Car Nicobar-class patrol vessel
|Builders:||Garden Reach Shipbuilders and Engineers|
|Preceded by:||Bangaram-class patrol vessel|
|Cost:||500 million(s) (US$9.2 million)|
|Type:||Fast Attack Craft|
|Propulsion:||3 water jet propulsion engines producing 11,238 hp|
|Range:||2,000 miles @ 12–14 knots|
|Crew:||4 officers and 45 sailors|
|Furuno navigation radar
Surface search radars
|Armament:||1 x CRN-91 30mm autocannon
Igla SA-18 SAM
2 x 12.7mm HMGs
The Car Nicobar class of high-speed offshore patrol vessels are built by Garden Reach Shipbuilders and Engineers (GRSE) for the Indian Navy. The vessels are designed as a cost-effective platform for patrol, anti-piracy and rescue operations in India's Exclusive Economic Zone.
The Car Nicobar class vessels were designed and built by GRSE. Production of the class was fast-tracked after the 2008 Mumbai attacks. The vessels feature improved habitability with fully air-conditioned modular accommodation, on board reverse osmosis plant for desalination, and a sewage treatment plant.
The vessels are each powered by three HamiltonJet HM811 water jets, coupled with MTU 16V 4000 M90 engines, delivering a combined 8160 KW of power. An aluminium super-structure reduces weight and is designed to reduce radar cross-section.
As patrol vessels, they are lightly armed. They carry various sensors, including the Furuno navigation radar and sonar. Armament on board includes a 30mm CRN-91 automatic cannon with an electronic day-night fire control system of Ordnance Factory Board (OFB) and Bharat Electronics Limited (BEL) origin. The vessels also mount two 12.7mm heavy machine guns (HMG) and multiple medium machine guns, besides carrying shoulder-launched Igla surface-to-air missiles to combat aerial threats.
The first two vessels commissioned were initially restricted to speeds up to 27 knots (50 km/h; 31 mph) due to deficiency in the gearboxes, which was later rectified by KPCL. INS Kabra the eighth in the class has a top speed of more than 35 knots (65 km/h; 40 mph). The improved manoeuvrability and speed allows these vessels to have high-speed interdiction of fast-moving targets.
|Name||Pennant||Yard No.||Builder||Homeport||Keel laid||Launched||Commissioned||Status|
|INS Car Nicobar||T69||2057||GRSE||Chennai||23 November 2007||16 February 2009||Active|
|INS Chetlat||T70||2058||GRSE||Chennai||27 November 2007||16 February 2009||Active|
|INS Kora Divh||T71||2059||GRSE||Port Blair||16 July 2008||10 September 2009||Active|
|INS Cheriyam||T72||2060||GRSE||Karwar||16 July 2008||10 September 2009||Active|
|INS Cankarso||T73||2061||GRSE||Goa||29 July 2008||27 March 2009||29 June 2010||Active|
|INS Kondul||T74||2062||GRSE||Goa||29 July 2008||27 March 2009||29 June 2010||Active|
|INS Kalpeni||T75||2063||GRSE||Kochi||29 July 2008||27 March 2009||14 October 2010||Active|
|INS Kabra||T76||2064||GRSE||Kochi||29 March 2010||8 June 2011||Active|
|INS Koswari||T77||2065||GRSE||Port Blair||29 March 2010||12 July 2011||Active|
|INS Karuva||T78||2066||GRSE||Karwar||29 March 2010||25 Aug 2011||Active|
Operation Island Watch 
In January 2011, as a part of Operation Island Watch, INS Cankarso and INS Kalpeni were deployed on anti-piracy patrol to the west of the Lakshadweep archipelago. On 28 January, Cankarso responded to a Mayday call from a container ship. Upon reaching the site, she saw Somali pirate skiffs being hoisted aboard a hijacked Thai fishing trawler, Prantalay 14, which was being used as a pirate mother ship.
INS Cankarso ordered the pirated ship to stop for inspection. The pirates on board fired on Cankarso as they tried to flee west towards Somalia. Cankarso returned the fire, which hit some of the fuel drums stored on Prantalay 14's deck for refuelling the skiffs. The mother ship was set ablaze and sank, even as Kalpeni and an Indian Coast Guard patrol vessel, ICGS Sankalp, reached the site. 15 pirates were arrested, and the 20 crew of the fishing trawler were all rescued unharmed.
In another operation on 13 March 2011, an Indian Navy patrol aircraft spotted the Mozambique-registered fishing vessel, Vega 5, when responding to a merchant ship reporting a pirate attack. Beira-based Vega 5, owned by Spanish company Pescamar Lda, had been captured on 27 December 2010 by pirates who were demanding USD 1.8 million in ransom. INS Kalpeni intercepted the pirated ship about 1,100 kilometres (680 mi) off Kochi on India's west coast. A fire broke out on the vessel when Kalpeni returned fired after being fired upon by the pirates. 61 pirates were rescued and arrested after they jumped into the Arabian Sea to escape the fire. The crew of Kalpeni put out the fire on board the Vega 5, rescued her 13 crew members and escorted her to Mumbai. Rocket-propelled grenades and over 80 assault rifles were recovered from the pirates.
- "Two warships commissioned into Indian Navy fleet". Daily News & Analysis. 29 June 2010. Retrieved 2011-09-16.
- "Indian Navy to Commission INS Carnicobar, INS Chetlat". India Defence. 16 February 2009. Retrieved 2011-09-16.
- "GRSE delivers two warships from Rajabagan Dockyard". The Hindu Business Line. Retrieved 2011-09-16.
- "Fast Attack Craft INS Kabra commissioned". The Hindu. 9 June 2011. Retrieved 21 June 2012.
- Commissioning of INS Carnicobar & INS Chetlat
- Launching Ceremony of Kora Divh(Yard-2059) and Cheriyam (Yard-2060) on 16 Jul 2008
- Indian Navy inducts two fast attack crafts to boost surveillance
- [dead link]
- Launching Ceremony of Cankarso (Yard 2061), Kondul (Yard 2062), Kalpeni (Yard 2063) on 27 Mar 09
- [dead link]
- Indian Naval ship Kabra commissioning on Jun 8
- Indian Navy commissions Fast attack craft INS Koswari
- Fast attack warship INS Karuva commissioned
- Indigenously designed Fast Attack Crafts commissioned
- Naval ship that helped catch Somali pirates returns to Goa
- Handing over of WJFAC, Yd No. 2063 (Kalpeni) – 25 Aug 10
- India pushes back on Somali pirates' new 'mother ship' offensive – CSMonitor.com
- Pirate Mother Ship Prantalay Sinks off Lakshadweep during Anti Piracy Operations by India
- allAfrica.com: Mozambique: Pirates Demand Ransom, Say 'Vega 5' Relatives
- Indian Navy captures 61 pirates, rescues 13 sailors – India – DNA
- [dead link]
- Indian navy captures 61 pirates – The Daily Breeze
- Car Nicobar Class – Bharat Rakshak
- INS Chetlat launched at GRSE
- New age ship for patrol
- GRSE launches two modern warships for Indian Navy
- Commissioning ceremony of INS Kora Divh and INS Cheriyam
- Governor taking salute during commissioning ceremony
- INS Car Nicobar during commissioning ceremony
- INS Chetlat during commissioning ceremony