Capital punishment in Cyprus

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The gallows at the Nicosia Central Prison, now a museum

Capital punishment for murder was abolished in Cyprus on 15 December 1983. It was abolished for all crimes on 19 April 2002. The death penalty was replaced with life imprisonment. Cyprus is a signatory of the second optional protocol of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights which provides for full abolition of capital punishment. Cyprus initially had a reservaton on the second protocol, allowing execution for grave crimes in times of war, but subsequently gave up this reservation.

The last executions carried out were on 13 June 1962 when Hambis Zacharia, Michael Hiletikos and Lazaris Demetriou were hanged for murder at Nicosia Central Prison.[1]

Prior to independence, 9 men had been hanged in 1956 and 1957 by the British for acts committed as members of EOKA.

The unrecognised state of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus retains the death penalty in limited circumstances. Article 15 of the state's constitution declares that capital punishment can be imposed in cases of treason during wartime, acts of terrorism and piracy jure gentium, and for repeated murders. Even in these instances, no execution of capital punishment can be carried out unless the Legislative Assembly decides so under the provisions of Article 78. There have been no executions as of 2012.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The end of capital punishment in Europe". Capital Punishment U.K. Retrieved 30 April 2011.