Cantons of Ecuador

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Cantons of Ecuador
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This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Ecuador

The Cantons of Ecuador are the second-level subdivisions of Ecuador, below the provinces. There are 221 cantons in the country,[1] of which three are not in any province[clarification needed]. The cantons are further sub-divided into parishes, which are classified as either urban or rural. Below is a list of cantons by province.

Azuay Province[edit]

Canton Pop. (2001) Area (km²) Seat/Capital
Camilo Ponce Enríquez     Camilo Ponce Enríquez
Chordeleg 10,859 105 Chordeleg
Cuenca 417,632 3,086 Cuenca
El Pan 3,075 132 El Pan
Girón 12,583 347 Girón
Guachapala 3,125 41 Guachapala
Gualaceo 38,587 347 Gualaceo
Nabón 15,121 636 Nabón
Oña 3,231 295 Oña
Paute 23,106 267 Paute
Pucará 20,382 848 Pucará
San Fernando 3,961 142 San Fernando
Santa Isabel 18,015 781 Santa Isabel
Sevilla de Oro 5,234 314 Sevilla de Oro
Sigsig 24,635 657 Sigsig

Bolívar Province[edit]

Canton Pop. (2001) Area (km²) Seat/Capital
Caluma 11,074 175 Caluma
Chillanes 18,685 655 Chillanes
Chimbo 15,005 262 Chimbo
Echeandía 10,951 230 Echeandía
Guaranda 81,643 1,888 Guaranda
Las Naves 5,265 147 Las Naves
San Miguel 26,747 570 San Miguel

Cañar Province[edit]

Canton Pop. (2001) Area (km²) Seat/Capital
Azogues 64,910 613 Azogues
La Troncal 44,389 613 LA TRONCAL
Biblián 20,727 227 Biblián
Cañar 58,185 1,804 Cañar
Déleg 6,221 78 Déleg
El Tambo 8,251 65 El Tambo
Suscal 4,419 31 Suscal

Carchi Province[edit]

Canton Pop. (2001) Area (km²) Seat/Capital
Bolívar 13,898 353 Bolívar
Espejo 13,515 554 El Ángel
Mira 12,919 588 Mira
Montúfar 28,576 383 San Gabriel
San Pedro de Huaca 6,856 71 Huaca
Tulcán 77,175 1,801 Tulcán

Chimborazo Province[edit]

Canton Pop. (2001) Area (km²) Seat/Capital
Alausí 42,823 1,644 Alausí
Chambo 10,541 163 Chambo
Chunchi 12,474 273 Chunchi
Colta 44,701 829 Cajabamba (a.k.a. Villa la Unión)
Cumandá 9,395 159 Cumandá
Guamote 35,210 1,216 Guamote
Guano 37,888 460 Guano
Pallatanga 10,800 377 Pallatanga
Penipe 6,485 370 Penipe
Riobamba 193,315 980 Riobamba

Cotopaxi Province[edit]

Canton Pop. (2001) Area (km²) Seat/Capital
La Maná 32,115 647 La Maná
Latacunga 143,979 1,377 Latacunga
Pangua 19,877 715 El Corazón
Pujilí 60,728 1,289 Pujilí
Salcedo 51,304 484 San Miguel
Saquisilí 20,815 206 Saquisilí
Sigchos 20,722 1,267 Sigchos

El Oro Province[edit]

Canton Pop. (2001) Area (km²) Seat/Capital
Arenillas 22,477 803 Arenillas
Atahualpa 5,479 278 Paccha
Balsas 5,348 69 Balsas
Chilla 2,665 328 Chilla
El Guabo 41,078 603 El Guabo
Huaquillas 40,285 72 Huaquillas
Las Lajas 4,781 297 La Victoria
Machala 217,696 338 Machala
Marcabelí 4,930 147 Marcabelí
Pasaje 62,959 452 Pasaje
Piñas 23,246 615 Piñas
Portovelo 11,024 282 Portovelo
Santa Rosa 60,388 889 Santa Rosa
Zaruma 23,407 645 Zaruma

Esmeraldas Province[edit]

Canton Pop. (2001) Area (km²) Seat/Capital
Atacames 30,267 511 Atacames
Eloy Alfaro 33,403 4,302 Valdez
Esmeraldas 157,792 1,351 Esmeraldas
Muisne 25,080 1,265 Muisne
Quinindé 88,337 3,855 Rosa Zárate (a.k.a. Quinindé)
Río Verde 22,164 1,506 Rioverde
San Lorenzo 28,180 3,106 San Lorenzo

Galápagos Province[edit]

Canton Pop. (2001) Area (km²) Seat/Capital
Isabela 1,619 5,368 Puerto Villamil
San Cristóbal 5,633 849 Puerto Baquerizo Moreno
Santa Cruz 11,388 1,794 Puerto Ayora

Guayas Province[edit]

