Carbon tetrachloride (data page)

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This page provides supplementary chemical data on carbon tetrachloride.

Material Safety Data Sheet[edit]

The handling of this chemical may incur notable safety precautions. It is highly recommend that you seek the Material Safety Datasheet (MSDS) for this chemical from a reliable source such as SIRI, and follow its directions. MSDS for carbon tetrachloride is available at Fisher Scientific.

Structure and properties[edit]

Structure and properties
Index of refraction, nD 1.460
Abbe number ?
Dielectric constant, εr 2.2379 ε0 at 20 °C
Bond strength  ?
Bond length 175pm
Bond angle 109.5° Cl–C–Cl
Magnetic susceptibility  ?
Surface tension 28.0 dyn/cm at 10°C
26.8 dyn/cm at 20°C
22.2 dyn/cm at 75°C
Viscosity[1] 0.9578 mPa·s at 21°C
0.901 mPa·s at 25 °C
0.7928 mPa·s at 35°C
0.4056 mPa·s at 99°C

Thermodynamic properties[edit]

Phase behavior
Triple point 249 K (–24 °C), ? Pa
Critical point 556.4 K (283.3 °C), 4493 kPa, 3.625 mol.dm−3
Std enthalpy change
of fusion
, ΔfusHo
2.52 kJ/mol
Std entropy change
of fusion
, ΔfusSo
10.1 J/(mol·K)
Std enthalpy change
of vaporization
, ΔvapHo
32.54 kJ/mol
Std entropy change
of vaporization
, ΔvapSo
92.82 J/(mol·K) at 76°C
Solid properties
Std enthalpy change
of formation
, ΔfHosolid
 ? kJ/mol
Standard molar entropy,
Sosolid
 ? J/(mol K)
Heat capacity, cp 44.22 J/(mol K) at -227 °C (46 K)
Liquid properties
Std enthalpy change
of formation
, ΔfHoliquid
–128.4 kJ/mol
Standard molar entropy,
Soliquid
214.39 J/(mol K)
Enthalpy of combustion, ΔcHo –359.9 kJ/mol
Heat capacity, cp 131.3 J/(mol K)
Gas properties
Std enthalpy change
of formation
, ΔfHogas
–95.98 kJ/mol
Standard molar entropy,
Sogas
309.65 J/(mol K)
Heat capacity, cp 82.65 J/(mol K)
van der Waals' constants[2] a = 2066 L2 kPa/mol2
b = 0.1383 liter per mole

Vapor pressure of liquid[edit]

P in mm Hg 1 10 40 100 400 760 1520 3800 7600 15200 30400 45600
T in °C –50.0(s) –19.6 4.3 23.0 57.8 76.7 102.0 141.7 178.0 222.0 276.0   —

Table data obtained from CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics 47th ed. Note that "(s)" annotation indicates equilibrium temperature of vapor over solid. Otherwise the temperature is equilibrium of vapor over liquid.

log10 of Carbon tetrachloride vapor pressure. Uses formula: \scriptstyle \log_e P_{mmHg} =\scriptstyle \log_e (\frac{760}{101.325}) - 9.113968 \log_e(T+273.15) - \frac {6263.383}{T+273.15} + 74.99482 + 7.411446 \times 10^{-06} (T+273.15)^2 obtained from CHERIC[3]

Distillation data[edit]

Vapor-liquid Equilibrium
for Carbon tetrachloride/n-hexane
[4]
P = 760 mmHg
BP
Temp.
°C
 % by mole CCl4
liquid vapor
68.8 2.6 2.3
68.9 8.1 7.1
69.0 14.0 12.5
69.2 20.3 17.9
69.4 26.4 23.3
69.6 32.5 28.6
69.9 38.5 33.8
70.3 44.8 39.4
70.7 50.9 44.8
70.7 51.6 45.5
71.1 57.0 50.5
71.6 63.1 56.2
72.2 69.1 62.2
72.9 74.8 68.1
73.6 80.7 74.5
74.4 86.5 81.2
75.4 92.5 88.8
76.4 98.2 97.2
   
Vapor-liquid Equilibrium
for Carbon tetrachloride/benzene
[4]
P = 760 mmHg
BP
Temp.
°C
 % by mole CCl4
liquid vapor
79.9 2.1 2.5
79.7 6.1 7.2
79.2 12.4 14.4
78.8 18.8 21.3
78.5 25.1 28.1
78.1 31.3 34.4
77.8 37.6 40.7
77.6 43.9 46.7
77.3 49.5 52.0
77.3 50.1 52.5
77.1 55.9 58.2
77.0 62.2 64.1
76.8 68.6 70.1
76.7 75.1 76.0
76.7 81.5 82.0
76.7 87.8 88.1
76.7 93.9 94.1
76.7 97.8 97.9
   
Vapor-liquid Equilibrium
for Carbon tetrachloride/acetone
[4]
P = 760 mmHg
BP
Temp.
°C
 % by mole acetone
liquid vapor
76.74 0.00 0.00
70.80 5.90 20.25
68.74 8.70 27.10
64.45 17.90 40.75
61.91 26.40 48.95
59.83 37.40 56.55
58.74 45.10 61.25
57.94 52.55 65.50
57.18 61.65 70.65
56.67 69.60 75.60
56.36 76.20 79.85
56.15 82.95 84.60
56.01 89.50 89.80
56.02 91.40 91.50
55.99 95.30 95.20
56.08 100.00 100.00

Spectral data[edit]

UV-Vis
λmax  ? nm
Extinction coefficient, ε  ?
IR
Major absorption bands  ? cm−1
NMR
Proton NMR  
Carbon-13 NMR  
Other NMR data  
MS
Masses of
main fragments
 

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lange's Handbook of Chemistry, 10th ed. pp 1669-1674
  2. ^ CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics 47th ed, p D-104
  3. ^ "Pure Component Properties" (Queriable database). Chemical Engineering Research Information Center. Retrieved 17 May 2007. 
  4. ^ a b c "Binary Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium Data" (Queriable database). Chemical Engineering Research Information Center. Retrieved 17 May 2007. 

Except where noted otherwise, data relate to standard ambient temperature and pressure.

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