Cape Trafalgar (Spanish: Cabo Trafalgar [ˈkaβo tɾafalˈɣaɾ], Arabic: رأس طرف الغرب) is a headland in the Province of Cádiz in the south-west of Spain. The 1805 naval Battle of Trafalgar, in which the Royal Navy destroyed Napoleon's combined Spanish and French fleet, took place off the cape.
It lies on the shore of the Atlantic Ocean, northwest of the Strait of Gibraltar at 36°10'58"N, 6°2'2"W. The International Hydrographic Organization defines the Western limit of the strait as a line that joins Cape Trafalgar to the North to Cape Spartel to the south.
The most prominent structure on the cape is a 34-metre-high lighthouse (51 metres above sea level), the faro de Cabo Trafalgar, built in 1860.
In modern Arabic, however, the place is sometimes re-transcribed as al-Taraf al-Aghar (الطرف الأغر).
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- Prof. Joseph E. Garreau, A Cultural Introduction to the Languages of Europe
- Richard Burton, The Arabian Nights (vol. 9)'s footnote 82
- A page of a professor of the Facultad de Filología of the Universidad de Salamanca
- Entry algar, in DRAE dictionary
- Taraf (‘extremity’) derives from the root tarafa (to wink)
- Etymology and Meaning of Trafalgar
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