Canton Pop. (2001) Area (km²) Seat/Capital
Alfredo Baquerizo Moreno (Jujan) 19,982 216 Alfredo Baquerizo Moreno (a.k.a. Jujan)
Balao 17,262 465 Balao
Balzar (San Jacinto de Balzar) 48,470 1,173 Balzar
Colimes 21,049 758 Colimes
Coronel Marcelino Maridueña 11,054 255 Coronel Marcelino Maridueña
Daule 85,148 462 Daule
Durán 178,714 339 Durán
El Empalme 64,789 711 El Empalme (a.k.a. Velasco Ibarra)
El Triunfo 34,117 389 El Triunfo
General Antonio Elizalde (Bucay) 8,696 152 General Antonio Elizalde (a.k.a. Bucay)
Guayaquil 2,039,789 5,237 Guayaquil
Isidro Ayora 8,226 492 Isidro Ayora
Lomas de Sargentillo 14,194 67 Lomas de Sargentillo
Milagro 140,103 401 Milagro
Naranjal 53,482 2,015 Naranjal
Naranjito 31,756 226 Naranjito
Nobol 14,753 128 Nobol (a.k.a. Narcisa de Jesús)
Palestina 14,067 194 Palestina
Pedro Carbo 36,711 927 Pedro Carbo
Playas (General Villamil Playas) 30,045 269 Playas (a.k.a. General Villamil Playas)
Salitre (was Urbina Jado) 50,379 390 El Salitre
Samborondón 45,476 388 Samborondón
Santa Lucía 33,868 348 Santa Lucía
Simón Bolívar 20,385 289 Simón Bolívar
La Troncal 44,268 324 La Troncal
Yaguachi 47,630 512 Yaguachi (San Jacinto de Yaguachi)

Imbabura Province[edit]

Canton Pop. (2001) Area (km²) Seat/Capital
Antonio Ante 36,053 81 Atuntaqui
Cotacachi 37,215 1,726 Cotacachi
Ibarra 153,256 1,093 Ibarra
Otavalo 90,188 500 Otavalo
Pimampiro 12,951 437 Pimampiro
San Miguel de Urcuquí 14,381 779 Urcuquí

Loja Province[edit]

Canton Pop. (2001) Area (km²) Seat/Capital
Calvas 27,604 839 Cariamanga
Catamayo 27,000 646 Catamayo
Celica 13,358 518 Celica
Chaguarpamba 7,898 311 Chaguarpamba
Espíndola 15,750 514 Amaluza (Espíndola)
Gonzanamá 14,987 693 Gonzanamá
Loja 175,077 1,881 Loja
Macará 18,350 575 Macará
Olmedo 5,707 112 Olmedo
Paltas 24,703 1,145 Catacocha
Pindal 7,351 200 Pindal
Puyango 15,505 634 Alamor
Quilanga 4,582 235 Quilanga
Saraguro 28,029 1,075 Saraguro
Sozoranga 7,994 410 Sozoranga
Zapotillo 10,940 1,209 Zapotillo

Los Ríos Province[edit]

Canton Pop. (2001) Area (km²) Seat/Capital
Baba 35,185 516 Baba
Babahoyo 132,824 1,076 Babahoyo
Buena Fé 47,361 569 San Jacinto de Buena Fe
Mocache 33,481 562 Mocache
Montalvo 20,067 362 Montalvo
Palenque 20,658 570 Palenque
Pueblo Viejo 29,420 338 Puebloviejo
Quevedo 139,790 303 Quevedo
Quinsaloma     Quinsaloma
Urdaneta 25,812 377 Catarama
Valencia 32,870 980 Valencia
Ventanas 71,145 806 Ventanas
Vinces 61,565 693 Vinces

Manabí Province[edit]

Canton Pop. (2001) Area (km²) Seat/Capital
Bolívar 35,627 537 Calceta
Chone 117,634 3,017 Chone
El Carmen 69,998 1,245 El Carmen
Flavio Alfaro 25,390 1,343 Flavio Alfaro
Jama 20,230 575 Jama
Jaramijó 11,967 97 Jaramijó
Jipijapa 65,796 1,401 Jipijapa
Junín 18,491 246 Junín
Manta 192,322 309 Manta
Montecristi 43,400 734 Montecristi
Olmedo 9,243 253 Olmedo
Paján 35,952 1,079 Paján
Pedernales 46,876 1,932 Pedernales
Pichincha 29,945 1,067 Pichincha
Portoviejo 238,430 955 Portoviejo
Puerto López 16,626 420 Puerto López
Rocafuerte 29,321 280 Rocafuerte
San Vicente 19,116 718 San Vicente
Santa Ana 45,287 1,022 Santa Ana
Sucre 52,158 764 Bahía de Caráquez
Tosagua 33,922 377 Tosagua
Veinticuatro de Mayo 28,294 524 Sucre

Morona-Santiago Province[edit]

