Cape Grim

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Map of Tasmania.

Cape Grim is the northwestern point of Tasmania, Australia.

Discovered and named Cape Grim by Matthew Flinders on 7 December 1798, as he sailed from the East in the Norfolk and found a long swell coming from the South-west, confirming for the first time that Van Diemen's Land was separated from the Australian mainland by a strait which he named Bass Strait.[1]

Cape Grim, looking North. Doungboys on the left, Trefoil Island in middle distance, Hunter Island and Three Hummock Island beyond to the right.

It is the location of the Cape Grim Baseline Air Pollution Station [2] which is operated by the Australian Bureau of Meteorology [3] in a joint programme with the CSIRO. The Station was established in 1976 and has been operating ever since.

What makes Cape Grim unique is its isolated geographic location. The next land mass directly west of Cape Grim is not Africa, but the southern tip of Argentina. Winds that make their way to Cape Grim from Antarctica and the Indian Ocean hit no significant land mass. Air pollution values collected at Cape Grim represent the closest representation attainable of a global average.[citation needed]

In 1828 Victory Hill at Cape Grim was the site of the Cape Grim massacre of 30 aborigines from the Pennemukeer band of the North West tribe by four shepherds in response to sheep being driven over the cliff six weeks earlier by the Peerapper band.[4]

Coordinates: 40°41′0″S 144°41′42″E / 40.68333°S 144.69500°E / -40.68333; 144.69500[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ernest Scott, p138, The Life of Captain Matthew Flinders, R.N., Angus & Robertson, 1914.
  2. ^ Cape Grim: Cape Grim Baseline Air Pollution Station (Tas) (Profile - Facility)
  3. ^ The Cape Grim Program
  4. ^ Lyndall Ryan, pp135-137, The Aboriginal Tasmanians, Allen & Unwin, 1996, ISBN 1-86373-965-3
  5. ^ "Cape Grim Baseline Air Pollution Station".