Canute II of Sweden

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Canute II "the Tall"
CanuteIISweden.jpg
Coin bearing the effigy of Canute II
King of Sweden
Reign 1229 – 1234
Predecessor Eric XI
Successor Eric XI
Spouse Helena Pedersdatter Strange
Issue Holmger Knutsson
Philip Knutsson
Full name
Swedish: Knut Långe till Sko; Knut Holmgersson
House House of Eric
Father Holmger
Mother Christina Bjornsdatter
Died 1234

Canute II the Tall (Swedish: Knut Långe till Sko; Knut Holmgersson), was King of Sweden from 1229 until his death in 1234. His father Holmger[1] was called a "nepos" of King Canute I of Sweden, which usually meant nephew. It can thus be assumed that Canute II was a grandnephew of King Canute I. He would then have been a great-grandson of King Eric the Saint; legends give Philip Ericson, King Eric's youngest son, as the father of Holmger, Canute's father. Canute was closely allied with Folkungs, who wanted to limit the powers of the church and king.

Canute was a member of the council that ruled Sweden from 1222 to 1229, during the early reign of Eric XI. In 1229 Eric was overthrown after the Battle of Olustra in Södermanland. Canute was crowned in 1231, but his time in office was short. After his death Eric returned and ruled until his own death in 1250.

Canute was married to Helena, whose parentage and date of death vary between researchers. One source alleges that she died before 1227, and that she was the daughter of jarl Folke Birgersson. Both of their sons—Holmger (d. 1248) and Philip (d. 1251)—died in the Folkung uprisings fighting against Birger Jarl.[2]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Lars O. Lagerqvist & Nils Åberg Litet lexikon över Sveriges regenter Vincent förlag, Boda kyrkby 2004 ISBN 91-87064-43-X, p. 14
  2. ^ Anteckningar om svenska qvinnor This source (in Swedish) follows old legends and romantic genealogies without modern criticism.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Adolfsson, Mats När borgarna brann - svenska uppror (Stockholm: Natur och kultur, 2007)
  • Larsson, Mats G. Götarnas riken : upptäcktsfärder ill Sveriges enande (Bokförlaget Atlantis AB. 2002) ISBN 978-91-7486-641-4
Knut Långe
Died: 1234
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Eric XI
King of Sweden
1229–1234
Succeeded by
Eric XI