Canton Pop. (2001) Area (km²) Seat/Capital
Gualaquiza 15,288 2,203 Gualaquiza
Huamboya 5,965 653 Huamboya
Limón Indanza 10,192 2,101 General Leonidas Plaza Gutiérrez
Logroño 4,621 1,218 Logroño
Morona 31,379 5,095 Macas
Pablo Sexto 1,188 1,371 Pablo Sexto
Palora 6,317 1,436 Palora
San Juan Bosco 3,131 1,047 San Juan Bosco
Santiago de Méndez (Santiago) 9,841 1,691 Santiago de Méndez (Santiago)
Sucúa 14,412 893 Sucúa
Taisha 13,078 6,090 Taisha
Tiwintza     Santiago

Napo Province[edit]

Canton Pop. (2001) Area (km²) Seat/Capital
Archidona 18,551 3,029 Archidona
Carlos Julio Arosemena Tola 2,943 501 Carlos Julio Arosemena Tola
El Chaco 6,133 3,473 El Chaco
Quijos 5,505 1,577 Baeza
Tena 46,007 3,904 Tena

Orellana Province[edit]

Canton Pop. (2001) Area (km²) Seat/Capital
Aguarico 4,658 11,358 Nueva Rocafuerte
Francisco de Orellana 42,010 6,995 Puerto Francisco de Orellana (a.k.a. Coca)
Joya de los Sachas 26,363 1,195 La Joya de los Sachas
Loreto 13,462 2,127 Loreto

Pastaza Province[edit]

Canton Pop. (2001) Area (km²) Seat/Capital
Arajuno 5,150 8,767 Arajuno
Mera 8,088 520 Mera
Pastaza 45,512 19,727 Puyo
Santa Clara 3,029 311 Santa Clara

Pichincha Province[edit]

Canton Pop. (2001) Area (km²) Seat/Capital
Cayambe 69,800 1,189 Cayambe
Mejía 62,888 1,476 Machachi
Pedro Moncayo 25,594 336 Tabacundo
Pedro Vicente Maldonado 9,965 620 Pedro Vicente Maldonado
Puerto Quito 17,100 683 Puerto Quito
Quito 1,839,853 4,183 Quito
Rumiñahui 65,882 139 Sangolquí
San Miguel de Los Bancos 10,717 839 San Miguel de los Bancos

Santa Elena Province[edit]

Canton Pop. (2001) Area (km²) Seat/Capital
La Libertad 77,646 25 La Libertad
Salinas 49,572 69 Salinas
Santa Elena 111,671 3,669 Santa Elena

Santo Domingo de los Tsáchilas Province[edit]

Canton Pop. (2001) Area (km²) Seat/Capital
Santo Domingo de los Colorados (Santo Domingo) 287,018 3,805 Santo Domingo de los Colorados
La Concordia     La Concordia

Sucumbíos Province[edit]

Canton Pop. (2001) Area (km²) Seat/Capital
Cascales 7,409 1,248 El Dorado de Cascales
Cuyabeno 6,643 3875 Tarapoa
Gonzalo Pizarro 6,964 2,223 Lumbaqui
Lago Agrio 66,788 3,139 Nueva Loja (Lago Agrio)
Putumayo 6,171 3,559 Puerto Carmen
Shushufindi 32,184 2,463 Shushufindi
Sucumbíos 2,836 1,502 La Bonita

Tungurahua Province[edit]

Canton Pop. (2001) Area (km²) Seat/Capital
Ambato 287,282 1,009 Ambato (San Juan de Ambato)
Baños 16,112 1,065 Baños de Agua Santa (Baños de Agua Santa)
Cevallos 6,873 19 Cevallos
Mocha 6,371 86 Mocha
Patate 11,771 315 Patate
Pelileo 48,988 202 Pelileo (San Pedro de Pelileo)
Píllaro 34,925 443 Píllaro (Santiago de Píllaro)
Quero 18,187 173 Quero (Santiago de Quero)
Tisaleo 10,525 59 Tisaleo

Zamora-Chinchipe Province[edit]

Canton Pop. (2001) Area (km²) Seat/Capital
Centinela del Cóndor 7,230 519 Zumbi
Chinchipe 8,495 1,194 Zumba
El Pangui 7,441 614 El Pangui
Nangaritza 4,797 2,096 Guayzimi (Nangaritza)
Palanda 7,066 1,925 Palanda
Paquisha     Paquisha
Yacuambi 5,229 1,242 Yacuambi
Yantzaza 14,552 990 Yantzaza
Zamora 21,791 1,876 Zamora

No provinces[edit]

Three cantons are not part of any province.

Authorities[edit]

In each canton there is a jefe político, chosen by, and representing the interests of, the president. There are also a mayor (alcalde) and a municipal council (concejo municipal), chosen by popular vote.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ presidencia.gob.ec (ed.). "De 221 cantones de la Patria, en 198 vence la Revolución Ciudadana".