Captain Mikey

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Captain Mikey
Born Marion Elbridge Herrington
(1935-07-18)July 18, 1935
Florence, South Carolina, U.S.
Died November 16, 1997(1997-11-16) (aged 62)
Fremont, California, U.S.
Occupation Radio program director, disc jockey, voice-over actor
Years active ca. 1960–1997
Spouse(s) Barbara Ann Allen (1953- )
Miss Haro
Janet Eileen Rew (1984-1997)

Marion Elbridge Herrington (July 18, 1935 – November 16, 1997), (also known as Mikel Hunter Herrington), best known as Captain Mikey (and also known by the air names Mikel Hunter, Motorcycle Mikel, Lefty, Hot Rocks Hunter, and Oil Can Harry), was an American disc jockey; voice-over actor, who was the national voice for Sears; and innovative radio program director, who "pioneered album-oriented rock formats at San Jose's KOME and Los Angeles' KMET",[1] and was described as "one of the very best programmers in Top 40 radio as well as what we called progressive rock on FM."[2] In October 2007 he was inducted into the San Jose Rocks Hall of Fame,[3] and was inducted into the Bay Area Radio Hall of Fame[4] on October 1, 2008.[5] Herrington inspired the fictional characters of program director Jeff Dugan in the 1978 movie FM, and program director Andy Travis on the 1980s television sitcom WKRP in Cincinnati.[6] Herrington also managed and promoted two San Jose bands: the Syndicate of Sound and People!, and produced a hit record for each of them, the Syndicate of Sound's song "Little Girl", which reached #8 on the US national charts in June 1966, and People!'s cover of the Zombies' "I Love You," which reached #14 on the Billboard charts in June 1968. Despite popular misconceptions, he has no known connection to the "Captain Mikey" of WPNR 90.7FM at Utica College who hosted shows regularly from 1995-1999, and returned to those airwaves again regularly in 2012.

Personal[edit]

Captain Mikey was born on July 18, 1935 as Marion Elbridge Herrington in Florence, South Carolina, the son of Carl Elbridge Herrington (born July 27, 1900 in Carteret County, North Carolina; died November 3, 1950 in New Bern, North Carolina),[7] a brakeman for the Atlantic & East Carolina Railroad, who was killed after being run over by a freight car in an accident at the New Bern rail yards in November 1950,[8] and Margaret Lucile Edmondson (born April 24, 1903; died December 2, 1988 in New Bern, North Carolina),[9] and the younger brother of Robert Carl Herrington (born January 25, 1928 in South Carolina; died June 4, 2005 in St. Augustine, Florida).[10]

In 1953 Herrington married Barbara Ann Allen in Florence, South Carolina. They had three children: Jeffrey Allen Herrington (born December 27, 1954 in New Bern, North Carolina), Michael Craig Herrington (born June 27, 1958 in Dallas, Texas),[11] and Tracey Diane Herrington (born April 14, 1962 in Nashville, Tennessee). His next marriage was to a Miss Haro, and they had two children: Jeremy Joseph Herrington (born October 9, 1963 in San Diego, California) and Brooke M. Herrington Killian (born May 6, 1966 in Santa Clara, California).[12] On June 24, 1984, Herrington married Janet Eileen Rew (born December 2, 1954 in Whittier, California)[13] in Dublin, California,[14] with whom he had two children: Trent Elbridge Herrington, (born October 6, 1989 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania) and Kelsey Rose Herrington (born January 25, 1993 in Vallejo, California).[15] Captain Mikey died on November 16, 1997 of leukemia at age 62 in Fremont, California.[16]

Herrington was described as "a handsome guy with a very ballsy voice that women loved. Michael was about five foot ten, with brown hair, and he wore round, wireless glasses like John Lennon. ... He was strikingly handsome, with big, warm blue eyes, and when he spoke, a rich, friendly person, took command."[17]

Career[edit]

Disc Jockey and Program Director[edit]

Under various names, Herrington worked as a disc jockey and later as a program director at radio stations in New Bern, North Carolina; Jackson, Mississippi; Dallas; Boston; Tucson; San Diego; Los Angeles; Phoenix; Philadelphia and even an ill fated journey to Iran. Other stations included KLIF, Dallas Texas; KELP, El Paso, Texas; and KSRO, Santa Rosa, California.[18]

Herrington was described as one of those "people who made the station click" in Tucson,[19] and "a walking almanac of rock and roll".[17]

San Diego[edit]

Herrington was working in San Diego in 1963.

