Canyon County, Idaho

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Canyon County, Idaho
Seal of Canyon County, Idaho
Seal
Map of Idaho highlighting Canyon County
Location in the state of Idaho
Map of the United States highlighting Idaho
Idaho's location in the U.S.
Founded March 7, 1891
Seat Caldwell
Largest city Nampa
Area
 • Total 604 sq mi (1,564 km2)
 • Land 590 sq mi (1,528 km2)
 • Water 14 sq mi (36 km2), 2.28
Population
 • (2010) 188,923
 • Density 320/sq mi (124/km²)
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Mountain: UTC-7/-6
Website www.canyoncounty.org

Canyon County is a county located in the U.S. state of Idaho. At the 2010 Census, the county had a population of 188,923.[1] The county seat is Caldwell,[2] and its largest city is Nampa.[citation needed]. Canyon County is part of the Boise City–Nampa, Idaho Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Hudson's Bay Company established Fort Boise in 1834 near what is now Parma, but abandoned it in 1855. Migrants traveled through Canyon County on the Oregon Trail.[3] The Oregon Short Line Railroad was completed in the area in 1883.

The county was established on March 7, 1891, with its county seat at Caldwell. Partitioned from Ada County, it originally included Payette County (1917) and the southern portion of Gem County (1915). Some sources attribute the name to the canyon of the Boise River near Caldwell, while western writers John Rees and Vardis Fisher believed it was named for the Snake River canyon, which forms a natural boundary with Owyhee County to the south and west.

Geography[edit]

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 603.51 square miles (1,563.1 km2), of which 589.72 square miles (1,527.4 km2) (or 97.72%) is land and 13.79 square miles (35.7 km2) (or 2.28%) is water.[4]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected areas[edit]

Highways[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 7,497
1910 25,323 237.8%
1920 26,932 6.4%
1930 30,930 14.8%
1940 40,987 32.5%
1950 53,597 30.8%
1960 57,662 7.6%
1970 61,288 6.3%
1980 83,756 36.7%
1990 90,076 7.5%
2000 131,441 45.9%
2010 188,923 43.7%
Est. 2012 193,888 2.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
2012 Estimate[6]

At the 2000 census,[7] there were 131,441 people, 45,018 households and 33,943 families residing in the county. The population density was 223/square mile (86/square km). There were 47,965 housing units at an average density of 81/square mile (31/square km). The racial makeup of the county was 83.10% White, 0.32% Black or African American, 0.85% Native American, 0.80% Asian, 0.13% Pacific Islander, 12.17% from other races, and 2.62% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 18.61% of the population. 15.9% were of German, 12.7% English, 10.3% American and 7.6% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 45,018 households of which 39.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.70% were married couples living together, 10.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.60% were non-families. 19.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.85 and the average family size was 3.28.

30.90% of the population were under the age of 18, 10.70% from 18 to 24, 28.30% from 25 to 44, 19.10% from 45 to 64, and 11.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 98.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.30 males.

The median household income was $35,884 and the median family income was $40,377. Males had a median income of $29,418 vcompared with $22,044 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,155. About 8.70% of families and 12.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.50% of those under age 18 and 10.70% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Name Population
(2010)
Population
(2000)
Population
(1990)
Population
(1980)
Elevation
Nampa 81,557 51,867 28,365 25,112 2,516 ft (767 m)
Caldwell 46,237 25,967 18,400 17,669 2,375 ft (724 m)
Middleton 5,524 2,978 1,851 1,901 2,398 ft (731 m)
Parma 1,983 1,771 1,597 1,820 2,231 ft (680 m)
Wilder 1,533 1,462 1,232 1,260 2,428 ft (740 m)
Greenleaf 846 862 648 663 2,411 ft (735 m)
Notus 531 458 380 437 2,316 ft (706 m)
Melba 513 439 252 276 2,667 ft (813 m)

Unincorporated communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ QuickFacts, Canyon County, United States Census Bureau, 2010. Accessed December 10, 2011
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Idaho.gov - about Idaho - Canyon Co. accessed May 3, 2009
  4. ^ "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved February 13, 2011. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved July 25, 2013. 
  6. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved July 25, 2013. 
  7. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 43°38′N 116°43′W / 43.63°N 116.71°W / 43.63; -116.71