The Cape Argus front page of 21 July 2009
|Owner(s)||Independent News and Media|
|Headquarters||Newspaper House, Cape Town, South Africa|
|Sister newspapers||Cape Times|
Although not the first English-language newspaper in Southern African the Cape Argus was the first locally to use the telegraph for news gathering.
As of 2012, the Argus had a daily readership of 294 000, according to the South African Advertising Research Foundation's All Media Products Survey (Amps) Newspaper Readership and Trends. Its circulation for the first quarter of 2013 was 33 247.
The Cape Argus was founded on 3 January 1857, by the partners Saul Solomon, Richard William Murray ("Limner") and Bryan Henry Darnell. However, political differences immediately surfaced between the partners. Saul Solomon was a radical supporter of multi-racial democracy, women's rights and the local "responsible government" movement; while his two partners were virulently pro-imperialist. As the Responsible Government movement grew in the Cape, the reactionary and pro-British views of Murray and Darnell became increasingly unpopular and alienated the Cape Argus readership. Saul Solomon, as MP for Cape Town, had also become the most powerful figure in the new Cape Parliament. Eventually, in 1859-62, Murray and Darnell sold their remaining shares and departed for the Transvaal.
Saul Solomon, now the sole owner of the Argus, through Saul Solomon & Co., threw the newspaper entirely behind responsible government and support for non-racialism. He was immensely influential in building and shaping the company, which quickly became the leading newspaper of the Cape, overtaking the "Commercial Advertiser" of John Fairbairn.
In later life, Solomon gradually withdrew from business. Sir Thomas Ekins Fuller, his editor from 1864–73, was replaced by Francis Dormer (with Edmund Powell as sub-editor), and in 1880 Solomon retired completely after the tragic drowning of his 5 year old daughter, which caused a collapse in his health. When his sons then mismanaged the business, Solomon took back the beleaguered company and sold it to his editor Francis Dormer, as the Argus Printing and Publishing Company, in 1886.
In December 1969, the paper was renamed The Argus, however the change was unpopular and the name was reverted to The Cape Argus. True to its roots in Saul Solomon's liberalism, the paper was a prominent voice of opposition against the dominant National Party during the Apartheid years.
|October - December 12||32 337|
|July - September 12||33 006|
|April - June 12||35 332|
|January - March 12||40 243|
|January 12 - December 12||294 000|
|July 11 - June 12||288 000|
- SAARF AMPS Readership and Trends for 2012
- the Audit Bureau of Circulation
- "Argus appoints new editor". Cape Argus/IOL. Retrieved September 3, 2013.
- "Abarder leaves Cape Argus: the latest in an unprecedented run of editorship changes in SA" (April 18, 2013) Grubstreet.co.za
- Cape Argus - About Us
- "ACHIEVEMENTS: The Cape Argus is among the Most Awarded Newspapers"
- "Cape Argus Changes its Name"
- F. Wallis (2000) Nuusdagboek: feite en fratse oor 1000 jaar, Kaapstad, Human & Rousseau
- "Cape Argus Website". Retrieved 19 June 2013.
- "Audit Bureau of Circulations of South Africa". ABC. Retrieved 2013-06-20.
- "AMPS Presentations". www.saarf.co.za. Retrieved 2013-06-20.
- "SAARF". SAARF. Retrieved 2013-06-20.
- Morris, Michael, Paging through History 150 years with the Cape Argus, Jonathan Ball Publishers, 2007, ISBN 978-1-86842-277-7