Capital offences in China

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In China there are 55[1] criminal offences that are eligible for the death penalty. Many of these offences are non-violent and economic criminal offences. The following is a list of them.

List of capital offences[edit]

Crimes against National Security[edit]

  1. Treason
  2. Separatism
  3. Armed rebellion, rioting
  4. Collaborating with the enemy
  5. Spying or espionage
  6. Selling state secrets
  7. Providing material support to the enemy

Crimes against Public Security[edit]

  1. Arson
  2. Flooding (e.g., breaching dams, dikes or waterways)
  3. Bombing
  4. Spreading poisons
  5. Spreading hazardous substances (e.g., radioactive, toxic, pathogenic)
  6. Seriously endangering public safety, broadly construed
  7. Sabotaging electricity
  8. Sabotaging gas, fuel, petroleum, or other flammables or explosives
  9. Hijacking aircraft
  10. Illegal possession, transport, smuggling, or selling of explosives or firearms
  11. Trafficking or smuggling nuclear materials
  12. Illegally manufacturing, selling, transporting or storing hazardous materials
  13. Theft of explosives or other dangerous material
  14. Theft of firearms, ammunition or other dangerous material

Economic crimes[edit]

  1. Production or sale of counterfeit medicine
  2. Production or sale of hazardous food products
  3. Smuggling weapons or ammunition
  4. Smuggling nuclear material
  5. Smuggling counterfeit money
  6. Producing counterfeit money
  7. Fraud

Crimes against the person[edit]

  1. Intentional homicide
  2. Intentional assault
  3. Rape
  4. Kidnapping
  5. Human trafficking

Crimes against property[edit]

  1. Robbery

Crimes against public order[edit]

  1. Prison escape, jailbreaking
  2. Raiding a prison
  3. Smuggling, dealing, transporting or manufacturing drugs
  4. Organized prostitution
  5. Forced prostitution

Crimes against national defense[edit]

  1. Sabotaging weapons, military installations, or military communications
  2. Providing substandard weapons or military installations

Corruption and bribery[edit]

  1. Embezzlement

Breach of duty by soldiers[edit]

  1. Insubordination
  2. Concealment or false reporting of military intelligence
  3. Refusing to pass or falsely passing orders
  4. Surrender
  5. Hindering commanding officers or personnel on duty from performing their duty
  6. Defection with aircraft or ships
  7. Selling military secrets
  8. Spreading false information reducing morale
  9. Theft of military weaponry or supplies
  10. Illegally selling or transferring military weaponry or supplies
  11. Killing innocent inhabitants of war zones or plundering their property
  12. Cowardice


  1. ^ "China ends death penalty for 13 economic crimes". BBC News. 25 February 2011. 

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