
72
(22)
83
(28)
89
(32)
94
(34)
100
(38)
102
(39)
104
(40)
99
(37)
89
(32)
80
(27)
76
(24)
104
(40)
Average high °F (°C) 33.6
(0.9)
37.2
(2.9)
47.2
(8.4)
60.1
(15.6)
69.8
(21)
78.5
(25.8)
82.5
(28.1)
80.8
(27.1)
73.4
(23)
61.5
(16.4)
49.7
(9.8)
37.4
(3)
59.3
(15.2)
Average low °F (°C) 19.3
(−7.1)
21.4
(−5.9)
28.6
(−1.9)
38.9
(3.8)
48.6
(9.2)
57.8
(14.3)
62.0
(16.7)
60.7
(15.9)
53.4
(11.9)
42.5
(5.8)
34.0
(1.1)
24.0
(−4.4)
40.9
(4.9)
Record low °F (°C) −25
(−32)
−20
(−29)
−6
(−21)
10
(−12)
24
(−4)
32
(0)
41
(5)
39
(4)
29
(−2)
20
(−7)
−1
(−18)
−16
(−27)
−25
(−32)
Precipitation inches (mm) 2.60
(66)
2.30
(58.4)
2.98
(75.7)
3.55
(90.2)
4.28
(108.7)
3.83
(97.3)
4.07
(103.4)
3.56
(90.4)
3.45
(87.6)
2.83
(71.9)
3.28
(83.3)
2.83
(71.9)
39.56
(1,004.8)
Snowfall inches (cm) 12.6
(32)
10.8
(27.4)
8.0
(20.3)
2.7
(6.9)
0.1
(0.3)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.4
(1)
3.0
(7.6)
10.2
(25.9)
47.7
(121.2)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 17.1 14.1 14.0 14.3 14.0 12.1 11.3 9.6 10.2 10.9 13.8 16.2 157.6
Avg. snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 13.1 9.4 6.6 2.5 0 0 0 0 0 0.5 3.4 10.3 45.8
Source: NOAA (extremes 1887–present)[16]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1830 1,257
1850 2,603
1860 4,041 55.2%
1870 8,660 114.3%
1880 12,258 41.5%
1890 26,189 113.6%
1900 30,667 17.1%
1910 50,217 63.7%
1920 87,091 73.4%
1930 104,906 20.5%
1940 108,401 3.3%
1950 116,912 7.9%
1960 113,631 −2.8%
1970 110,053 −3.1%
1980 94,730 −13.9%
1990 84,161 −11.2%
2000 80,806 −4.0%
2010 73,007 −9.7%
Est. 2012 72,683 −0.4%
Sources:[17][18][19][20][21][22]
Location of the Canton-Massillon Metropolitan Statistical Area in Ohio
Market Street, Showing Northwest Corner Public Square, Canton, Ohio

Canton is the largest principal city of the Canton-Massillon Metropolitan Statistical Area, a metropolitan area that covers Carroll and Stark counties[23] and had a combined population of 404,422 at the 2010 census.[21]

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[21] of 2000, there were 80,806 people, 32,489 households, and 19,785 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,932.1 people per square mile (1,518.2/km2). There were 35,502 housing units at an average density of 1,728.0 per square mile (667.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 74.45% White, 21.04% African American, 0.49% Native American, 0.32% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.61% from other races, and 3.06% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.24% of the population.

There were 32,489 households out of which 30.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.1% were married couples living together, 19.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.1% were non-families. 33.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 3.04.

In the city the population was spread out with 26.6% under the age of 18, 9.8% from 18 to 24, 29.1% from 25 to 44, 20.2% from 45 to 64, and 14.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 87.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $28,730, and the median income for a family was $35,680. Males had a median income of $30.628 versus $21,581 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,544. About 15.4% of families and 19.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.4% of those under age 18 and 11.3% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 73,007 people, 29,705 households, and 17,127 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,867.5 inhabitants per square mile (1,107.1 /km2). There were 34,571 housing units at an average density of 1,357.9 per square mile (524.3 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 69.1% White, 24.2% African American, 0.5% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 1.0% from other races, and 4.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.6% of the population.

There were 29,705 households of which 31.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 30.8% were married couples living together, 21.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.7% had a male householder with no wife present, and 42.3% were non-families. 35.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 3.04.

The median age in the city was 35.6 years. 25.1% of residents were under the age of 18; 10.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 25.6% were from 25 to 44; 25.6% were from 45 to 64; and 12.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.4% male and 52.6% female.

