Capture of Enschede (1597)

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Capture of Enschede (1597)
Part of the Eighty Years' War & the Anglo–Spanish War
Enschede jvd.jpg
Plan of Enschede circa 1570
Date 18 and 19 October 1597
Location Enschede Overijssel
Present day the Netherlands
Result Dutch & English victory[1][2]
Belligerents
 Dutch Republic
England England
 Spain
Commanders and leaders
Dutch Republic Maurice of Orange
England Horace Vere
Spain Lieutenant Van Grootveld
Strength
6,700 infantry & cavalry[3] 120
Casualties and losses
Unknown All captured[2]

The Capture of Enschede took place during the Eighty Years' War and the Anglo–Spanish War on the 18 and 19 October 1597. A Dutch and English army led by Maurice of Orange took the city after a very short siege during which they threatened to the Governor that they would destroy the city. The siege was part of Maurice's campaign of 1597, a successful offensive against the Spaniards during what the Dutch call the Ten Glory Years.[4]

After the siege and capture of Bredevoort a part of Maurice's army which included Scots and Frisians under Count Solms and Van Duivenvoorde went from Winterswijk to Gronau. On 18 October Prince Maurice along with his cousin (and brother-in-law) William Louis went with the calvary and the day before, the artillery that had been in service at Bredevoort was on the move. They were followed by the main body consisting of English troops under Colonel Horace Vere and the Frisians, while the companies of Duivenvoorde, Brederode and the English cavalry formed the rearguard.[5]

Maurice of Orange

Siege & Capture[edit]

Halfway to Enschede at Glanerbrug Maurice's army formed up in battle formation and headed towards the city. By this time the artillery had arrived and a formal siege could commence.[3] Shots were fired at the city walls for a day, after which Maurice sent a trumpeter to the gate, demanding the surrender. Maurice threatened that his army would give Enschede the same fate that happened at Bredevoort and Groenlo which were burnt and ravaged in the ensuing chaos of the assault. Maurice threatened that he would 'break the heads of them all if he fired a single shot with the artillery.'[2]

The governor lieutenant Grootveld and the garrison commander Captain Vasques, requested permission to examine the artillery by which it was proposed to reduce the city.[3]:394 This was agreed, the inspection was made and after some discussion in the city with the clergy they accepted Maurice's terms as an "absolutely fair condition".[1] The Spanish garrison led by two companies totaling 108 men then marched out of the city.[2] A company of Dutch then garrisoned the place upon which the company commander Jaques Meurs who was made governor.[3]:394 Maurice ordered the fortifications largely dismantled so that the city would be no longer suitable as a military place for future occupants and then marched to the city of Oldenzaal and took the place after a short siege.[6] A contingent of Dutch and English soldiers split from the main army led by Captain Van Duivenvoorde who headed Northeast and then took Ootmarsum.[5]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Motley pg 456
  2. ^ a b c d van Nimwegen pg 166
  3. ^ a b c d Duyck, Anthonis (1864). Journaal, 1591-1602: Uitg. op last van het departement van Oorlog, met in leiding en aantekeningen door Lodewijk Mulder, Volume 2. Nijhoff. pp. 387–95 (Dutch). 
  4. ^ Israel pg 29-30
  5. ^ a b Knight, Charles Raleigh: Historical records of The Buffs, East Kent Regiment (3rd Foot) formerly designated the Holland Regiment and Prince George of Denmark's Regiment. Vol I. London, Gale & Polden, 1905, p. 45
  6. ^ van Nimwegen pg 120

References[edit]