San Jose (1966–1969)[edit]

Herrington was both program director and a disc jockey (as Captain Mikey) at radio station KLIV in San Jose, California from 1966 to 1969, making "Top 40 KLIV-AM (1590) the first San Jose station to beat its San Francisco competitors".[20] Herrington positioned the station as a "surfer station", featuring the music of such musicians as The Beach Boys, Jan and Dean, and The Surfaris.[21] Working as the nighttime DJ at KLIV,[22] Herrington's wild antics, promotions, pranks and in-studio guests brought the small San Jose station into leadership in the competitive San Francisco Bay Area radio market during the heyday of the late 1960s—the Summer of Love era when San Francisco was a cultural center. Among his promotional activities was "providing listeners with hot dogs, buns, and soft drinks for weekend caravans over Highway 17 to the beach at Santa Cruz, and the creation of the station's mascot Norman, "a snooty surfer boy".[23]

While working at KLIV, Herrington also managed and promoted the band People!, producing their 1968 hit I Love You and the Syndicate of Sound with their hit Little Girl.[24] Both bands and Herrington himself are members of the San Jose Rocks! Hall of Fame.[25]

Los Angeles (1969–1976)[edit]

Herrington was a disc jockey on the following Los Angeles radio stations: KFI, 1969; KLAC, 1970; KRLA, 1971–72; KMET, 1972–74; and KGBS, 1975-76.[26]

KFI (1969)[edit]

By January 1969 Herrington was recruited to radio KFI in Los Angeles by Dave Moorhead,[27] where he was on air from 6-9.00pm. However, Moorhead accepted a position at rival KLAC by March 1969.[28]

KLAC (1970)[edit]

Herrington was at KLAC in 1970 during the ultraconservative "chicken rock" format,[29] which was the antithesis of "hard rock" and a forerunner of the Mellow and Soft Rock stations of the 1970s.[30]

KRLA (1971–1972)[edit]

After being recruited by program director Shadoe Stevens,[31] Herrington moved to KRLA by January 1971,[32] for the progressive rock "underground" format,[32] where he called himself "Hot Rocks Hunter", (and later "Motorcycle Mikel"),[26] and worked the 9.00pm to midnight shift.[33]

KMET (1972–1974)[edit]

In late 1972 Herrington (as Mikel Hunter) became the director of operations and programming at KMET-FM in Los Angeles,[34] and as a disc jockey (as "Motorcycle Mikel") from 7am to 11am,[35] positions he held until at least September 1974.[36] Herrington carried, what one might consider "the lunatics in charge of the asylum,", attitude to Los Angeles radio station KMET.[37] During his stint as program director of KMET, "the Mighty Met," the environment was as irreverent as the music.[26] The KMET jocks had a wall full of "nude" pictures of listeners, and the ceiling of the studio was a mural with the moon and stars on it. The 1978 film FM, written by Ezra Sacks who had worked at KMET. about Jeff Dugan, who led the resistance to corporate takover at a fictitious radio station, was based on Herrington and his times at KMET,[38] as was the character of program director Andy Travis on the popular 1978 sitcom WKRP in Cincinnati.[6]

Among the on air talent Herrington recruited while program director at KMET was Dr. Demento, who moved from Pasadena station KPPC at the end of 1971, and from 1972–83 he performed a four-hour live radio show, which was syndicated nationally from 1974;[39] and freeform format pioneering disc jockey Jim Ladd, whom Herrington recruited in 1974 from rival KLOS. In 1991 Ladd released a semi-autobiographical book Radio Waves: Life and Revolution on the FM Dial, which featured his colleagues at KMET (disguised as KAOS), including Herrington.[40] By September 1974 Herrington had been replaced by Cathy Kenyon.[36]

Oakland, California[edit]

By September 1974 Herrington (as Mikel Hunter) was the operations director at KNEW,[41] a radio station based in Oakland, California[42] which had switched to a country music format in July 1974.

