Carbon County, Pennsylvania
|Carbon County, Pennsylvania|
Location in the state of Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania's location in the U.S.
|Founded||March 13, 1843|
|• Total||387 sq mi (1,002 km2)|
|• Land||381 sq mi (987 km2)|
|• Water||6 sq mi (16 km2), 1.06%|
|• Density||171/sq mi (66.1/km²)|
|Time zone||Eastern: UTC-5/-4|
Carbon County marks the northern border of the Lehigh Valley region of the state and is considered part of the state's Coal Region, though the eastern and northeastern sections are considered part of the Pocono Mountains region. Some consider lower Carbon County, including Palmerton and Lehighton areas, as part of the Lehigh Valley in spite of being north of Blue Mountain.
- 1 History
- 2 Law and government
- 3 Geography
- 4 Demographics
- 5 Municipalities
- 6 Education
- 7 Recreation
- 8 See also
- 9 References
- 10 External links
The first settlement in Carbon County was the Moravian mission Gnadenhutten, established in 1745. Deeply moved by the deplorable state of the Leni Lenape Indians in America, twelve Moravian missionaries left their home in Herrnhut Germany and traveled by sea to the wilderness of Pennsylvania, a place known for religious tolerance under the auspices of Count Zinzendorf. Located where Lehighton now stands, Gnadenhutten exemplified communal simplicity. Home to hundreds of Lenni Lenape (Delaware) and Mahican Indians. The mission was a scene of quiet, humble and unobtrusive heroism and the Indians' shelter. Although the wilderness of Carbon County was quite treacherous, the Moravians traveled in the wilds of Carbon County undaunted. By 1752, increased hostility put Gnadenhutten at risk for attack, but the missionaries' pious good works did not go unnoticed. The frankness and earnestness of the simple Moravians had won respect with the many tribes of Pennsylvania Indians, and they lived without incident until 1755. 
Carbon County has a rich history. Some interesting people have passed through her mountains, including the Moravian mystic Count Zinzendorf, John James Audubon, Benjamin Franklin, and many more.
Blessed with a unique geography, Carbon County dazzled the adventurous travelers of the Victorian era, just as it attracts adventurers today. Aesthetically not much has changed of this unique landscape; written in 1877, the following passage is still valid today: "Such rough and tumble experience, climbing mountains, falling over rocks, exploring wild ravines, diving into coal mines, and riding on every description of conveyance which it has entered into the mind of man to run on." Home of the Lehigh Gorge State Park, Carbon County is an ideal place for hikers, cyclists, history buffs and adventurers.
Law and government
As of November 2008, there are 39,591 registered voters in Carbon County .
Carbon County is one of the most competitive counties in Pennsylvania. Republicans hold the commissioner majority while Democrats hold all county row offices. Al Gore carried it in 2000, and in 2004, Republican George W. Bush defeated Democrat John Kerry 49.99% to 48.81% or a margin of 296 votes.
In 2008 it voted for Democrat Barack Obama over Republican John McCain by a close margin of 49.77% to 47.90% (507 votes.) The other three statewide winners (Rob McCord for Treasurer, Jack Wagner for Auditor General, and Tom Corbett for Attorney General) also carried Carbon.  In 2012 Mitt Romney carried Carbon in the Presidential election.
- Wayne Nothstein, Chairman, Republican
- Thomas Gerhard, Republican
- William O'Gurek, Democratic
Pennsylvania State Senate
- John Yudichak, Democrat, Pennsylvania's 14th Senatorial District
- Dave Argall, Republican, Pennsylvania's 29th Senatorial District
Pennsylvania House of Representatives
United States House of Representatives
- Lou Barletta, Republican, Pennsylvania's 11th congressional district
- Matthew Cartwright, Democrat, Pennsylvania's 17th congressional district
United States Senate
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 387 square miles (1,002.3 km2), of which 381 square miles (986.8 km2) is land and 6 square miles (15.5 km2) (1.60%) is water. Blue Mountain forms the southern boundary of Carbon. The northeast area of the county is located in the Pocono Mountains and the northwest area includes portions of Broad Mountain and Spring Mountain. It is drained by the Lehigh River except for a small area in western Packer Township and the borough of Lansford that are drained by the Still Creek and Panther Creek, respectively, into the Little Schuylkill River and the Schuylkill River, and the Audenried area in the northwest corner that drains into the Susquehanna River via the Catawissa Creek. The Lehigh cuts a gorge between Jim Thorpe and White Haven which hosts the Lehigh Gorge State Park.
- Luzerne County (north)
- Monroe County (east)
- Northampton County (southeast)
- Lehigh County (south)
- Schuylkill County (southwest)
As of the census of 2000, there were 58,802 people, 23,701 households, and 16,424 families residing in the county. The population density was 154 people per square mile (60/km²). There were 30,492 housing units at an average density of 80 per square mile (31/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.82% White, 0.60% Black or African American, 0.16% Native American, 0.31% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.32% from other races, and 0.76% from two or more races. 1.46% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 29.4% were of German, 10.1% Irish, 9.2% Italian, 7.9% American, 6.6% Slovak, 6.0% Polish and 5.8% Pennsylvania German ancestry according to Census 2000.
There were 23,701 households out of which 28.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.80% were married couples living together, 9.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.70% were non-families. 26.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.93.
In the county, the population was spread out with 22.20% under the age of 18, 6.90% from 18 to 24, 28.30% from 25 to 44, 24.20% from 45 to 64, and 18.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 94.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.30 males.
Under Pennsylvania law, there are four types of incorporated municipalities: cities, boroughs, townships, and, in the case of Bloomsburg, a town. The following boroughs and townships are located in Carbon County:
Census-designated places are geographical areas designated by the U.S. Census Bureau for the purposes of compiling demographic data. They are not actual jurisdictions under Pennsylvania law. Other unincorporated communities, such as villages, may be listed here as well.
Community, Junior and Technical Colleges
- Lehigh Carbon Community College – Carbon Campus, Nesquehoning
Public School Districts
- Hazleton Area School District (also in Luzerne and Schuylkill Counties)
- Jim Thorpe Area School District
- Lehighton Area School District
- Palmerton Area School District
- Panther Valley School District (also in Schuylkill County)
- Weatherly Area School District
- There are 11 public cyber charter schools in Pennsylvania that are available for free statewide, to children K-12. See: Education in Pennsylvania.
Mauch Chunk Lake is a county-run park that offers swimming, camping, hiking and cross country skiing in the winter. There are three Pennsylvania state parks in Carbon County.
- Beltzville State Park
- Lehigh Gorge State Park stretches along the Lehigh River in Luzerne County and into Carbon County.
- Hickory Run State Park
- Media in the Lehigh Valley
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Carbon County, Pennsylvania
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 16, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Rebecca M. Rabenold-Finsel, Carbon County: Postcard History (South Carolina: Arcadia Publishing 2004), 9.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved November 16, 2013.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Carbon County.|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Carbon County, Pennsylvania.|