Capital MetroRail train at Downtown Station
|Owner||Capital Metropolitan Transportation Authority|
|Locale||Austin, Texas, U.S.|
|Transit type||Commuter rail|
|Number of stations||9|
|Began operation||March 22, 2010|
|System length||32 miles (51 km)|
Capital MetroRail is a commuter rail system that serves the Greater Austin area in Texas, and which is owned by the Capital Metro. The Red Line, Capital Metro's first and only rail line, connects Downtown Austin with Austin's northern suburbs. The line operates on 32 miles (51 kilometers) of existing freight tracks, and consists of nine stations.
After a series of delays, Capital MetroRail was inaugurated in March 2010. Daily ridership during the first nine months was approximately 800 riders per weekday, although it had doubled to 1,600 by its first anniversary. Capital Metro added additional runs during midday beginning in mid-January 2011. Capital Metro added Friday evening and Saturday afternoon and evening regularly scheduled service on March 23, 2012.
MetroRail currently has an average weekday ridership of 3,500 passengers per day and is the twentieth most-ridden commuter rail system in the country out of twenty-five operational commuter rail systems.
Advocates of modern urban rail began calling on the city of Austin to develop a passenger rail system at the height of the 1970s energy crisis. When voters approved Capital Metro's creation in 1985, the agency was seen not only as the new operator of local bus services, but the developer of a future passenger rail as well. The next year, Capital Metro partnered with the City of Austin to purchase the 162-mile Giddings-to-Llano Austin and Northwestern Railroad on which the Red Line currently operates from the Southern Pacific Transportation Company with the express purpose of someday operating passenger rail on it.
During the 1990s, Capital Metro faced persistent bad publicity that resulted from dysfunctional management and poor accountability. After years of inaction on passenger rail, the Texas Legislature in 1997 stepped in and ordered the public transport provider to hold an up-or-down referendum on light rail. In response, Capital Metro drew up an ambitious plan for a $1.9 billion, 52-mile system that included a north-south Red Line and an east-west Green Line.
The 2000 proposal was narrowly defeated by 2,000 votes, citation needed] Capital Metro came back in 2004 with a significantly scaled-down version of its 2000 plan that it hoped voters in Travis County and Williamson County would find more palatable. The 2004 version was approved by 62% of voters in the service area. MetroRail was presented to voters as part of the All Systems Go Long-Range Transit Plan, which also included expanded local and express bus service. The Red Line, originally known as the Downtown/Northwest Urban Commuter Rail Service line, approved by voters was seen as a starter line that would become part of a potential comprehensive passenger rail system in the Greater Austin area. The corridor was chosen for the first line after Capital Metro's Board identified the following areas as probable areas for future growth: the Highland Mall area, the master-planned Mueller Community redevelopment project, as well as the central business district, extending from the University of Texas at Austin to Lady Bird Lake.[
The organization at the time said they could have the system built by 2008 for a cost of $60 million, and borrow $30 million for six train cars to be paid back over a period of years. About $30 million of that cost, they said, would come from the federal government. However, Capital Metro never officially sought the federal money and revealed in 2010 it has spent $105 million on the system's construction, not $90 million as originally suggested. Additionally, the original 2008 launch date for Capital MetroRail was postponed two years due to multiple safety and construction issues.
Service on Capital MetroRail finally began on March 22, 2010, because of safety issues and construction delays. On December 9, 2009, Capital Metro terminated its contract with Veolia Transportation and renegotiated a contract with Herzog Transit Services.
The Capital Metrorail system currently consists of Red Line, 32 miles of track that connects Leander and the Austin Convention Center in Downtown Austin. The line also passes through Cedar Park, northwest Austin, north-central Austin, and east Austin. The annual cost to operate the RedLine is $14.3 million.
Although it provides a commuter rail service, MetroRail uses tram-train operation, with semi-frequent services and street running in the downtown portions of the city. On January 18, 2011, Capital Metro added 13 additional midday trains to the previously limited schedule, as well as increased runs during peak hours. Additionally, the organization will run trains on a regular schedule Friday and Saturday starting March 23, 2012. In addition to the normal Friday schedule, trains will run hourly from 7:00pm to 12:00am and every 35 minutes from 4:00pm to 12:00am on Saturday. Prior to the regularly scheduled Friday and Saturday service Capital Metro ran weekend service for special events, such as the SXSW festival.
