Capnodiales

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Capnodiales
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Ascomycota
Subdivision: Pezizomycotina
Class: Dothideomycetes
Subclass: Dothideomycetidae
Order: Capnodiales
Woron. (1925)
Families

Antennulariellaceae
Capnodiaceae
Coccodiniaceae
Davidiellaceae
Metacapnodiaceae
Mycosphaerellaceae
Piedraiaceae
Teratosphaeriaceae

Capnodiales is a diverse order of Dothideomycetes, initially based on the family Capnodiaceae (sometimes known as sooty-mold fungi). Sooty molds grow as epiphytes, forming masses of black cells on plant leaves and are often associated with the honeydew secreted by insects feeding on plant sap. This diverse order has been expanded by the addition of several families formerly thought unrelated and now also includes saprobes, endophytes, plant pathogens, lichens and rock-inhabiting fungi. The new additions include the genus Mycosphaerella containing the causal agents of several economically important crop and tree diseases. A small number of these fungi are also able to parasitise humans and animals, including species able to colonise human hair shafts (Piedraia hortae).[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Crous PW, Schoch CL, Hyde KD, Wood AR, Gueidan C, Hoog GS De, Groenewald JZ (2009). Phylogenetic lineages in the Capnodiales. Studies in Mycology 64: 17–47.[1]