Los Angeles (1975–1976)[edit]

In 1975, Herrington moved to KGBS, then a country music radio station in Los Angeles.[43] After the station changed its name to KTNQ in September 1976, and subsequently format,[44] about Christmas 1976 Herrington left KGBS to accept a lucrative position in Iran.[45]

Iran (1977)[edit]

Herrington, along with two other American radio personalities, Ted Anthony and Claude "Hoot" Hooten (known on air as Brad Edwards), was recommended by Billboard radio and television editor Claude Hall to work for NIRT, the "American radio station" in Tehran, Iran, during the reign of the last shah, Mohammad-Rezā Shāh Pahlavi.[45] Recruited by Kamron Mashayekhi,[46] the head of NIRT, who was also Washington bureau chief for Savak,[47] Herrington served as both program director, and also as disc jockey who played heavy rock and roll from 5.00pm to 10.00pm each night for a month from March 1977.[48] Despite the promise of six-figure salaries and generous housing and travel allowances,[17] "all they were promised didn't happen (their phones were bugged, etc., etc.) and they ended up having to literally escape the country".[49] Upon his return to the USA, Herrington was forced to hide out in a motel in the San Fernando Valley until Hall threatened to expose the situation in Iran in Billboard.[50]

San Jose (1977–1982)[edit]

After his return from Iran Herrington was unemployed and advertised for work.[51] In August 1977 Herrington returned to the San Jose area "bringing his programming sensibilities" into the emerging FM market at KOME.[52][53] As program director at KOME, Herrngton, described at that time as "a decidedly non-corporate type who is, in fact, something of a throwback to the early days of FM gurus,[54] returned the station to its free-form roots. Herrington "discarded the card catalog playlist in favor of an eclectic library including art rock, jazz, punk, new wave, and soul within a rock format framework".[55] Herrington was responsible for making that station number one in the Bay Area market and one of the most important stations in the country. According to Don West, former KOME program director, "Mikel was the one who put this station on the map. ... Mikel was into energy. ... There were no ballsy, deep voices. Mikel would toss aside someone with a great voice for someone with a great personality."[56] Herrington is credited with coining KOME's notorious slogan: "The KOME (cum) spot on on your dial".[57] Soon after his appointment, Herrington was responsible for recruiting Dennis Erectus out of college and to KOME.[58] By September 1981 Herrington had increased KOME's ratings from 5 to 7.6 in the previous year with a hard-rocking AOR format.[54] Herrington described the approach as "a sound based on 'hooks and boogie'",[54] and promotions that appealed to listeners who "like rock'n'roll but also like craziness and a little bit of humor. So we offer them humor - a somewhat sarcastic and caustic view".[54] At KOME Herrington "had chicken flying contests, with birds pushed out of mailboxes with a toilet plunger. On April Fool’s Day he told listeners to cover up their telephone receivers because the phone company was cleaning out the lines and would be blowing dust through them. And he led his whole staff to the homes of listeners to crash their parties".[20] Herrington promised listeners "62 minutes of commercial-free music every hour".[58] Under Herrington, the format was free-form. According to West, "There were walls of albums in the station color-coded by genre, and each had a sheet of paper attached that indicated which cuts were permitted for airplay. On classic albums like the Who's "Who's Next," every song was on the list. "Roughly there were 5,000 songs at your fingertips at any time," West says. "Now you have stations with 300."[56]

While at KOME, Herrington was also known on air in the mornings as "Lefty",[59] and was responsible for creating their "Hey Lefty! What time is it?" segment, where prominent musicians (including Van Halen, Grace Slick, Hall & Oates, Ian Hunter, the Greg Kihn Band, Kip Addotta, and Chevy Chase) would ask the question that prompted the announcement of the time.[60]

By August 1981 Herrington was promoted to operations manager at KOME.[61] In 1982 Herrington was still working as a disc jockey (as Mikel Hunter) at KLIV-AM,[62] and program director at KOME-FM,[63] however after station owners Infinity Broadcasting Corporation tried to bring in broadcasting consultants in 1982, Herrington left KOME by November 1982 in protest.[64] According to West, "KOME's heyday came to an end in 1982".[56]

His voiceover career included being the national voice for Sears.

