Card Sharks

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This article is about the television game show. For the terms "card shark" and "card sharp", see Card sharp.
Card Sharks
Card Sharks '86.jpg
Created by Chester Feldman
Presented by Jim Perry (1978–1981)
Bob Eubanks (1986–1989)
Bill Rafferty (1986–1987 Syn.)
Pat Bullard (2001–2002)
Narrated by Gene Wood (1978–1981, 1986–1989)
Gary Kroeger (2001–2002)
Country of origin United States
No. of episodes 864 (NBC)
826 (CBS)[1]
195 (1986–1987 Syn.)
65 (2001-2002 Syn.)
Production
Location(s) NBC Studios
Burbank, California (1978–1981)
CBS Television City
Hollywood, California (1986–1989)
Tribune Studios
Hollywood, California (2001–2002)
Running time 22–26 minutes
Production company(s) Mark Goodson-Bill Todman Productions (1978-81)
Mark Goodson Productions (1986-89)
Distributor The Television Program Source (1986-87 Syndicated)
Pearson Television (2001-2002 Syndicated)
FremantleMedia (Current)
Broadcast
Original channel NBC (1978–1981)
CBS (1986–1989)
Syndicated (1986–1987, 2001–2002)
Audio format Mono (NBC)
Stereo (CBS/Syn.)
Original airing First Run
April 24, 1978 (1978-04-24)–October 23, 1981 (1981-10-23)
Second Run
January 6, 1986 (1986-01-06)–March 31, 1989 (1989-03-31)
(CBS Daytime)
September 8, 1986 (1986-09-08)–September 11, 1987 (1987-09-11)
(Daily Syndication)
Third Run
September 17, 2001 (2001-09-17)–January 11, 2002 (2002-01-11)
(Daily Syndication)

Card Sharks is an American television game show created by Chester Feldman for Mark Goodson-Bill Todman Productions. Two contestants compete for control of a row of oversized playing cards by answering questions posed by the host and then guessing if the next card is higher or lower in value than the previous one. The concept has been made into a series four separate times since its debut in 1978, and also appeared as part of CBS's Gameshow Marathon. The primary announcer for the first three series was Gene Wood.

Gameplay[edit]

Two contestants, one of which was typically the returning champion, were assigned an oversized deck of 52 playing cards and were dealt the first five cards for their row. The champion (or champion-designate if there were two new contestants) played the red cards on top while the challenger played the blue cards on the bottom. Each contestant's row of cards had a bracket atop it, which was used to mark their "base cards."

Questions[edit]

Contestants alternated responding to questions to gain control of the cards. Survey questions were posed to groups of 100 people, all of whom were typically in a common demographic group (e.g., of the same profession, all male, all over the age of 50, etc.). Contestants were asked to predict how many of those 100 people responded in a specific manner. Their opponent was then asked whether the actual number was higher or lower than the previous contestant's response. The actual number was then revealed, and if the opponent was correct, they played their cards first; otherwise the contestant to whom the question was posed played first. Later, a $500 bonus was awarded to any contestant who provided the exact number of people responding to a specific question.

The CBS and syndicated versions from 1986–1989 featured two new varieties of questions in addition to the traditional survey questions:

  • Beginning in July 1986, the audience poll was a question asked of a group of studio audience members (usually 10 members) selected for a shared characteristic such as gender or occupation. If a contestant guessed the exact number of audience members who made a certain response to one of these questions, he or she won a $100 bonus and the poll group was given $100 to share. The same poll group was used for a week's worth of episodes.
  • Introduced in October 1986, the educated guess questions were general knowledge trivia questions which had numerical answers. Exact guesses won a $500 bonus for the contestant. Guesses and responses were originally registered on the displays; this later changed to the guesses and responses superimposed on the displays, as they could be more than 99, which was the highest number the displays could register.

Playing the cards[edit]

The contestant in control was shown the first card in the row of five, the so-called "base card," and could either keep it or replace it with the next card off the top of the deck, which they had to play. The contestant then guessed whether the next card in the row was higher or lower, and continued to do so as long as he or she guessed correctly. If two duplicate cards appeared (i.e., two consecutive Aces) or the contestant made an incorrect guess, that contestant lost control and whatever cards they had played were discarded and replaced. The opposing contestant then had a chance to play from his or her base card, but without the opportunity to exchange first. Either contestant could also elect to "freeze" their position if they were unsure of the next card; this would both prevent the opponent from playing and reset the contestant's base card to the frozen card and whatever cards that were turned in that instance were not discarded. In the final few months of the NBC Card Sharks, if a contestant was able to complete their row without freezing, he or she won a $500 bonus. None of the revivals kept this bonus.

