Cappagh

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Coordinates: 54°32′34″N 6°55′33″W / 54.54278°N 6.92583°W / 54.54278; -6.92583 Cappagh[pronunciation?] (Irish: Ceapach (tilled or cultivated land)[1]) is a small village, townland and civil parish in County Tyrone, Northern Ireland. It is between Pomeroy, Ballygawley, Galbally and Carrickmore, with the hamlet of Galbally about one mile to the east. Most of the land around Cappagh is farmland although a quarry lies just outside the village.

There is also a small rural parish in the west of county Limerick called Cappagh.

Places of interest[edit]

Sheep in the village of Cappagh, 2004
  • Cappagh Mountain - The village is located on a hillside and immediately behind it stands Cappagh Mountain (948Ft). The area around Cappagh has fine mountain scenery where the land is a mixture of rural pastures and bog. These bog and peat lands still provide turf for the older generation of the area.
  • Travelling towards Altmore on the right hand side of the road is King James's Well. A little further on was once a small house that occupied some of the finest miniature model houses and castles in Northern Ireland.
  • Cappagh Monument - In the middle of the village is a monument to local people who were killed by British security forces and paramilitaries during The Troubles. It features a stone figure of a Provisional IRA volunteer, in front of a number of stone plaques commemorating various aspects of the conflict, such as the hunger strike of 1981 and local Republican guerrillas who died. The focal point is the plaque for the "Loughgall Martyrs" - eight Provisional IRA members who died while attacking a police station.[2] Three of these men came from Galbally and another from Altmore, two hamlets located in the Cappagh area.*Old School - A single building inscribed with ‘old school’ is situated away from the main road. Now converted into a home, it catered for the education needs for children of the surrounding area during the 1930s and 1940s.

The Troubles in Cappagh[edit]

At least 10 people in and around Cappagh lost their lives during the Troubles, according to CAIN website. Three were members of the Provisional IRA, three were members of the RUC, two Catholic civilians, one former member of the UDR, and a Protestant civilian. The three IRA volunteers and one of the Catholic residents were killed by the Ulster Volunteer Force in a shooting spree outside a local bar on 3 March 1991. Another Catholic civilian had been shot and killed in the same spot in January 1974 by loyalist assailants. The rest of the victims were killed by members of the Provisional IRA.[3] The village, reputed as being a republican stronghold,[4] was also the scene of another two significant events in the early 1990s. On 24 March 1990, there was a gunbattle between an IRA unit and undercover British security forces when a civilian-type vehicle driven by an undercover agent was fired on by IRA volunteers without warning, according to Archie Hamilton, then Secretary of State for Defence.[5] Republican newspaper An Phoblacht claims that a SAS ambush was thwarted and at least two undercover soldiers in the car were killed.[4][6] Hamilton states that there were no security or civilian casualties. Another major incident, at least for its consequences, took place on 12 May 1992, when a patrol of British paratroopers was ambushed with an anti-personnel device by the IRA in Cappagh. One soldier lost both legs. The attack sparked the reaction of the paratroopers, which sealed off the nearby town of Coalisland and clashed with the local population on 12 and 17 May 1992.[7] The RUC alleged that a light machine gun stolen during the incidents was later recovered precisely at Cappagh, as part of a weapons cache.[8] This series of incidents led to the suspension of patrols before the official end of the battalion's deployment and to the dissmisal of the Third Brigade's commander, Brigadier Tom Longland.[9][10]

People[edit]

Cappagh Townland[edit]

The townland is situated in the historic barony of Dungannon Middle and the civil parish of Pomeroy and covers an area of 464 acres.[11]

The population of the townland declined during the 19th century:[12][13]

Year 1841 1851 1861 1871 1881 1891
Population 184 155 191 192 176 141
Houses 34 32 41 41 42 38

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Cappagh". Place Names NI. Retrieved 18 March 2013. 
  2. ^ IRA memorial (Cappagh)
  3. ^ Sutton index of deaths
  4. ^ a b Toolis, Kevin (1995). Rebel hearts: journeys within the IRA's soul.
  5. ^ Cappagh (Incident) Parliamentary debate, 3 May 1990
  6. ^ "IRA ambush stings Brit assassins" An Phoblacht, 29 March 1990
  7. ^ The Irish Emigrant, "New Paratroop controversy", 18 May 1992
  8. ^ Fortnight, issues 302-12, Fortnight Publications, 1992, pg. 24
  9. ^ Irish America (1992), Irish Voice, Inc., volume 8
  10. ^ Wood, Ian S. (1994). Scotland and Ulster. Mercat Press, pg. 61; ISBN 1-873644-19-1
  11. ^ "Townlands of County Tyrone". IreAtlas Townland Database. Retrieved 29 December 2012. 
  12. ^ "Census of Ireland 1851". Enhanced Parliamentary Papers on Ireland. Retrieved 29 December 2012. 
  13. ^ "Census of Ireland 1891". Enhanced Parliamentary Papers on Ireland. Retrieved 29 December 2012. 

External links[edit]