Captain (association football)
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The team captain of an association football team, sometimes known as the skipper, is a team member chosen to be the on-pitch leader of the team: it is often one of the older or more experienced members of the squad, or a player that can heavily influence a game. The team captain is usually identified by the wearing of an armband.
The only official responsibility of a captain specified by the Laws of the Game is to participate in the coin toss prior to kick-off (for choice of ends) and prior to a penalty shootout. Contrary to what is sometimes claimed, captains have no special authority under the Laws to challenge a decision by the referee. However, referees may talk to the captain of a side about the side's general behaviour when necessary.
At an award-giving ceremony after a fixture like a cup competition final, the captain usually leads the team up to collect their medals. Any trophy won by a team will be received by the captain who will also be the first one to hoist it.
The captain generally provides a rallying point for the team: if morale is low, it is the captain who will be looked upon to boost their team's spirits.
Captains may join the manager in deciding the first team for a certain game. In youth or recreational football, the captain often takes on duties, that would, at a higher level, be delegated to the manager.
The captain is usually a midfielder or defender, and less often the goalkeeper; a striker, due to the more one-dimensional nature of his position up front, is rarely called upon to wear the armband.
A club captain is usually appointed for a season. If he is unavailable or not selected for a particular game, then the club vice-captain will be appointed to perform a similar role.
The match captain is the first player to lift a trophy should the team win one, even if he was not the club captain. A good example of this was in the 1999 UEFA Champions League Final when match captain Peter Schmeichel lifted the trophy for Manchester United as club captain Roy Keane was suspended. In the 2012 UEFA Champions League Final, match captain (who was the vice-captain) Frank Lampard jointly lifted the trophy for Chelsea with club captain John Terry (who was suspended, but given permission by UEFA).
A club may appoint two distinct roles: a club captain to represent the players in a public relations role, and correspondent on the pitch. Manchester United has had both of these types of captains; Roy Keane was the club captain on and off the pitch from 1997 to 2005 as he was a regular in the starting eleven, but his successor Gary Neville while nominally club captain from 2005 to 2010 had made few first team appearances due to injuries and in his absence other players (Rio Ferdinand or vice-captain Ryan Giggs) were chosen to skipper the team on the field, such as in the 2008 (Ferdinand was captain as he was in the starting XI, while Giggs was a substitute) and 2009 UEFA Champions League Finals, respectively. After Hyppia retired in 2005 , regular starter Steven Gerrard was named as club captain.
A vice-captain is a player that is expected to captain the side when the club's captain is not included in the starting eleven, or if, during a game, the captain is substituted or sent off. Often the vice-captain is appointed the new club captain upon the departure of the incumbent, such as Iker Casillas taking over from Raúl González at Real Madrid and Philipp Lahm succeeding Mark van Bommel at Bayern Munich. Casillas and Lahm held the captaincies of their respective national teams, Spain and Germany, respectively, when they assumed the same role at their clubs. As captains, they have played against each other in the semi-finals of the 2010 FIFA World Cup and the semi-finals of the 2011-12 UEFA Champions League.
Chelsea's 2006-07 and 2007-08 squads contained four players who were then-captains of their respective national teams; John Terry (England), Michael Ballack (Germany), Didier Drogba (Côte d'Ivoire), and Andriy Shevchenko (Ukraine).
In the 1986 FIFA World Cup, when Bryan Robson was injured and vice-captain Ray Wilkins received a two game suspension for a red card, Peter Shilton became England's skipper for the rest of the tournament.
During the 2010 FIFA World Cup in South Africa, Germany had three captains. Michael Ballack had skippered the national team since 2004, including the successful qualifiers for the 2010 World Cup, but he did not play in the latter tournament due to a last minute injury. Philipp Lahm was appointed captain in South Africa, but due to an illness that ruled him out of Germany's final fixture, Bastian Schweinsteiger skippered the team for that game which was the third-place match. Lahm stated in an interview that he would not relinquish the captaincy when Ballack returned, causing some controversy, so team manager Oliver Bierhoff clarified the situation saying "Philipp Lahm is the World Cup captain and Michael Ballack is still the captain". Lahm ended up becoming the permanent captain of Germany, as Ballack was never again called up for the national team.
- Bostock, Adam. "Neville replaced as Reds skipper". ManUtd.com (Manchester United). Retrieved 13 September 2010.
- TC United - Captain Responsibilities
- "About Football Glossary" about.com
- FA - The captain's role
- FA - Working with the referee
- Keelby United - The Role of the Captain
- Champions League Final 2012: Keane to see John Terry lift cup
- Bostock, Adam. "Neville replaced as Reds skipper". ManUtd.com (Liverpool). Retrieved 13 September 2010.
- "A Power Struggle on the German National Team?". Spiegel Online. 6 July 2010. Retrieved 17 February 2012.
- "The Team Is 'Winning Hearts Beyond Germany's Borders'". Spiegel Online. 5 July 2010. Retrieved 17 February 2012.
- Lahm filling captain's role for Germany in word and deed
- Perennial chokers Germany must beat themselves before Italy