If neither contestant had guessed all the cards in his or her row correctly, or if one had frozen his or her position, play continued with another toss-up question. The first two rounds consisted of a maximum of four questions each (changed from four questions to three briefly in the Rafferty run), and the third tie-breaker round contained a maximum of three questions (briefly changed to two on the Rafferty version). If the contestants still had not cleared their row of cards prior to the last question of the round, that question was played as "sudden death." The winner of the sudden death question could either play their cards and change their base card if they desired or pass to their opponent, who had to play without changing. If either contestant guessed incorrectly, their opponent automatically won the game.

The 1970s and 1980s Card Sharks matches were best two-out-of-three, with the third match being played with three cards per contestant and three high-low questions until 1988, when it was replaced with a tiebreaker round which consisted of a single sudden death question. The controlling contestant was shown both base cards before being given the option to play the cards and change their base card if desired or pass to the opponent, who had to play without changing. As before, if either contestant guessed incorrectly, their opponent automatically won the match.

On the 1970s and 1980s network editions of Card Sharks, and for the first four weeks of the 1986 syndicated series, each game win was worth $100 for the contestants, with the first player to win two games winning the match and playing the Money Cards bonus round. Beginning on September 29, 1986, and continuing for the remainder of the syndicated series, a series of cards with prizes and cash amounts on them were shuffled into each player's deck. Once one of these cards was revealed, the prize would be placed in a holding area at the end of the game board and the player in control played the next card off the top of the deck. The player who won the match received all the prizes on his or her side of the board, if there were any, and advanced to play the Money Cards. However, game wins no longer paid money.

2001 version[edit]

In 2001, both contestants played the same row of seven cards. Each incorrect call gave the other contestant control of the remaining cards. A contestant won the game and $500 by guessing the last card correctly or by an opponent calling the last card incorrectly. The first contestant to win two games competed against the winner of the second match. Both contestants kept their winnings if they won a game. If both contestants were tied with one game each, a three-card tiebreaker round was played to determine the winner. At the beginning of each match, players were given two "Clip Chips", which when used would see them try to predict the results of a video clip with the right to change the card in play if correct. Clip Chips could not be used in the tiebreaker round, however.

The championship match consisted of one game with seven cards, played as before. The winner of the championship match won $1,100 and played the Money Cards and the losing contestant won a trip to Las Vegas in addition to their prior winnings.

Money Cards[edit]

The winner of the main game played the Money Cards bonus game for a chance to win additional money. The Money Cards board consisted of a series of eight cards on three levels. On the 1970s Card Sharks, a contestant was able to change the base card on each of the three levels (originally only the base card at the beginning of the game). The 1980s series gave the contestant a choice of three pre-dealt cards to use for changes. Contestants were originally allowed to change cards at will (even three times on one card), but the rules were changed to one card per line in early 1986.

$200 ($700 in 2001) was given to the contestant at the beginning of the first level, and they would use that money to wager on whether or not the next card was higher or lower. Making a correct guess added the value of the wager to the contestant's bank, while an incorrect guess cost the contestant the wager.

When the contestant cleared the first level or ran out of money ("busted"), the last played card was moved up to the second level and the contestant received additional money ($200 on the NBC series, $400 on the 1986–1989 editions, and $700 in 2001) to bet with. Minimum bets on the first two levels were $50 and had to be made in increments of $50 ($100 on the 2001 edition). If a contestant still had money left after clearing the second level, the last card was moved to the top line for the "Big Bet" ("Major Wager" on the 2001 version, and reaching this level also added another $700). There, the contestant had to wager at least half of their remaining bank on one last call. However, if a contestant busted on the second or third row, the game ended (and included the "losing horns" theme from The Price is Right). The most a contestant could win on the NBC version was $28,800, which was accomplished only once by contestant Norma Brown. Contestants could win up to $32,000 on the 1980s series; the highest amount won was $29,000.[citation needed] Contestants on the 2001 edition could win up to $51,800.

Originally, if a contestant turned over a duplicate card (i.e., two consecutive Aces), it was counted as a loss. Beginning on October 20, 1980, a contestant was no longer penalized in the Money Cards for duplicate cards. After that, the hosts encouraged contestants to bet all their money on Aces and twos as they were guaranteed not to lose any money. This rule was abolished partway through the 2001 version.

