The cape consists of granite outcrops which formed 250 million years ago.
In March 2013, a team of scientists and filmmakers joined the ranks of the few human visitors to the misty rain forest atop the Melville Range, a small mountain range on Cape Melville, part of northeastern Australia's Cape York Peninsula.
The fauna and flora found near Cape Melville is diverse and includes several endemic species, including the Foxtail Palm the Cape Melville leaf-tailed gecko, the Cape Melville shade skink and the Blotched boulder-frog.
- "Cape Melville National Park: Nature, culture and history". Department of National Parks, Recreation, Sport and Racing. 10 October 2013. Retrieved 26 October 2013.
- Christine Dell'Amore, National Geographic, October 25, 2013l
- Hoskin, Conrad J.; Couper, Patrick (1 October 2013). "A spectacular new leaf-tailed gecko (Carphodactylidae: Saltuarius) from the Melville Range, north-east Australia". Zootaxa 3717 (4): 543. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.3717.4.6.