Philadelphia (1984–1989)[edit]

By November 1984 Herrington became program director at Metromedia's WIP (610 AM) in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, which was then an Adult Contemporary station,[65] with declining ratings.[66] During his tenure, WIP transitioned initially toward light talk and music in the evening to become primarily a sports talk station.[67]

Las Vegas, Nevada[edit]

Herrington operated Mikel Hunter Broadcast Services, a radio programming consulting company from Las Vegas.[68]

Napa, California[edit]

A wine connoisseur, Herrington moved to the wine country, and hosted talk shows at KVON and KVYN[69] in Napa, California. At KVYN Herrington was program director until his resignation in September 1992.[70]

Santa Rosa, California[edit]

Herrington's last position in radio was as host of a talk show at KSRO in Santa Rosa, California.[70]

Postmortem developments[edit]

In 2008, he was inducted into the Bay Area Radio Hall of Fame.[71][72]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "KLIV Radio 1590: The Top 40 Years: San Jose, California", http://www.bayarearadio.org/audio/kliv/index.shtml
  2. ^ Claude Hall, "Gone and Also: A Work in Progress", http://www.firststrategy.com/claudehall1.htm
  3. ^ "2007 Inductees", http://www.sanjoserocks.org/inductees.htm
  4. ^ "Celebrating the Bay Area Radio Hall of Fame Class of 2008!", http://www.bayarearadio.org/hof/2008/index.shtml; "Bay Area Radio Hall of Fame", http://kavasradiosoup.blogspot.com/2008/07/great-list-of-bay-area-radio-hall-of.html; Ben Fong-Torres, "Radio Waves", (7 September 2008), http://articles.sfgate.com/2008-09-07/entertainment/17161134_1_radio-waves-satellite-radio-abc-radio-s-fm
  5. ^ "Hall Of Fame 2008". Bay Area Radio. Retrieved 2010-08-30. 
  6. ^ a b "Deaths", Billboard (6 December 1997):64.
  7. ^ North Carolina Death Certificates, 1909-1975 Record for Carl Elbridge Herrington
  8. ^ Ancestry.com. North Carolina Death Certificates, 1909-1975
  9. ^ Source Citation: Number: 241-48-1505; Issue State: North Carolina;Issue Date: 1951. Social Security Death Index: Source Vendor: NC Department of Health. North Carolina Deaths, 1988-92; Ancestry.com. California Death Index, 1940-1997; Source Citation: Place: Alameda; Date: 16 Nov 1997
  10. ^ Ancestry.com. 1930 United States Federal Census; Census Place: Florence, Florence, South Carolina; Roll 2196; Page: 3B; Enumeration District: 13; Image: 903.0; Ancestry.com. United States Obituary Collection, St. Augustine Record (9 June 2005); Social Security Death Index: Source Citation: Number: 242-32-4795; Issue State: North Carolina; Issue Date: Before 1951.
  11. ^ Ancestry.com. Texas Birth Index, 1903-1997.
  12. ^ Ancestry.com. California Birth Index, 1905-1995
  13. ^ Ancestry.com. California Birth Index, 1905-1995; http://familytreemaker.genealogy.com/users/r/e/w/Scott-A-Rew/GENE6-0017.html
  14. ^ Ancestry.com. California Marriage Index, 1960-1985
  15. ^ Family Tree Maker
  16. ^ Ancestry.com. Social Security Death Index; Ancestry.com. California Death Index, 1940-1997; Source Citation: Place: Alameda; Date: 16 Nov 1997; Social Security: 238485188; http://www.sanjoserocks.org/i_mikel_hunter.htm San Jose Rocks bio; "Mikel Herrington (Hunter)", Variety (3 December 1997), http://www.variety.com/article/VR1116678714.html?categoryid=25&cs=1
  17. ^ a b c Claude "Hoot" Hooten, Drunk & Disorderly, Again: My Name Is Hoot, I'm an Alcoholic (Wordclay, 2009):114.
