Capenhurst

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Capenhurst
Holy Trinity Church, Capenhurst.jpg
Holy Trinity Church, Capenhurst
Capenhurst is located in Cheshire
Capenhurst
Capenhurst
 Capenhurst shown within Cheshire
Population 237 (2001 Census)[1]
OS grid reference SJ366739
Civil parish Capenhurst
Unitary authority Cheshire West and Chester
Ceremonial county Cheshire
Region North West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town CHESTER
Postcode district CH1
Dialling code 0151
Police Cheshire
Fire Cheshire
Ambulance North West
EU Parliament North West England
UK Parliament City of Chester
List of places
UK
England
Cheshire

Coordinates: 53°15′29″N 2°57′00″W / 53.258°N 2.950°W / 53.258; -2.950

Capenhurst is a village and civil parish in the unitary authority of Cheshire West and Chester and the ceremonial county of Cheshire, England and located on the Wirral Peninsula to the south west of the town of Ellesmere Port. According to the 2001 Census, Capenhurst had a population of 237.[1]

History[edit]

Capenhurst was a township in Shotwick Parish of the Wirral Hundred and included parts of the hamlets of Dunkirk and Two Mills. The population was 147 in 1801, 148 in 1851, 159 in 1901 and 253 in 1951.[2]

Description[edit]

Capenhurst is home to a uranium enrichment plant owned by Urenco Group. The Capenhurst Technology Park contains EA Technology, previously the Electricity Council Research Centre prior to privatisation of the UK electricity supply industry, and other spin-off companies. Capenhurst has its own railway station, on the Wirral Line of the Merseyrail network. The local amateur football team, Capenhurst Villa, play in the Carlsberg West Cheshire League. The local Rugby Union team play in the South Lancs & Cheshire Division 3. The village also has a Cricket club consisting of two Saturday sides that currently play in Div 3 (1st XI) & 5W (2nd XI) of the Cheshire Cricket Alliance. All three sports teams share the Capenhurst Sports Fields and Pavilion.

Capenhurst tower[edit]

In 1999 the journalist Duncan Campbell published claims that a fifty metre high tower on the premises of the uranium enrichment plant had been used to intercept telephone calls transmitted by microwave between the British Telecom towers at Gwaenysgor, Clwyd, and Pale Heights, near Chester. Campbell claimed that the interception was conducted by the Government Communications Headquarters, GCHQ, initially from a temporary installation on the roof of the plant until commissioning of the tower in 1990.

The main route for phone calls between Ireland and the United Kingdom was via the submarine fibre optic cable UK-Ireland 1, landed at Holyhead, Anglesey, then transmitted by a microwave link. Campbell claimed that calls were monitored by GCHQ until 1998 when the Irish telecommunication system was changed.[3][4]

The tower was demolished in 2004.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b 2001 Census: Capenhurst, Office for National Statistics, retrieved 18 November 2007 
  2. ^ Cheshire Towns & Parishes: Capenhurst, GENUKI UK & Ireland Genealogy, retrieved 23 August 2007 
  3. ^ Campbell, Duncan (16 July 1999), How Britain Eavesdropped on Dublin, The Independent (UK newspaper) / The Center for Public Integrity, retrieved 3 July 2006 
  4. ^ Norton-Taylor, Richard (31 May 2000), Government tapping of phone calls between UK and Ireland challenged, The Guardian (UK newspaper), retrieved 3 July 2006 

External links[edit]