|Service type||Commuter rail|
|Locale||Lower North Island, New Zealand|
|First service||15 April 1991|
|Current operator(s)||KiwiRail Scenic|
|Former operator(s)||CityRail (1991 – 1995)
Tranz Metro (1995 – 2001)
Tranz Scenic (1995 – 2012)
|Ridership||185,472 trips (2008 – 2009)|
|Distance travelled||136 km (85 mi)|
|Average journey time||2 hours, 6 minutes|
|Service frequency||Daily each way (Mon-Fri)
No service Sat, Sun, and Public Holidays
|Class(es)||Standard class only|
Alcove with table
|Catering facilities||On-board café|
|Observation facilities||Large windows in all carriages|
|Baggage facilities||Overhead racks
|Rolling stock||New Zealand DX class locomotives
S class carriages (ex-British Rail Mark 2)
|Track gauge||1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)|
|Operating speed||65 km/h (40 mph) average|
The Capital Connection is a long-distance commuter train between Palmerston North and Wellington on the North Island Main Trunk in New Zealand. It is operated by KiwiRail Scenic Journeys. It started on Monday 15 April 1991 as the Cityrail Express, with "Cityrail EXPRESS Palmerston North - Wellington" emblazoned on carriage sides.
From 1991 to 2001 the train was operated by CityRail then Tranz Metro. In 2001, with the partial sale of Tranz Scenic when Tranz Rail sought to separate its commercial passenger rail operations from its subsidised services, it was transferred to Tranz Scenic.
The train operates Monday-Friday from Palmerston North to Wellington in the morning, returning in the evening.
On Sunday 19 June 1994 a weekend service from Palmerston North to Wellington and return started. The power/baggage van, catering car and 50-seat (alcove-style with tables) day car (ex Masterton) made up the consist. It attracted minimal patronage and was withdrawn in 1994.
Concerns were raised that once the Wellington Metlink metro system was extended north from Paraparaumu to Waikanae, the Capital Connection would lose passengers. In 2010 KiwiRail stated it would consider changes after evaluating what impact the metro system has on the Capital Connection's patronage.
By July 2012 the future of the service seemed to be very uncertain.  KiwiRail announced it would make a decision on the service in August. The Greater Wellington Regional Council and the Horowhenua District Council have proposed partial funding but need the New Zealand Transport Agency to agree to continue the service. However, NZTA will not fund any rail service which does not decongest a road. In August 2012 Greater Wellington Regional Council and Horizons (Manawatu-Wanganui Regional Council) proposed a business case  which was evaluated by NZTA.
In March 2013 Labour MP Iain Lees-Galloway supported the service at a parliamentary committee hearing.  In May 2014 he said that he was not suprprised at the drop in patronage following a fare rise. 
In April 2013 KiwiRail said to keep the connection open, it would have increase ticket prices by 40 percent, and have at least 61 passengers on board in each direction. But it only increased fares by 10 percent from May.
Rolling stock and motive power
The service began using standard NZR 56-foot carriages: the first of two power-baggage vans from the Bay Express, a 50-seat Southerner car, a 42-seat Northerner car and a 37-seat Northerner catering car. When the Northerner and Southerner cars were returned to their respective trains and patronage continued to increase a former Masterton commuter car was refurbished to the same standard, with the same 50 alcove-style seats as the Southerner car, but with sheepskin seat covers. Later, a former Endeavour car with luggage space at one end and a former Picton - Greymouth car, both from on the Masterton commuter run, were refurbished for the service. Later still, up to five more Masterton cars, a Northerner car, the second Northerner catering car and the sole InterCity spare buffet car saw service. Before these carriages were replaced, the service was regularly running with a van and eight cars.
British Rail carriages
On Monday 15 November 1999 a new train entered service, made up of seven (later eight) British Rail Mark 2 cars and the second former Southerner modular 11 kW power and baggage van, with 90 kW generator and larger luggage space made up from the middle and expanded non-handbrake end compartments. The new cars are about three metres longer than the older cars and more spacious inside, with more headroom, full air-conditioning, 60 seats per car (28 in the servery car), and twin power sockets at the foot of each pair of seats. Seating arrangement is both alcove and airline-style, using their British Rail InterCity 72 seats. The train is usually hauled by either a pair of DC class locomotives, or a single DFT class or DX class locomotive.
They have been repainted from Tranz Scenic standard "Cato blue" into Capital Connection livery.
|S||2D FO||3200||Servery carriage|
- "Ratepayers face bill to keep capital train service". The Manawatu Standard. 12 January 2010. Retrieved 13 January 2010.
- "Capital Connection: Commuting made easy". Tranz Scenic. Retrieved 30 August 2007.
- ELLINGHAM, JIMMY (7 January 2010). "City rail link to capital in jeopardy". The Manawatu Standard (Palmerston North: Fairfax New Zealand). Retrieved 7 January 2010.
- "Axe hovers over Capital Connection". Stuff/Fairfax. 17 May 2012.
- "Capital Connection business plan".
- "MP tries new tack to save train". Stuff/Fairfax. 1 March 2013.
- "Fare rise cuts use of train". Stuff/Fairfax. 5 May 2014.
- "Fares rise on threatened train service". 3 News NZ. April 15, 2013.