Cantons of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Map showing cantons or counties of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

The 10 cantons of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina serve as the second-level units of local autonomy and federal units of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, one of the two political entities of Bosnia and Herzegovina.[1]

The other political entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Republika Srpska, has a centralized government and is divided directly into 63 municipalities. Finally, the ethnically diverse Brčko District is a division of its own under the direct jurisdiction of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Cantons[edit]

The cantons or counties of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina were created by the Bosniak-Croat Washington Agreement of 1994. Their present boundaries were defined by the Dayton Agreement in 1995. The cantons or counties consist of municipalities (singular: općina, општина; plural: općine, општине). A canton or a county has its own government headed by the Premier. The Premier has his own cabinet, and is assisted in his duties by various cantonal ministries, agencies, and cantonal or county services. Five of the cantons or counties (Una-Sana, Tuzla, Zenica-Doboj, Bosnian Podrinje, and Sarajevo) have a Bosniak majority, three (Posavina, West Herzegovina, and West Bosnia) have Bosnian Croat majority, and two (Central Bosnia and Herzegovina-Neretva) are 'ethnically mixed', meaning there are special legislative procedures for protection of the constituent ethnic groups.

Coat of
arms
No. Abbr English name Bosnian name Croatian name Center Population
(2013 census)
Area (km2) Density Municipalities
Coat of arms of Una-Sana.svg 1 USK Una-Sana Canton Unsko-sanski kanton Unsko-sanska županija Bihać 299,343 4,125.0 69.8 8
Coat of arms of Posavina.svg 2 PK
ŽP
Posavina Canton Posavski kanton Županija Posavska Orašje 48,089 324.6 124.8 3
Coat of arms of Tuzla Canton.svg 3 TK Tuzla Canton Tuzlanski kanton Tuzlanska županija Tuzla 477,278 2,649.0 187.9 13
Coat of arms of Zenica-Doboj Canton.svg 4 ZDK Zenica-Doboj Canton Zeničko-dobojski kanton Zeničko-dobojska županija Zenica 385,067 3,334.3 119.9 12
Coat of arms of Bosnian Podrinje.svg 5 BPK Bosnia-Podrinje Canton Goražde Bosansko-podrinjski kanton Goražde Bosansko-podrinjska županija Goražde Goražde 25,336 504.6 65.8 3
Coat of arms of Central Bosnia.svg 6 SBK
KSB
Central Bosnia Canton Srednjobosanski kanton Županija Središnja Bosna Travnik 273,149 3,189 80.2 12
Coat of arms of Herzegovina-Neretva.svg 7 HNK
HNŽ
Herzegovina-Neretva Canton Hercegovačko-neretvanski kanton Hercegovačko-neretvanska županija Mostar 236,278 4,401 51.5 9
Coat of arms of the Croatian Republic of Herzeg-Bosnia.svg 8 ŽHZ
ZHK
West Herzegovina Canton Zapadnohercegovački kanton Županija Zapadnohercegovačka Široki Brijeg 97,893 1,362.2 60.1 4
Coat of arms of Sarajevo Canton.svg 9 KS Sarajevo Canton Kanton Sarajevo Sarajevska županija Sarajevo 438,443 1,276.9 329.9 9
No coats of arms.svg 10 K10
HBŽ
Canton 10 Kanton 10, Livanjski kanton Hercegbosanska županija Livno 90,727 4,934.9 16.5 6
Coat of arms of Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg FBiH Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina Federacija Bosne i Hercegovine Federacija Bosne i Hercegovine Sarajevo 2,371,603 26,110.0 89.1 79

Possible reorganisation[edit]

Present Government of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, led by Nermin Nikšić, is planning a major reorganization of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. This reorganization includes the abolition of 6 cantons, Canton 10, West Herzegovina Canton, Herzegovina-Neretva Canton, Central Bosnia Canton, Zenica-Doboj Canton and Bosnian Podrinje Canton. Canton 10, West Herzegovina Canton and Herzegovina-Neretva Canton would unite into a single Herzegovina Canton, while Central Bosnia Canton, Zenica-Doboj Canton and Bosnian Podrinje Canton would join the Sarajevo Canton.[2]

Also, President of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Živko Budimir announced possible creation of Posavina district. Similar as existing Brčko District, which would bring political, economicall and social stability into this region, as he stated.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ In Bosnian they are called kantoni, and кантони in Serbian.
  2. ^ Osmović, M. (19 April 2012). "Sprema se ukidanje pet županija!". Dnevni list (in Croatian). Retrieved 22 April 2012. 
  3. ^ "Hrvata u RS više gotovo i nema, a u Federaciji nisu ravnopravan narod" (in Croatian). Hrvatska riječ. 30 November 2011. Retrieved 21 April 2012.