Gaspar Henaine

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Gaspar Henaine
Pseudonym Capulina
Birth name Gaspar Henaine Pérez
Born (1926-01-06)6 January 1926
Chignahuapan, Puebla, Mexico
Died 30 September 2011(2011-09-30) (aged 85)
Mexico City, Mexico
Medium Film, television, stage, music
Years active 1943-1999
Genres Double act, slapstick
Spouse María Elena Frías (m. 1949–2011)

Gaspar Henaine Pérez (6 January 1926 – 30 September 2011), more commonly known by his pseudonym Capulina, was a Mexican comedian, actor, singer, film producer, and screenwriter best known for partnering with Marco Antonio Campos as the double act Viruta and Capulina. They achieved success in film, television, comic books, and the stage.[1][2][3] He was later nicknamed "El Rey del Humorismo Blanco" (The King of White Humor), due to his clean, innocent humor without obscene or inappropriate jokes.

Early life[edit]

Born in Chignahuapan, Puebla, he was the son of Antonio Luciano Guzman , a merchant of Lebanese origin, and Concepción Pérez López, a native of Chignahuapan.[4] When Capulina was six years old, he and his family moved to Mexico City. In 1940 at age 14, Capulina began his acting career. He was a singer as a teenager, singing for "Los Excéntricos del Ritmo". Later, he formed part of "Los Trincas".

Viruta and Capulina[edit]

Capulina became famous across Latin America alongside his longtime professional partner, Marco Antonio "Viruta" Campos Contreras. In 1951 they started filming together. The two comedians made 26 movies. At first they imitated the comedy style of Laurel and Hardy, thanks to their physical resemblance to them. With time they developed their own characteristic comedy style. The main difference with Laurel and Hardy is that Viruta, the thin character, was also the intelligent and aggressive one while Capulina, the fat guy, was the fool and cowardly one.

In the peak of their popularity they had a TV show called Comicos y Canciones where they alternated with other comedians and singers. Some of their sketches were written by a then unknown Roberto Gomez Bolaños who later gained legendary fame as comedian Chespirito.

Many rumors surfaced when the two co-workers stopped making movies together; some suggested that Viruta felt underpaid, but Capulina attributed the separation to a feud between the two caused by lack of movie jobs towards the end of their working relationship. Although he admitted to both he and Viruta felt some animosity against each other during their last six movies together, Capulina also felt deep sorrow when Viruta died. A sufferer of three previous heart attacks, Viruta died after his fourth heart attack.

Later work[edit]

Capulina made a total of 84 movies, 58 of them after separating from Viruta. He also has recorded 12 music albums. One of his most famous movies was 1972's El Santo Versus Capulina, where he co-starred with Mexican wrestling legend El Santo.

Most of the movies where he starred shared the same theme, to generate an adventure based on Capulina getting in trouble due to a specific issue, added with his position as an incompetent and foolish persona. For example, in El Mundo de los Aviones (World of Planes), Capulina is a pilot that always fails to land his plane correctly, hitting some wall and encrusting a partner in the process. He is involved in an international fraud and he teams with his airline partners to prevent the robbery, not without several funny problems.

He went from being the same character in different situations and confront different kind of enemies like robbers, gangs, spies and also vampires, monsters and mummies, with the aid of adventurers, wrestlers (like El Santo) or unexpected powers (Capulina Speedy Gonzales put him high speed like the Warner Bros mouse by eating chile or by learning karate in El Karateca Azteca).

He made his last in movie in 1989, Mi Compadre Capulina and also his last TV series, Las Aventuras de Capulina, where he struggled in different adventures with the help of wrestler Tinieblas and sidekick Alushe.

His last TV work was a secondary character in telenovela El Diario de Daniela in 1996.

Capulina was also a theatrical actor and stand-up comedian. He toured with his act until 1997, when he retired, claiming that he was feeling too old to go on.

Death[edit]

Henaine died of complications with pneumonia and a gastric ulcer on 30 September 2011.[5]

Selected filmography[edit]

Year Film Role Notes
1950 Cuando acaba la noche as Los Trincas
1953 Ahí vienen los gorrones
1957 La sombra del otro
1958 Se los chupó la bruja Capulina
1958 Viaje a la luna Fireman
1958 Los legionarios Legionario Capulina
1958 La odalisca No. 13 Emir Ali Kaido
1958 Muertos de miedo Capulina
1958 A sablazo limpio Crispín Capulina
1959 Angelitos del trapecio Capulina
1960 Los tigres del desierto Capulina
1960 Dos locos en escena Capulina
1960 Dos criados malcriados Capulina
1960 El dolor de pagar la renta Capulina
1960 Cómicos y canciones Capulina
1960 Los desenfrenados Capulina
1961 Limosneros con garrote Capulina
1961 Un par... a todo dar Capulina
1961 Pegando con tubo Teniente Capulina
1961 Dos tontos y un loco
1962 Qué perra vida Capulina
1962 Cascabelito Capulina
1962 ¡En peligro de muerte!
1963 Los invisibles
1963 Barridos y regados
1964 Buenos días, Acapulco Detective Capulina
1964 Los astronautas Capulina
1964 La edad de piedra
1965 Los reyes del volante
1966 La vida de Pedro Infante Capulina
1966 Cada quién su lucha Capulina
1966 Dos meseros majaderos
1966 La batalla de los pasteles
1966 La cigüeña distraída Capulina Palacios / Capulina Corrales
1967 Detectives o ladrones..? (Dos agentes inocentes)
1967 Dos pintores pintorescos Capulina
1967 Un par de roba chicos
1967 El camino de los espantos last Viruta y Capulina film

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Viruta y Capulina filmaran en el estudio de Walt Disney". La Opinión. September 6, 1962. Retrieved 10 October 2013. 
  2. ^ "Cobran bien en la TV Viruta y Capulina". La Opinión. September 29, 1963. Retrieved 10 October 2013. 
  3. ^ Gordon, Ian; Jancovich, Mark; McAllister, Matthew P. (2007). Film and comic books. Univ. Press of Mississippi. p. 199. ISBN 978-1-57806-978-1. Retrieved 17 April 2011. 
  4. ^ Kuri Camacho, Ramón (2006). Chignahuapan: Sierra Norte de Puebla: voces y miradas de su historia, Volume 2. Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla. p. 71. ISBN 9688638986. 
  5. ^ "El rey del humor blanco, 'Capulina', muere tras semanas internado". CNN México. 30 September 2011. Retrieved 23 October 2013. 

External links[edit]