Cape Chaunar

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Cape Chaunar
Cabo de Não (Cape Nun)
Cape Chaunar is located in Morocco
Cape Chaunar
Cape Chaunar
Location in Morocco
Coordinates: 28°47′N 11°04′W / 28.783°N 11.067°W / 28.783; -11.067
Country Morocco

Cape Chaunar, Cape Nun, Cap Noun, Cabo de Não or Nant[1] is a cape on the Atlantic coast of Africa, in southern Morocco, between Tarfaya and Sidi Ifni. By the 15th century it was considered insurmountable by Arabs and Europeans, thus resulting its his name meaning cape "no" in Portuguese. Cape Chaunar is the true northern coastal limit of the Sahara desert, although nearby Cape Bojador is frequently mistakenly called this.[2]

History[edit]

The thirteenth century Genovese navigators Vandino and Ugolino Vivaldi may have sailed as far as Cape Non before being lost at sea. It was named Cape de Não ("Cape No") by Portuguese mariners during the fifteenth century, being considered the impassable limit for Arab and European sailors, the non plus ultra beyond which no navigation could occur.[3] "Quem o passa tornará ou não" (those who cross it, return or not), wrote Venetian explorer Alvise Cadamosto in his book "Navigazione".[citation needed] Starting in 1421, exploratory vessels were sent by Prince Henry the Navigator, managing to cross Cape Non and reaching Cape Bojador, then considered the southern limit of the world, stretching into the "dark sea"[4] (Latin Mare Tenebrarum, Mare Tenebrosum or Bahr al-Zulumat in Arabic) the medieval name for the Atlantic Ocean inaccessible to the sailors of the time.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Alexandre Magno de Castilho, "Descripção e roteiro da costa occidental de Africa: desde o cabo de Espartel até o das Agulhas, Volume 1", p.62, Imprensa Nacional, 1866 (description of the western African coast in Portuguese)
  2. ^ Alexandre Magno de Castilho, "Descripção e roteiro da costa occidental de Africa", p.65
  3. ^ John Locke, "The works of John Locke: in nine volumes, Volume 9" The history of navigation, p. 385, Printed for C. and J. Rivington, 1824
  4. ^ William D'Hertburn, Progress and Prosperity: The Old World and Its Remaking Into the New, 1911

Sources[edit]

Coordinates: 28°47′N 11°04′W / 28.783°N 11.067°W / 28.783; -11.067