Capital punishment in Hong Kong

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Capital punishment in Hong Kong was formally abolished in 1993 (following the repealing of the Corporal Punishment Ordinance).

Before that, capital punishment was the usual sentence given since the establishment of the Crown Colony of Hong Kong for offences such as murder, kidnapping leading to death, and piracy.[1] The last execution was carried out on 16 November 1966 when Wong Kai-Kei, age 26, was hanged at Stanley Prison.[2] Following this, the death penalty was suspended.[3] The Governor of Hong Kong would as a matter of course commute the sentences of those so convicted under the death penalty to life imprisonment under the Royal Prerogative of mercy.[4] In April 1993, capital punishment was officially abolished in Hong Kong.[5] Since then, life imprisonment becomes the most severe punishment in Hong Kong.

Under the principle of independence of legal system in Hong Kong Basic Law, Hong Kong continues its repudiation of capital punishment after its handover to the People's Republic of China[6] despite the fact that capital punishment is practised in China.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Victoria Prison Decommissioning Open Day". The Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China. 
  2. ^ "Demise of the Death Penalty", South China Morning Post, 23 March 2004. Official Notebook of Mr R.V Brimmicombie-Wood recording executions in 1966. On display at Hong Kong Correctional Services Museum.
  3. ^ "A Chronology of CSD's Development and Penal Measures of Hong Kong". Hong Kong Correctional Services. 
  4. ^ "WORLD FACTBOOK OF CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEMS - HONG KONG by Ian Dobinson". Bureau of Justice Statistics, U.S. Department of Justice. 
  5. ^ "Victoria Prison Decommissioning Open Day". The Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China. 
  6. ^ "Basic Law in Full Text". The Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China.