Car seat

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
"Driver's seat" redirects here. For the 1978 single by Sniff 'n' the Tears, see Driver's Seat.
This article is about the fixed seats installed in an automobile. For seats specially designed to protect children from injury or death in a vehicular collision, see Child safety seat. For the song by Blind Melon, see Car Seat (God's Presents).
A BMW car seat in common arrangement.

A car seat is the seat used in automobiles. Most car seats are made from inexpensive but durable material in order to withstand as much use as possible. The most common material is polyester.

Ergonomy: lumbar and thigh support[edit]

The lumbar is the region of the spine between the diaphragm and the pelvis; it supports the most weight and is the most flexible. The adjustable lumbar mechanisms in seats allow the user to change the seat back shape in this region, to make it more comfortable and include adjustable lumbar cushion. Some seats are long enough to support full thigh and follow back curves.


Main article: Child safety seat

A child restraint system, also commonly referred to as a child safety seat or a car seat, is a restraint which is secured to the seat of an automobile equipped with safety harnesses or seat belts, to hold a child in the event of a crash.

Anti-submarine seat[edit]

This kind of seat incorporates specially shaped panels in the forward edge of the seat cushion, reducing the tendency for the occupant to slide beneath the seatbelt in a severe frontal collision.[1] Anti-submarine seating is a safety feature which may be more important for the front seats than the rear seats.[2]

Bucket seat and bench seat[edit]

A bucket seat is a seat with a contoured platform to accommodate one person, distinct from a bench seat which is a flat platform designed to seat up to three people. Bucket seats are standard in fast cars to keep riders in place when making sharp or quick turns.

Power seats[edit]

Main article: Power seat
The power seat adjustments in a Lincoln Town Car. Here the seat controls are located on the door panels, next to the memory seat controls. Above the seat settings are the memory control settings which also set the mirrors and pedals.

Some car seat systems are set up with a battery-powered automatic control to adjust how the seat sits in the car.

In suitably equipped cars, seats and mirrors can be adjusted using electric controls. Some vehicles let the driver(s) save the adjustments in memory (memory seat) for later recall, with the push of a button. Most systems allow users to store more than one set of adjustments. This allows multiple drivers to store their comfort settings, or a single driver to store several different occupant positions. Some vehicles associate memorized settings with a specifically numbered, remotely operated key fob, resetting a seat to the position associated with that fob when the vehicle is unlocked (e.g. key fob #1 sets seats to memory position #1, #2 to #2, etc.).

Types of Car Seats[edit]

[3] Infant car seats ensure your child’s safety and comfort while in the car. Generally, they can last between 6 and 24 months, although this still varies depending on the size of the seat and the rate of your child’s growth. As soon as your little one has outgrown the car seat, it is time to switch to another car seat type that is intended for toddlers or preschoolers. The following are among the different types of car seats suitable for your child including the different features of each.

Infant Car Seat[edit]

An infant car seat is rear-facing to protect your child in the event of a car crash. It is suitable for newborns until they reach two years of age. This type of car seat can also serve as a carrier, which means you can keep your child secured inside it when you go anywhere out of the house. Most models of this car seat may be placed into a base or strapped into your car directly.

Convertible Car Seat[edit]

The best thing about a convertible car seat is that it can be used for newborns until they outgrow this seat, which makes this product a good choice for practical parents. You may either set up the seat in rear-facing or front-facing position, depending on the weight and age of your child. However, be sure to keep the seat in the rear-facing position until your child has reached two years old, as recommended by the American Academy of Pediatrics.

Booster Car Seat[edit]

This type of seat is not ideal for infants; instead, it is suitable for toddlers who are between 30 and 80 pounds. It comes with its own harness or buckles that you can adjust depending on your child’s size. The best way to choosing the best booster car seat is by trying the car seat out with your toddler.

Seat construction[edit]



  • Backrest angle
  • Cushion edge
  • Fore-and-aft position
  • Headrest angle
  • Headrest level
  • Lumbar position
  • Seat depth
  • Seat height
  • The upper section of the seat backrest, may be tilted to the front for optimum, individual shoulder support
  • Variable head support at the sides
  • Cushion Tilt
  • Turning Seat

Climate control and ventilation[edit]

Some vehicles includes the option of seat climate control (i.e. heating by seat warmers) and ventilation. Ventilation was introduced in 1997 by Saab and heating by Cadillac in 1966.

Backseats and fold-down[edit]

New car models includes fold-down seating (e.g. Honda Fit and, to a lesser extent, Toyota Corolla/Verso), to gain transport space.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Freelander By Land Rover". My Freelander/Land Rover. Retrieved 2 November 2010. 
  2. ^ "Question 'N' Auto". Retrieved 20 October 2010. 
  3. ^ Harry (Aug 28, 2014), "Car Seat", Best Infant Car Seat, Retrieved 2014-08-28

External links[edit]