Car games[edit]

A secondary bonus game was introduced on both 1980s Card Sharks series which gave a winning contestant a chance to win a new car. During these series' runs there were two different car games, one involving Jokers and the other the audience poll group.

Beginning on September 29, 1986 in syndication and October 27, 1986 on CBS, a winning contestant received one Joker for winning the match. Three more were added to the Money Cards deck, and if a contestant uncovered them they received an additional chance to win the car. After the Money Cards round was over, a row of seven numbered cards was wheeled out and the contestant placed whatever Jokers they'd earned over the cards in the hopes that behind one of them was the word "CAR". During the special weeks when children played, the top prize was usually a trip to Hawaii (with either "WIN" or "HAWAII" displayed on one of the cards) and the children were given two Jokers to start. On the last episode of the 1986 syndicated version, all four Jokers were given to the final champion at the outset. This bonus round was played until July 1, 1988.

Beginning on July 4, 1988, the winning contestant had to correctly predict one final audience poll question. To record their guess, the contestant used a special prop with a dial and the numbers 0 through 10 on it. The contestant moved the dial to the number they thought was correct, and if it was they won the car. Missing by one in either direction won the contestant $500 as a consolation prize, while any other incorrect guess won nothing.

Gameshow Marathon version[edit]

On Gameshow Marathon, a contestant started with $1,000 in betting money for the first two rows and had to wager at least half the money on the Big Bet. Minimum bets were still $50 and contestants could change one card per line by using one of the three pre-dealt cards in the numbered slots. The rule of not penalizing contestants when duplicate cards appeared was also used. The maximum payoff was $144,000.

Returning champions[edit]

On the original series, contestants could return until they either lost a game or won seven consecutive matches. On the CBS version, contestants played until they either won five consecutive matches or reached the network's winnings limit, which was originally $50,000 when the series debuted and extended to $75,000 in the fall of 1986. An unspecified winnings limit existed on the 1986 syndicated series, as well as a rule that limited the number of cars a champion could win. For the first few weeks, the car game was played for a luxury automobile/sports car (always from General Motors) and if a player won it, he/she automatically retired. Beginning in October 1986 mid-priced sports cars were used and the limit became three cars. By January 1987, some of the same base-model cars that were used on the CBS network Card Sharks began to be used on the syndicated series (from American Motors' Renault and Jeep marques), and the limit was reduced to two.

The 2001 version was self-contained, with no returning champions.

Tournaments[edit]

Card Sharks held many themed tournament weeks, including competitions for children, celebrities, and game show hosts. The hosts who participated in that event were Allen Ludden, Gene Rayburn, Bill Cullen, Wink Martindale, Tom Kennedy, Alex Trebek, Jack Clark and Jim Lange.

Broadcast history[edit]

The original Card Sharks aired on NBC from April 24, 1978 to October 23, 1981, hosted by Jim Perry. From its debut until June 20, 1980, Card Sharks aired at 10:00 AM (ET)/9:00 AM (CT/MT/PT). The series was one of the few respectable daytime performers on NBC under Fred Silverman's tenure as network president, which at the time was struggling to gain ratings in both daytime and primetime. After a scheduling shuffle necessitated by the debut of The David Letterman Show on June 23, 1980, Card Sharks moved to Noon/11:00 AM, a timeslot where it faced the top-rated game show in daytime, Family Feud on ABC; the first half of The Young and the Restless in certain markets on CBS; and pre-emptions on local affiliates due to many stations electing to air local newscasts, talk shows, or other syndicated programming in the Noon hour. Card Sharks remained in the Noon/11:00 slot until its cancellation.

The CBS revival of Card Sharks debuted at 10:30/9:30 AM on January 6, 1986 as a replacement for Body Language, and stayed in that timeslot for its entire run; Press Your Luck relocated to the latter show's old 4:00/3:00PM slot to make room for Card Sharks. Until January 1987, Card Sharks faced off against its original host Jim Perry's game show Sale of the Century on NBC in the time slot. Blockbusters (with the then-host of the syndicated Card Sharks, Bill Rafferty) and then Alex Trebek's Classic Concentration followed as competition for Card Sharks. The revival ended its run on March 31, 1989, and was replaced by a short-lived revival of Now You See It. The new host of the revival show was Bob Eubanks.

