Cape Elizabeth Lights

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Cape Elizabeth Lights
Cape-elizabeth-light.jpg
Coordinates 43°33′57.846″N 70°12′.209″W / 43.56606833°N 70.20005806°W / 43.56606833; -70.20005806Coordinates: 43°33′57.846″N 70°12′.209″W / 43.56606833°N 70.20005806°W / 43.56606833; -70.20005806
Year first constructed 1828
Year first lit 1874 (current tower)
Automated 1963
Deactivated West tower was deactivated in 1924
Foundation Stone
Construction Cast iron
Tower shape Conical tower attached to entrance tower; East tower conical without lantern
Markings / pattern White with black trim, East Tower White.
Focal height 129 feet (39 m)
Original lens 2nd order Fresnel lens
Current lens VRB-25
Range 15 nautical miles (28 km; 17 mi)
Characteristic Fl W(4) 15s
Fog signal HORN: 2 every 60s
Admiralty number J0208
ARLHS number USA-113
USCG number

1-60[1][2][3]

Two Lights
Location Cape Elizabeth, Maine
Built 1874
Architectural style Gothic Revival
Governing body US COAST GUARD
NRHP Reference # 74000167[4]
Added to NRHP December 27, 1974

Cape Elizabeth Light also known as Two Lights is a lighthouse in Cape Elizabeth, Maine. Only the eastern tower of the two that made up the light station until 1924 is active. The western tower is deactivated, but it is still standing and is privately owned. The facility is adjacent to Two Lights State Park, a 41-acre (17 ha) state facility which allows a view of and access to the grounds of the lighthouse. Until recently, the light used a second-order Fresnel lens.

Cape Elizabeth Light was added to the National Register of Historic Places as Two Lights on December 27, 1974, reference number 74000167.

History[edit]

The area is known as "Two Lights" due to the history of the station. It was originally built in 1828 as two rubble stone towers 300 yards (270 m) apart. Steam-driven warning whistles were installed in the twin towers in 1869, the first used in North America. In 1874, both structures were replaced by conical towers made of cast-iron, each 67 feet (20 m) high and 129 feet (39 m) above sea level. Despite its twin beacons, Cape Elizabeth witnessed many shipwrecks. In January 1885, during a raging snowstorm, keeper Marcus A. Hanna made a daring rescue of two seamen from the schooner Australia, which had run aground on a nearby ledge.

The use of multiple lights in a given site was discontinued in 1924. The western light was removed from service, and eventually sold to a private party in the 1970s. The eastern tower remains in service as "Cape Elizabeth Light."

From Coast Guard web site[edit]

The western tower, as well as the whistle house of the eastern tower

General Information:

Two rubble stone towers were first erected on Cape Elizabeth in 1828 at a cost of $4,250. President John Quincy Adams appointed Elisha Jordan as the first keeper in October 1828 at a salary of $450 per year. In 1855 Fresnel lenses were installed and in 1869 a giant steam whistle was set up for use in foggy weather. In 1873 the rubble towers were taken down and two cast-iron edifices erected, 300 yards (270 m) apart. One was a fixed and one a flashing light. A fog siren replaced the locomotive whistle.

One of the most thrilling episodes in the history of the lighthouse occurred on January 28, 1885, when Keeper Marcus A. Hanna saved two crew members of the schooner Australia which had run aground on the ledge near the fog signal station. The two men had taken to the rigging and were coated with ice, unable to move. The captain was drowned as a huge comber washed the deck. Keeper Hanna, securing a heavy iron weight to the end of a stout line, attempted time and again to reach the men with it. Suddenly a towering wave struck the schooner and smashed her against the rocks, putting her on her beam ends.

Casco Bay entrance.

Keeper Hanna again threw his line and watched it land on the schooner. One of the seamen managed to reach it and bent it around his waist. Then he jumped into the sea and the keeper, with great effort, pulled him up over the rocky ledge. The keeper now heaved the line a second time and finally it reached the second seaman who wound it around his icy body. Then he too jumped into the ocean. Just as the keeper’s strength was exhausted in trying to haul ashore the second man, help came in the shape of the keeper’s assistant and two neighbors, who helped haul the man to safety.

References[edit]

  1. ^ United States Coast Guard (2009). Light List, Volume I, Atlantic Coast, St. Croix River, Maine to Shrewsbury River, New Jersey. p. 1. 
  2. ^ "Historic Light Station Information and Photography: Maine". United States Coast Guard Historian's Office. 2009-08-08. 
  3. ^ Rowlett, Russ (2009-10-03). "Lighthouses of the United States: Southern Maine". The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. 
  4. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13.