Cape Meares National Wildlife Refuge
|Cape Meares National Wildlife Refuge|
IUCN category IV (habitat/species management area)
Cape Meares as seen from nearby beach
|Location||Tillamook County, Oregon, USA|
|Nearest city||Cape Meares|
|Area||138.51 acres (56 ha) |
|Governing body||U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service|
Cape Meares National Wildlife Refuge is a National Wildlife Refuge of the Oregon Coast. It is one of six National Wildlife Refuges in the Oregon Coast National Wildlife Refuge Complex. Located on Cape Meares, the refuge was established in 1938 to protect a remnant of coastal old-growth forest and the surrounding habitat used by breeding seabirds. The area provides a home for several threatened bird species, including marbled murrelets, bald eagles and peregrine falcons. Peregrines, once at the brink of extinction, have nested here since 1987. The refuge, with the exception of the Oregon Coast Trail, was designated a Research Natural Area in 1987.
The Cape Meares Light, which marked the cape at night from 1890 until 1963, is now open to the public. Three Arch Rocks National Wildlife Refuge and Oregon Islands National Wildlife Refuge are easily seen from the cape. It is the only point in the United States from which three refuges can be seen at the same time.
The Oregon Coast Trail passes through the center of this headland and interpretive displays along the trail describe the varied wildlife. From this trail, it is possible to see migrating gray whales, three species of scoters, western grebes, and common loons. A wildlife viewing deck, part of the Cape Meares State Scenic Viewpoint, provides views of the refuge's sea cliffs and inshore islands. In season, visitors can see the aerie of a nesting peregrine falcon pair. Each spring thousands of seabirds return to nest on the cliffs. Species that can be seen are brants, pelagic cormorants, common murres, tufted puffins, pigeon guillemots, western gulls, and black oystercatchers. This state park has 3 miles (4.8 km) of hiking trails and a 1-mile (1.6 km) walking trail through the forest of sitka spruce and western hemlock.
The Cape Meares Giant
Some of the trees on the refuge are hundreds of years old and more than 200 feet (61 m) tall. The Cape Meares Giant, a sitka spruce, is of special interest. After the Great Coastal Gale of 2007 killed the Klootchy Creek Giant, once considered the largest sitka spruce in the world, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) granted a special use permit to Ascending the Giants, a Portland based organization, which allowed them to climb and measure the Cape Meares Giant. Based on the results, the FWS issued a press release in February 2008 that announced that the tree is the largest known Sitka spruce in the state and that it was designated a Oregon Heritage Tree. Oregon's actual largest Sitka Spruce, using a point system, is Falcon's Tower, discovered and measured by Certified Arborist M. D. Vaden. Cape Meares Giant Spruce had only 743 points, whereas Falcon's Tower was documented at 750 points by M. D. Vaden. Falcon's Tower is north of Manzanita, Oregon.
- "Cape Meares National Wildlife Refuge". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey.
- "Annual Report of Lands as of September 30, 2009" (PDF). United States Fish and Wildlife Service.
- "New Champion Sitka Spruce at Cape Meares National Wildlife Refuge" (PDF). U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.
- "Cape Meares National Wildlife Refuge Profile". U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.
- "Cape Meares National Wildlife Refuge". U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.
- "Cape Meares State Scenic Viewpoint". Oregon Parks and Recreation Department.
- "Sitka Spruce Oregon Heritage Tree Site". Clatsop County, Oregon.