Capture of Bougie

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Capture of Bougie
Part of The Ottoman–Habsburg wars
Algiers and Bejaia by Piri Reis.jpg
Historic map of Algiers and Bougie by Piri Reis
Date 1555
Location Bougie (in present-day Algeria)
Result Ottoman victory
Territorial
changes
Bougie under Ottoman rule
Belligerents
Ottoman Empire Ottoman Empire Spain Spain
Commanders and leaders
Salah Rais Spain Luis Peralta
Spain Alonso Peralta
Andrea Doria (too late to help)
Strength
several thousand men and a small fleet About 100 men

The Capture of Bougie occurred in 1555 when the Ottoman ruler of Algiers Salah Rais took the city of Bougie from the Spaniards. The Spanish presidio was the main fortification in Bougie, occupied by about 100 men under Luis Peralta, and then his son Alonso Peralta.[1] The city was captured by Salah Rais from his base of Algiers, at the head of several thousand men and a small fleet consisting in 2 galleys, a barque, and a French saëte ("flèche", or "arrow") requisitioned in Algiers.[1] Peralta had sent messages to Spain for help, and Andrea Doria prepared to leave with a fleet from Naples, but too late.[1]

The Spanish force was defeated, but Alonso Peralta was allowed to leave unharmed with 40 men of his choice. He was severely criticized upon his return to Spain, and beheaded in Valladolid on 4 May 1556.[1]

The capture of Bougie permitted the Ottomans to encircle the Spanish position at Goletta and that of their ally Ahmad Sultan in Tunis, as they now had strong bases in Bougie and Tripoli.[2]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d The Mediterranean and the Mediterranean world in the age of Philip II Fernand Braudel p.933- [1]
  2. ^ The Last Great Muslim Empires H. J. Kissling,Bertold Spuler,F. R. C. Bagley p.128 [2]