|• Land||0.74 km2 (0.29 sq mi)|
|Elevation||659 m (2,161 ft)|
|• Density||17.9/km2 (46/sq mi)|
|• Change 2006-11||3.2%|
|Time zone||Pacific (PST) (UTC-8)|
|• Summer (DST)||PDT (UTC-7)|
Carcross, originally known as Caribou Crossing, is an unincorporated community in Yukon, Canada on Bennett Lake and Nares Lake and is home to the Carcross/Tagish First Nation. As of the 2011 census it had a population of 289.
It is 74 km (46 mi) south-southeast by the Alaska Highway and the Klondike Highway from Whitehorse. The south end of the Tagish Road is in Carcross. Carcross is also on the White Pass and Yukon Route railway.
Caribou Crossing was named after the migration of huge numbers of caribou across the natural land bridge between Lake Bennett and Nares Lake. That caribou herd was decimated during the Klondike Gold Rush, but a recovery program raised the number of animals to about 450.
The modern village began in 1896, during the Klondike Gold Rush. At the time, Caribou Crossing was a popular stopping place for prospectors going to and from the gold fields of Dawson City.
Silver mining was promoted nearby in Conrad, Yukon in the early 1900s, but there was little to be found and mining efforts soon ended. Mineral exploration continues today, but tourism is far more important to the economy of the community. The book Fractured Veins & Broken Dreams by Murray Lundberg details a nearly complete history of Conrad.
Community Population Over Time
- Population as of the Canada 1996 Census: 196
- Population as of the Canada 2001 Census: 152
- Population as of the Canada 2006 Census: 331 (280)
- Population as of the Government of Yukon 2008 estimates: 431
- Population as of the Canada 2011 Census: 289
- Population as of the Government of Yukon 2012 estimates: 436
Carcross relies on tourism to support the local economy. It lies on the Klondike Highway between Whitehorse and Skagway, Alaska and offers a variety of historic attractions and outdoor activities. Popular with road traffic including tour buses and RVs, in 2007 the White Passrailway also resumed service to Carcross railway station.
Just north of the town is the Carcross Desert, often referred to as the "world's smallest desert." There are two small airports located in the area, Carcross Airport is adjacent to the town and Carcross Water Aerodrome located on Tagish Lake.
- FM 90.5 - VF2039, First Nations community radio
- FM 97.5 - CIKO, school radio
- FM 105.5 - VF2360, TIS/weather
- "Statistics Canada. 2011 Population and dwelling counts. Carcross, Settlement Yukon (Census subdivision)". Retrieved 23 October 2012.
- Elevation at Carcross Airport as per Canada Flight Supplement. Effective 0901Z 17 October 2013 to 0901Z 12 December 2013
- "Statistics Canada. 2001 Population and dwelling counts. Carcross, Settlement Yukon (Settlement)". Retrieved 23 October 2012.
- The drop in population is due to a change in the boundary. See Population and dwelling counts. Carcross, Note A
- Community Populations by Age Groups, June 2008
- Community Populations by Age Groups, March 2012
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