  18. ^ Duane Wadsworth, "Anyone know where Mikel Hunter a.k.a. Mikel Harrington is?", (12 September 1994), rec.radio.broadcasting; Duane Wadsworth, "Where is Mikel Hunter?", (23 January 1996), rec.radio.broadcasting
  19. ^ Claude Hall and Barbara Hall, This Business of Radio Programming: A Comprehensive Look at Modern Programming Techniques Used Throughout the Radio World (Billboard Publications, 1977):32.
  20. ^ a b Brad Kava, "Mikel Hunter Herrington", http://www.sanjoserocks.org/i_mikel_hunter.htm
  21. ^ "KLIV Radio 1590: The Top 40 Years San Jose", http://www.bayarearadio.org/audio/kliv/index.shtml
  22. ^ Bay Area radio
  23. ^ http://www.bayarearadio.org/audio/kliv/index.shtml. For view of the logo, see "KLIV's 'Norman', 1960s", (April 27, 2009), http://classicdjradioscrapbook.blogspot.com/2009/04/oldies-plus.html(
  24. ^ Discogs
  25. ^ San Jose Rock Music Hall of Fame
  26. ^ a b c Don Barrett, "Where Are They Now? Los Angeles Radio People: H", http://www.laradio.com/whereh.htm
  27. ^ Los Angeles Times (January 8, 1969):K18.
  28. ^ "Vox Jox", Billboard 1(5 March 1969):37.
  29. ^ Don Barrett, "Where Are They Now? Los Angeles Radio People: H", http://www.laradio.com/whereh.htm; Donald G. Godfrey and Frederic A. Leigh, eds., Historical Dictionary of American Radio(Greenwood Publishing Group):241.
  30. ^ Michael C. Keith, Radio Programming: Consultancy and Formatics (Focal Press, 1987):45.
  31. ^ Claude Hall, "Vox Jox", Billboard (12 February 1972):16; "KRLA Strives for Entertainment", Billboard (11 December 1971):26, 28.
  32. ^ a b Claude Hall, "Vox Jox", Billboard (23 January 1971):29.
  33. ^ "KRLA's Dave Diamond (Late 1971)", (21 October 2008), http://classicdjradioscrapbook.blogspot.com/2008/10/krlas-dave-diamond-late-1971.html; "KRLA's Mikel Hunter (1972)", (October 19, 2008), http://classicdjradioscrapbook.blogspot.com/2008/10/krlas-mikel-hunter-1972.html
  34. ^ Billboard (11 August 1973):43; Broadcasting Yearbook (Broadcasting Publications, 1974):B-23.
  35. ^ "Rock Music Posters - Memorabilia, Concert Poster, Silkscreen, Poster Art". PosterScene. Retrieved 2010-08-30. 
  36. ^ a b "KMET-FM's Turner: She's 'Spontaneous'", Billboard (28 September 1974):24.
  37. ^ [1] Billboard Magazine (February 9, 1974)
  38. ^ "Deaths", Billboard (6 December 1997):64; Michael Learmonth, "Kingdom KOME: Less than two weeks remain until the letters fade away", Metro (June 4–10, 1998), http://www.metroactive.com/papers/metro/06.04.98/cover/radio2-9822.html; Don Barrett, "Where Are They Now? Los Angeles Radio People, H", http://www.laradio.com/whereh.htm
  39. ^ "About the Dr.". The Online Internet Site For Information on Dr. Demento music, songs, lyrics, and chat. 2005. (3 March 2006), http://www.drdemento.com/dr-bio.html.
  40. ^ See Jim Ladd, Radio Waves: Life and Revolution on the FM Dial (St. Martins Press, 1991).
  41. ^ James Brown, "KLAC to Mark 4th Year of C&W Format", Los Angeles Times (September 6, 1974):F24.
  42. ^ "Vox Jox", Billboard (9 November 1974):11.
  43. ^ "In L.A. Turnabout KGBS-AM Modulates From Gab to Country", Billboard (26 October 1974):26; Claude Hall, "Free Albums for Stations a 'Can of Worms'", Billboard (15 November 1975):31.
  44. ^ "L.A.'s KGBS is Now Rocking KTNQ", Billboard (25 December 1976):16.
  45. ^ a b Claude "Hoot" Hooten, Drunk & Disorderly, Again: My Name Is Hoot, I'm an Alcoholic (Wordclay, 2009):113.
