Cantons of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina
The cantons of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Bosnian: kantoni, Croatian: županije, Serbian: кантони) are the members states of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, one of the two political entities of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The ten cantons were established by the Law on Federal Units (Cantons) on 12 June 1996.
The cantons of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina were created by the Law on Federal Units (Cantons) of 1996, which was based on the Bosniak-Croat Washington Agreement. The cantons consist of municipalities (singular: općina, општина; plural: općine, општине). A canton has its own government headed by the Prime minister. The Prime minister has his own cabinet, and is assisted in his duties by various cantonal ministries, agencies, and cantonal or county services. Five of the cantons (Una-Sana, Tuzla, Zenica-Doboj, Bosnian Podrinje, and Sarajevo) have a Bosniak majority, three (Posavina, West Herzegovina, and West Bosnia) have Bosnian Croat majority, while two of them (Central Bosnia and Herzegovina-Neretva) are 'ethnically mixed', meaning there are special legislative procedures for the protection of the political interests of the constituent ethnic groups. The most populous canton is Tuzla Canton while Canton 10 (or Herzeg-Bosnia County) is the largest by size.
|No.||Abbr||English name||Bosnian name||Croatian name||Center||Population
|1||USK||Una-Sana Canton||Unsko-sanski kanton||Unsko-sanska županija||Bihać||299,343||4,125.0||69.8||8|
|Posavina Canton||Posavski kanton||Županija Posavska||Orašje||48,089||324.6||124.8||3|
|3||TK||Tuzla Canton||Tuzlanski kanton||Tuzlanska županija||Tuzla||477,278||2,649.0||187.9||13|
|4||ZDK||Zenica-Doboj Canton||Zeničko-dobojski kanton||Zeničko-dobojska županija||Zenica||385,067||3,334.3||119.9||12|
|5||BPK||Bosnia-Podrinje Canton Goražde||Bosansko-podrinjski kanton Goražde||Bosansko-podrinjska županija Goražde||Goražde||25,336||504.6||65.8||3|
|Central Bosnia Canton||Srednjobosanski kanton||Županija Središnja Bosna||Travnik||273,149||3,189||80.2||12|
|Herzegovina-Neretva Canton||Hercegovačko-neretvanski kanton||Hercegovačko-neretvanska županija||Mostar||236,278||4,401||51.5||9|
|West Herzegovina Canton||Zapadnohercegovački kanton||Županija Zapadnohercegovačka||Široki Brijeg||97,893||1,362.2||60.1||4|
|9||KS||Sarajevo Canton||Kanton Sarajevo||Sarajevska županija||Sarajevo||438,443||1,276.9||329.9||9|
|Canton 10||Kanton 10, Livanjski kanton||Hercegbosanska županija||Livno||90,727||4,934.9||16.5||6|
|FBiH||Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina||Federacija Bosne i Hercegovine||Federacija Bosne i Hercegovine||Sarajevo||2,371,603||26,110.0||89.1||79|
There are a number of propositions for the reorganization of the Federation, ranging from decreasing the number of cantons, establishing new federal units on the state level, to the exchange of jurisdiction between the cantons and the Federation.  However, this question requires a high level of political agreement, especially between the Bosniak and Croat political parties, since it would necessarily include changing the federal constitution. For a constitutional law to pass, it has to obtain the support of the majority of the representatives and delegates in both chambers of the Federal parliament, including the majority of Croat and Bosniak delegates in the House of Peoples.