Government[edit]

Canton City Hall

Canton works under a mayor–council government and it is the largest city in Ohio to operate without a charter. The city council is divided among nine wards with three at-large seats and the council president. The current mayor is William J. Healy II, a Democrat who is currently in his second term.[24]

Economy[edit]

Production of Half-track armored cars in a converted automobile plant. Diebold Safe and Lock Company, Canton, Ohio.

The Canton area's economy is primarily industrial, with a significant agricultural segment. The city is home to the Timken Company, a major manufacturer of tapered roller bearings and specialty steel. Several other large companies operate in the greater-Canton area, including the Belden Brick Company (brick and masonry producer) and Diebold (ATMs, electronic voting devices, and bank vaults). The area is also home to several regional food producers, including Nickles Bakery (baked goods), Case Farms (poultry), and Shearer's Foods (snack foods). Poultry production and dairy farming are also important segments of the Canton-area economy.

As in many industrial areas of the United States, employment in the manufacturing sector is in a state of long-term decline. LTV Steel (formerly Republic Steel) had been a large employer before its bankruptcy in 2000. In 2004, the Timken Company proposed moving its Canton-based bearing production to plants in the South. While Timken's steel production remains centered around Canton, this has struck a blow to the economy and the city's image and pride. The Hoover Company (vacuum and floor cleaners) had been an iconic part of North Canton for more than 50 years. It was purchased by Techtronic Industries Co Ltd from the Whirlpool Corporation in January 2007, resulting in the June 2007 closure of the original North Canton site. In response to these manufacturing losses, the area is undergoing a transition to a retail and service-based economy.

Canton, like many mid-size American cities, has lost most of its downtown retail business to the suburbs. The lion's share of the Canton area's retail is located in the general vicinity of the Westfield Belden Village Mall in Jackson Township. In recent years, the downtown area has seen some rejuvenation, with cafes, restaurants, and art galleries springing up. Despite the exodus of most of the city's retail to the Belden Village area, a few retail centers remain in Canton (at or near the city limits). Tuscarawas Street (Lincoln Way), a leg of the Lincoln Highway connecting Canton with neighboring Massillon, is home to the Canton Centre Mall and several retail outlets of varying size. A vein of commerce runs along Whipple Ave, connecting the Canton Centre area with the Belden Village area. A similar vein runs north from the downtown area, along Cleveland and Market Avenues. Connecting Cleveland and Market Avenues is a small shopping district on 30th St. NW, and retail lines the Route 62 corridor leading from Canton to Louisville and Alliance.

Arts and education[edit]

The Canton Museum of Art, founded in 1935, is a broad-based community arts organization designed to encourage and promote the fine arts in Canton. The museum focuses on 19th and 20th Century American artists, specifically works on paper, and on American ceramics, beginning in the 1950s. The museum sponsors annual shows of work of high school students in Canton and Stark County, and financial scholarships are awarded. Educational Outreach programs take the museum off-site to libraries, parochial schools, area public schools, five inner city schools and a school for students with behavioral disorders. The city's Arts District, located downtown, is the site of monthly First Friday arts celebrations.

Canton's K-12 students are primarily served by the Canton City School District, although students north of 17th St. NW have an overlap with Plain Local School District. Canton Local School District serves the better part of Canton South. Malone University, a private, four-year liberal arts college affiliated with the Evangelical Friends Church, is located on 25th St. N.W. Catholic-run Walsh University is located nearby in North Canton. Stark State College and a branch of Kent State University are also nearby, in Jackson Township. Also, in downtown Canton, there is a small annex for Stark State College to be used by the Early College High School students who are located on the Timken Campus.

The city is also served by two Catholic high schools --- St. Thomas Aquinas High School and Central Catholic High School (located in Perry Township). Perry Township is also home to Perry High School which serves students from both the Massillon and Canton area. Catholic grade schools within the city limits of Canton are St. Peter, St. Joseph, and Our Lady of Peace. Additional Catholic schools in the Canton area include Canton St. Michael School, ranked first in the Power of the Pen state tournament in 2010, and Canton St. Joan of Arc School. There is also Heritage Christian School (K-12), a Christian grade school and high school. Canton Country Day School is another private elementary school in the city of Canton. Also within the city limits is the private Canton Montessori School, which teaches according to the Montessori Plan for education proposed by Maria Montessori in the early 20th century.

Media[edit]

Print[edit]

Canton is served in print by The Repository, the city's only newspaper.

Television[edit]

Canton is part of the greater Cleveland radio and television media market. However, due to its proximity to Youngstown, it is not uncommon for residents to receive stations from that area as well via over-the-air television transmissions.