  46. ^ Derek Olson, "Did Crimes Kamran Mashayekhi Witnessed Put His Life in Danger?", The OC Weekly (21 February 2008), http://www.ocweekly.com/2008-02-21/features/taken-for-a-ride/; Derek Olson, "Did Alleged Attack on Self-Described Snitch Happen the Way He Says?", The OC Weekly (15 May 2008), http://www.ocweekly.com/2008-05-15/news/did-alleged-attack-on-self-described-snitch-happen-the-way-he-says/
  47. ^ Claude "Hoot" Hooten, Drunk & Disorderly, Again: My Name Is Hoot, I'm an Alcoholic (Wordclay, 2009):158.
  48. ^ Claude "Hoot" Hooten, Drunk & Disorderly, Again: My Name Is Hoot, I'm an Alcoholic (Wordclay, 2009):114; http://www.mynameishoot.com/about_the_book
  49. ^ Claude Hall, "Gone and Also: A Work in Progress", http://www.firststrategy.com/claudehall1.htm. See Claude "Hoot" Hooten, Drunk & Disorderly, Again: My Name Is Hoot, I'm an Alcoholic (Wordclay, 2009):147-158 for details of the "Great Escape".
  50. ^ Claude Hall, "Commentary", http://www.firststrategy.com/claudehallchapter2.htm; Claude "Hoot" Hooten, Drunk & Disorderly, Again: My Name Is Hoot, I'm an Alcoholic (Wordclay, 2009):147-158.
  51. ^ Broadcasting 92 (Cahners Pub. Co., 1977):158.
  52. ^ "A Tribute to the Southbay's Legendary 98.5 FM KOME Presented by the Bay Area Radio Museum", http://www.bayarearadio.org/audio/kome/
  53. ^ flickr
  54. ^ a b c d Jack McDonough, "KOME's Ratings Increase, But P.D. Hunter's Attitude Cavalier", Billboard (19 September 1981):28.
  55. ^ "Dennis Erectus : History". Museumstuff.com. Retrieved 2010-08-30. 
  56. ^ a b c Don West in Michael Learmonth, "Kingdom KOME: Less than two weeks remain until the letters fade away", Metro (June 4–10, 1998), http://www.metroactive.com/papers/metro/06.04.98/cover/radio2-9822.html
  57. ^ "IF THERE'S ROCK 'N'ROLL HEAVEN, MIKEL MUST BE THERE", San Jose Mercury (21 November 1997), http://nl.newsbank.com/nl-search/we/Archives?p_product=SJ&s_site=mercurynews&p_multi=SJ&p_theme=realcities&p_action=search&p_maxdocs=200&p_topdoc=1&p_text_direct-0=0EF8577C4808002D&p_field_direct-0=document_id&p_perpage=10&p_sort=YMD_date:D&s_trackval=GooglePM
  58. ^ a b Michael Learmonth, "Kingdom KOME: Less than two weeks remain until the letters fade away", Metro (June 4–10, 1998), http://www.metroactive.com/papers/metro/06.04.98/cover/radio2-9822.html
  59. ^ "Laurie Roberts ~ Bay Area Rock Icon", http://kome-rocks.santacruzdreamz.com/tag/923-ksjo/
  60. ^ "A Tribute to the Southbay's Legendary 98.5 FM KOME Presented by the Bay Area Radio Museum", http://www.bayarearadio.org/audio/kome/ For a seven-minute compilation of these clips, see "The KOME Smart Ass Reel", (Circa 1978); 7 minutes), [2]
  61. ^ "Vox Jox", Billboard (8 August 1981):28.
  62. ^ The Working Press of the Nation, Part 3 (Farrell Pub. Corp., 1982).
  63. ^ Broadcasting Cablecasting Yearbook (Broadcasting Publications, 1983).
  64. ^ "Vox Jox", Billboard (6 November 1982):15; Michael Learmonth, "Kingdom KOME: Less than two weeks remain until the letters fade away", Metro (June 4–10, 1998), http://www.metroactive.com/papers/metro/06.04.98/cover/radio2-9822.html
  65. ^ "Vox Jox", Billboard (3 November 1984):20.
  66. ^ Nick Seneca, (4 February 2007), http://boards.radio-info.com/smf/index.php?topic=61639.msg441634#msg441634
  67. ^ "FEATURES TELEVISION RADIO", Philadelphia Inquirer (March 5, 1985):E07.
  68. ^ Michael C. Keith, The Radio Station: Broadcast, Satellite & Internet, 7th ed. (Focal Press, 2007):342.
  69. ^ Kwine
  70. ^ a b "Radio-Info.com Discussion Boards » San Francisco » Demographics". Boards.radio-info.com. Retrieved 2010-08-30. 
  71. ^ Bay Area Radio Hall of Fame
  72. ^ SF Gate

Further reading[edit]

  • "Deaths". Billboard (6 December 1997):64.

External links[edit]