Capt. Elisha Phelps House
Capt. Elisha Phelps House
The historic Capt. Elisha Phelps Tavern House and Museum
|Location||800 Hopmeadow St., Simsbury, Connecticut|
|Area||less than one acre|
|Built||1711, expanded 1771|
|Architect||Lt. David Phelps|
|Governing body||Private (Simsbury Historical Society)|
|NRHP Reference #||72001345|
|Added to NRHP||September 22, 1972|
The Captain Elisha Phelps House, listed on the National Register of Historic Places, was built by David Phelps in 1711. His son Elisha Phelps received the land from his father and expanded the house in 1771. Elisha Phelps along with his brother Noah Phelps and others took part in the capture of Fort Ticonderoga in 1775. Capt. Phelps was appointed as commissary of the Northern Department by the Continental Congress.
Elisha Phelps was born at Simsbury, Connecticut, on October 17, 1737. His father David (May 7, 1710–December 9, 1760) married Abigail Pettibone (April 25, 1731–October 16, 1787) on April 25, 1731. Both families were descended from original settlers of Dorchester, Massachusetts and five years later, Windsor, Massachusetts, who as Puritans arrived in the New World aboard the ship Mary and John in 1630.
He died at age 43 in Albany, New York, on July 14, 1776 as the result of disease contracted from the soldiers he cared for there. After his death, the homestead passed from his widow and surviving children to his brother, Noah Phelps and until 1962 was the property of his descendants, including Jeffrey O. Phelps.
Phelps Tavern Museum
The estate is now known as The Phelps Tavern Museum. The museum uses period rooms and interactive exhibits and galleries to interpret the use of the house as an inn from 1786 to 1849. Three successive generations of the Phelps tavern-keepers are chronicled along with the social history of taverns in New England. From Masonic meetings to ordination balls, the Phelps Tavern hosted townspeople and travelers who arrived by horse, stagecoach and canal.
The Phelps Tavern Museum is part of a 2-acre (8,100 m2) complex that includes a museum store, research archives, and period gardens. It is owned and operated by the Simsbury Historical Society.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13.
- Samuel Hart (1917). Encyclopedia of Connecticut Biography: Genealogical-memorial; Representative Citizens. The American Historical Society, Inc.
- The Phelps Tavern Museum
- Susan Babbitt (February 15, 1972). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: Captain Elisha Phelps House". National Park Service.
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