There are also 3 television stations that are licensed to Canton, though none of them are major network affiliates.

  • Channel 17: WDLI – (TBN) – serving Canton/Akron/Cleveland – Christian
  • Channel 39: WIVM-LD – (RTV) – Canton – Local, independent
  • Channel 47: WRLM – (TCT) – Canton – Christian

Canton also has a cable television Public-access television channel, Canton City Schools TV 11. The content varies based on the viewer's location. Citizens located in North Canton will see North Canton's programming instead of Canton City's. Those within the borders of Plain Local Schools will see Eagle Television's programming.

Radio[edit]

AM[edit]

FM[edit]

Neighborhoods[edit]

Sports[edit]

Front entrance to the Pro Football Hall of Fame.

Canton is home to the Pro Football Hall of Fame. The American Professional Football Association, the forerunner of the NFL, was founded in a Canton car dealership on September 17, 1920.

Every summer, Canton holds the Pro Football Hall of Fame Festival, which includes a hot air balloon festival, ribs burn-off, fashion show, community parade, Sunday morning race, enshrinnee dinner, and the Pro Football Hall of Fame Grande Parade, and culminates in the enshrinement of the new inductees and then the NFL Hall of Fame Game, a pre-season exhibition between teams representing the AFC and the NFC at Fawcett Stadium.[25] Fawcett, used during the regular season by McKinley and Timken high schools in Canton (as well as some other area schools and colleges) has been recognized by The Sporting News. The Canton Bulldogs were an NFL football team that played from 1920–1923 skipped 1924 season then played 1925 to '26 before folding.

Three of the Ohio High School Athletic Association state final football games are hosted in Canton at Fawcett Stadium. The other three take place in nearby Massillon, Ohio, at Paul Brown Tiger Stadium.

The Canton Legends played in the American Indoor Football Association at the Canton Civic Center. Operations were suspended in 2009. The Continental Indoor Football League also has offices in Canton.

Canton is also home to an NBA D-League team, the Canton Charge, which started play with the 2011–2012 season. The Cleveland Cavaliers have full control over the team. The Charge play its home games at the Canton Memorial Civic Center.

The Canton Invaders of the National Professional Soccer League II and American Indoor Soccer Association played home games at the Canton Memorial Civic Center from 1984 until 1996, winning five league championships. In 2009, the Ohio Vortex became an expansion team in the Professional Arena Soccer League. Operations have since been suspended.

Canton has been home to professional baseball on several occasions. A number of minor league teams called Canton home in the early 1900s, including the Canton Terriers in the 1920s and '30s. The Canton-Akron Indians were the AA affiliate of the major league Cleveland Indians for nine years, playing at Thurman Munson Memorial Stadium until the team relocated north to Akron following the 1996 season. Two independent minor league teams, the Canton Crocodiles and the Canton Coyotes, both members of the Frontier League, called Munson Stadium home for several years afterward. The Crocodiles, who won the league championship in their inaugural season in 1997, moved to Washington, Pennsylvania, in 2002, and the Coyotes moved to Columbia, Missouri, in 2003, after just one season in Canton.

Transportation[edit]

Canton is connected to the Interstate Highway System via Interstate 77 which connects Canton to Charleston, West Virginia and points south, and to Cleveland and Akron, Ohio to the north.

U.S. Route 30 connects Canton to Fort Wayne, Indiana and points west, and to Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania and points east. U.S. Route 62 connects Canton to Columbus, Ohio and points southwest, and to Youngstown, Ohio and points northeast.

The city has several arterial roads. Ohio 43 (Market Avenue, Walnut Avenue and Cherry Avenue), Ohio 153 (12th Street and Mahoning Road), Ohio 172 (Tuscarawas Street) / The Lincoln Highway, Ohio 297 (Whipple Avenue and Raff Avenue), Ohio 627 (Faircrest Street), Ohio 687 (Fulton Drive), and Ohio 800 (Cleveland Avenue) / A.K.A. Old Route 8.

Amtrak offers daily service to Chicago and Washington D.C. from a regional passenger station located in Alliance, Ohio.

Norfolk Southern and the Wheeling-Lake Erie railroads provide freight service in Canton.

Akron-Canton Regional Airport (IATA: CAK, IACO: KCAK) is a commercial Class C airport located 10 miles (16 km) north of the city and provides daily commercial passenger and air freight service.

Stark Area Regional Transit Authority (SARTA) provides public transit bus service within the county, including service to Massillon, the Akron-Canton Regional Airport, and the Amtrak station located in Alliance.