The Red Line
The Red Line's northern terminus is the Leander Station and Park & Ride and the southern terminus is the Downtown (Convention Center) Station. Each station features an accessible platform with varying canopy designs, ticket vending machines (TVM), bike racks, and informational displays. Its nine stations were constructed largely along existing freight rail tracks in cooperation with the City of Austin following a transit-oriented development (TOD) plan intended to encourage use of public transportation by developing mixed-use residential and commercial areas around the stations. The following Red Line stations are listed north to south:
- Leander Station and Park & Ride
- Lakeline Station and Park & Ride
- Howard Station and Park & Ride
- Burnet/Kramer Station
- Crestview Station
- Highland Station
- MLK, Jr. Station
- Plaza Saltillo Station
- Downtown/Convention Center Station
In September 2005, Stadler Rail won a bid to build six Stadler GTW diesel-electric light regional railcars for the system. Each of the vehicle's capital costs is about $6 million, and they run on 2 x 375 kW (510 Hp) = 750 kW (1020 Hp) diesel-electric engines. They are 9 feet, 8 inches (2.95 m) wide and 134 feet (41 m) long.
The vehicles have a capacity of 200 passengers, 108 seated and 92 standing. The trains have priority seating areas (fully ADA compliant) for wheelchairs. A "VIP section" with room for laptop use with WiFi access is also included. Bike racks, luggage racks, high back racks, and low floor entry for easy access are all features of what Capital Metro calls the safest and most technologically advanced trains in North America. WiFi is provided by cellular based 3G service. Capital Metro is currently researching upgrading access to 4G speeds, but is dependent on the cell carrier offering a commercial grade product that will work in Capital Metro's devices. For safety, the vehicles have ten cameras outside and six inside, as well as a sophisticated communications system.
Any potential expansion would require another referendum in the Capital Metro service area to secure funding. Capital Metro's All Systems Go Plan includes a study into potential future service. Two lines that are identified as well-fit for regional rail service are: TxDOT's abandoned MoKan Corridor and a freight line from Downtown to Manor.
Capital Metro Green Line
In September 2008, Capital Metro evaluated the need for rail service to alleviate pressure from congestion downtown to as far east as the town of Elgin. To fix this problem, CapMetro decided to plan for adding another rail line to their service, or the Green Line. The Green Line would operate the same as the Red Line, as it would run on existing freight rails with adjustments made to them to allow for passenger rail service.
Trains would depart the red line and begin to head east in between the red line stations MLK Jr. and Plaza Saltillo, where the first stop would be a shared station with the potential Austin-Bergstrom International Airport Commuter Rail Connector. The route would then continue on to four more stations, the last of which would be in Elgin. This is where the line would end. In December 2008, a presentation, and then a follow-up, were given to the CAMPO Transit Work Group about the Green Line.
This line's southern terminus would be near the Red Line's Plaza Saltillo Station or closer to Walter E. Long Municipal Park, depending on where Capital Metro locates it. The north end would be well into Round Rock, near Dell Diamond. The northern terminus could potentially intersect with the planned San Antonio-Austin commuter rail line. This expansion would help extend service into northeast Austin and the suburbs of Pflugerville and Round Rock.
- Commuter rail in North America
- List of rail transit systems in the United States
- Stadler GTW
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- Clark-Madison, Mike (November 4, 2004). "The Little Engine That Did". The Austin Chronicle. Retrieved January 4, 2011.
- "PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION RIDERSHIP REPORT - Third Quarter 2013". American Public Transportation Association. Retrieved 17 January 2014.
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- Dickens, Matthew (First Quarter 2011). "Transit Ridership Report" (PDF). American Public Transportation Association. p. 5. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
- Werner, George C. "Austin and Northwestern Railroad". Handbook of Texas Online. Retrieved January 2, 2011.
- Clark-Madison, Mike (October 13, 2000). "The Facts So Far: Light Rail". Austin Chronicle. Retrieved January 2, 2010.
- "Press Release: Voters Choose Light Rail" (Press release). Capital Metropolitan Transportation Authority. November 3, 2004. Retrieved January 2, 2011.
- Vess, Jessica (March 5, 2010). "Capital Metro rail to open March 22". KVUE Television. Retrieved January 2, 2010.
- Wear, Ben (March 21, 2009). "Rail Opening on Indefinite Hold". Austin American-Statesman. Retrieved March 31, 2009.
- Wear, Ben (2010-03-22). "Challenges remain as MetroRail finally leaves station". The Austin American-Statesman. Retrieved 2010-03-22.
- "Capital Metro approves new passenger & freight rail contracts". Capital MetroBlog. Capital Metro. December 9, 2009. Retrieved December 3, 2010.
- Wear, Ben (January 17, 2011). "Midday rail runs might add riders, but at what cost?". Austin American-Statesman. pp. B01.
- "Capital MetroRail: Schedules". Capital Metro. Retrieved March 1, 2012.
- "Capital MetroRail Stations". Capital Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved January 2, 2011.
- "Stadler Wins Commuter Rail Car Award with Capital Metro" (Press release). Stadler. September 23, 2005.
- "Vehicle Information". Capital Metro. October 15, 2010.
- "Vehicle Information". Capital Metro. March 25, 2008.
- "Potential Expansion of Capital Metrorail". Capital Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved January 2, 2010.
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