Capital punishment in Arizona

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Capital punishment is legal in Arizona.

Legislation[edit]

In 1973, following the U.S. Supreme Court decision in Furman v. Georgia, the Arizona State Legislature enacted A.R.S. § 13–454, setting forth the state's procedures for death penalty cases. The statute provided for a separate sentencing hearing to be held before the trial court, rather than a jury, and enumerated six aggravating circumstances that could be considered in deciding whether to impose a death sentence. Between 1978 and 1993, the Legislature codified four additional aggravating circumstances.

Capital crimes[edit]

The following aggravating circumstances constitute capital murder in the State of Arizona:[1]

  1. prior conviction for which a sentence of life imprisonment or death was imposable;
  2. prior serious offense involving the use or threat of violence;
  3. grave risk of death to others;
  4. procurement of murder by payment or promise of payment;
  5. commission of murder for pecuniary gain;
  6. murder committed in an especially heinous, cruel, or depraved manner;
  7. murder committed while in custody;
  8. multiple homicides;
  9. murder of a victim under 15 years of age or of a victim 70 years of age or older; and
  10. murder of a law enforcement officer.

Method of execution[edit]

The method of execution employed in Arizona is lethal injection.[2] However, if convicted for a crime committed prior to November 23, 1992, the inmate may choose between lethal gas or lethal injection.[3]

Death row[edit]

Arizona's death row for males is located at the Arizona State Prison Complex – Eyman in Florence. Female death row prisoners are housed at the Arizona State Prison Complex – Perryville in Goodyear.

Executions[edit]

Since capital punishment was resumed in 1976, 36 individuals in Arizona were convicted of murder and have been executed at Florence State Prison in Florence, Arizona.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]