Popular culture[edit]

On the July 21, 2008, Stephen Colbert on The Colbert Report made a comment about John McCain making a campaign stop in Canton, Ohio, and "not the crappy Canton in Georgia."[26] The comment resulted in a local uproar, with the Canton, Georgia, mayor insisting Colbert had never visited the town along with an invitation for him to do so.[26] On July 30, 2008, Colbert apologized for the story, insisting that he was incorrect and that the "real" crappy Canton was Canton, Kansas, after which he made several jokes at the Kansas town's expense.[27][28] On August 5, Colbert apologized to citizens of Canton, Georgia and Canton, Kansas, then directing his derision on Canton, South Dakota. Colbert later went on to offer a half-hearted apology to Canton, South Dakota before proceeding to mock Canton, Texas. On October 28, Colbert turned his attention back to Canton, Ohio after Barack Obama made a campaign stop there, forcing Colbert to find it "crappy."

In 2009, the city was mistakenly listed on Google's map service as "Colesville".[29] A rumor that the mistake was the result of a prank by rival football fans was denied by Google spokeswoman Elaine Filadelfo.[30]

Notable people[edit]

In arts and entertainment[edit]

In politics[edit]

In sports[edit]

Others[edit]

Sister cities[edit]

Canton has one sister city:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mayor: City of Canton Retrieved January 2, 2007.
  2. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 6, 2013. 
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 6, 2013. 
  4. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 17, 2013. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  7. ^ "Driving Directions from Canton, Ohio to Akron, Ohio". Mapquest. June 5, 2007. Retrieved June 5, 2007. 
  8. ^ "Driving Directions from Canton, Ohio to Cleveland, Ohio". Mapquest. June 5, 2007. Retrieved June 5, 2007. 
  9. ^ a b "Census shows sharp population decline in Canton". CantonRep.com. Retrieved March 11, 2011. 
  10. ^ CantonRep.com[dead link] and About Us – General Information. City of Canton, Ohio.
  11. ^ "Geographic Names Information System entry for Canton". Retrieved January 13, 2007. 
  12. ^ DeLorme (1991). Ohio Atlas & Gazetteer. Yarmouth, Maine: DeLorme. ISBN 0-89933-233-1.
  13. ^ CantonRep.com – Canton and Stark County News
  14. ^ CantonRep.com – Canton and Stark County News
  15. ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Akron, Ohio". Retrieved November 10, 2008. 
  16. ^ a b "NowData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2013-11-24. 
  17. ^ "Population: Ohio". 1910 U.S. Census. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 28 November 2013. 
  18. ^ "Population: Ohio". 1930 US Census. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 28 November 2013. 
  19. ^ "Number of Inhabitants: Ohio". 18th Census of the United States. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  20. ^ "Ohio: Population and Housing Unit Counts". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  21. ^ a b c "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  22. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 25 November 2013. 
  23. ^ Metropolitan Statistical Areas and Components, Office of Management and Budget, May 11, 2007. Accessed 2008-07-30.
  24. ^ "Mayor William Healy – Official Biography". City of Canton. Retrieved April 3, 2010. 
  25. ^ Pro Football Hall of Fame Enshrinement Festival
  26. ^ a b Gumbrecht, Jamie (July 23, 2008). "Colbert's 'crappy Canton' comment puzzles mayor". The Atlanta Journal-Constitution. 
  27. ^ Crawley, Paul (July 31, 2008). "Colbert Apologizes To Canton... Sort Of". WXIA-TV. 
  28. ^ "Stephen Colbert slams Canton, Kansas". Kansas City Star. July 31, 2008. "In "apologizing" to Canton, Ga., on Wednesday's "The Colbert Report," Stephen Colbert slammed Canton, Kan." 
  29. ^ "Google maps goof calls Canton, Ohio, ’Colesville’". Arizona Daily Star. Associated Press. October 27, 2009. Retrieved November 8, 2009. 
  30. ^ Pritchard, Edd (October 27, 2009). "Mr. Wells called it Canton, Google calls it Colesville". The (Canton) Repository. Retrieved November 8, 2009. "Folks at Google offices in California already have heard rumors that the name change somehow is related to the McKinley-Massillon football game this weekend. That’s not the case, Filadelfo said several times. “It’s simply an error when the map was being labeled,” she said." [dead link]
  31. ^ http://www.nytimes.com/2002/04/05/arts/james-karales-photographer-of-social-upheaval-dies-at-71.html
  32. ^ http://www.nationalgeographic.com/explorers/bios/mark-aldenderfer

External links[edit]