Carbonemys

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Carbonemys
Temporal range: Danian
Carbonemys Cofrinii.jpg
Live restoration of Carbonemys
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Testudines (=Chelonii)
Suborder: Pleurodira
Family: Podocnemididae
Genus: Carbonemys
Cadena et al., 2012
Type species
Carbonemys cofrinii
Cadena et al., 2012

Carbonemys is an extinct genus of pelomedusoid turtle known from the early Paleocene Cerrejón Formation of Colombia. It contains a single species, Carbonemys cofrinii.[1]

In 2005, a 60-million-year-old fossil specimen was discovered in a Colombian coal mine by a North Carolina State doctoral student named Edwin Cadena. It had a shell that measured about 1.72 metres (5 ft 8 in), making it one of the world's largest turtles.[2][3]

They lived 5 million years after the mass extinction event of many species of dinosaurs. Their jaws were massive and powerful enough to eat crocodiles.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cadena, E. A.; Ksepka, D. T.; Jaramillo, C. A.; Bloch, J. I. (2012). "New pelomedusoid turtles from the late Palaeocene Cerrejón Formation of Colombia and their implications for phylogeny and body size evolution". Journal of Systematic Palaeontology 10 (2): 313. doi:10.1080/14772019.2011.569031.  edit
  2. ^ "Researchers reveal ancient giant turtle fossil". Phys.Org. 17 May 2012. Retrieved 18 May 2012. 
  3. ^ Maugh II, Thomas H. (18 May 2012). "Researchers find fossil of a turtle that was size of a Smart car". LA Times. Retrieved 18 May 2012. 
  4. ^ "Car-sized Turtle Found in Colombian Coal Mine : Discovery News". News.discovery.com. 2012-05-18. Retrieved 2012-06-14. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Cadena, Edwin A., David T. Ksepka, Calos A. Jaramillo, and Jonathan I. Bloch. 2012. New pelomedusoid turtles from the late Palaeocene Cerrejón Formation of Colombia and their implications for phylogeny and body size evolution. Journal of Systematic Paleontology 10 (2): 313-331.