The 1986 Bill Rafferty-hosted syndicated series debuted on September 8, 1986. For the first half of the season this syndicated Card Sharks series had fairly decent clearances, but this changed due to the show's ratings struggles in an overcrowded syndicated game show market. At the midseason point the syndication Card Sharks disappeared from quite a few of its markets, and many of the stations that continued to air the series moved it to a very undesirable timeslot such as the late-night or early morning hours. The series continued to air until June 5, 1987, in the markets that kept it, with reruns airing until September 11, 1987.

The most recent regular Card Sharks series, the Pat Bullard-hosted 2001 series, debuted on September 17, 2001 and aired new episodes until December 14, 2001. Four weeks of reruns aired following that, and the series was cancelled altogether on January 11, 2002. In most of its markets the 2001 Card Sharks was either paired with or aired on the same station as one or both of the Pearson Television-produced shows that were airing at the time, To Tell the Truth or Family Feud.

On June 15, 2006 the series was the fifth of seven game shows used in the CBS series Gameshow Marathon hosted by Ricki Lake. The set was modeled after the Perry version and also used its theme, opening sequence and logo; the use of "audience poll" questions and the car game were taken from the Eubanks/Rafferty versions.

Gene Wood was the primary announcer on both the original and 1980s Card Sharks versions. Johnny Olson was the announcer for the 1978 pilots. Bob Hilton substituted for Wood on different occasions on all three versions. In addition to Hilton, on the NBC version, Olson, Jack Narz, Charlie O'Donnell, and Jay Stewart substituted for Wood on different occasions. On the CBS version, O'Donnell, Johnny Gilbert, and Rod Roddy also substituted for Wood on occasion. Gary Kroeger was the announcer for the 2001 version, and Rich Fields was the announcer of the Gameshow Marathon version.

Music[edit]

The theme for the NBC version was previously used on the Goodson-Todman series Double Dare with host Alex Trebek that aired in 1976 on CBS. Edd Kalehoff wrote that theme through Score Productions, and the theme for the 1980s version of Card Sharks through his own production company.

The music used for the car plug on both the CBS & Syndicated versions were also used on The Price is Right, including The Match Game-Hollywood Squares Hour theme. If a contestant lost the Money Cards or the car game, the losing horns from Price were also used.

Composers Gregory Sherman, Alan Ett and Scott Liggett were responsible for the 2001 series theme.[citation needed]

Recording locations[edit]

The NBC version was taped at NBC Studios in Burbank, California in the same studio which housed Perry's next game, Sale of the Century. Both 1980s versions were taped at Studio 33 (known as the Bob Barker Studio since 1998) at CBS Television City in Hollywood, California. The 2001 version was taped at Tribune Studios, now known as the Sunset Bronson Studios, which are part of KTLA. The Gameshow Marathon version of Card Sharks was also taped at CBS Television City in Studio 46.

Merchandise[edit]

  • The first Card Sharks home game was a computer-based video game released by Sharedata, Inc. and Softie, Inc. in 1988 for the Apple II and Commodore 64 units and all IBM compatible computers.[2] Although the host was based on Jim Perry, the game's logo and gameplay were based on the Eubanks/Rafferty versions of the 1980s Card Sharks series, using the single sudden-death question tiebreaker in the main game and the Joker car game following the Money Cards. If a contestant got an exact guess on a question in the main game, he or she won a $100 bonus, instead of the $500 bonus on the show. Also, unlike the show, the game did not use the educated guess or audience poll questions.
  • In celebration of the shows' 25th anniversary, Endless Gamesreleased a board game adaptation in 2002.[3] Again, a mixing of elements from different versions occurred, as the game logo/fonts from the 2001 version was used on the majority of the game elements but employed the Perry-era front-end gameplay (awarding $500 for a main game win) and the Eubanks/Rafferty-era "Money Cards" format.
  • A version for mobile phones was released on June 1, 2005 by Telescope Inc.,[4] which also used the logo from 2001–02, its theme music was a remix of the 1978-81 version, the rules and gameplay were based from a variety of the 70s and 80s variants. More survey questions were also available for download.
  • A single-player online version was once released by the now defunct website uproar.com. the logo and set was similar like its 2001–02 counterpart while its gameplay (minus the poll questions) was very similar to the 70s and 80s counterparts.
  • The now defunct website Gameshow24.com had their online version of Card Sharks in 2004.[5] along with its logo and set based on the original 1978-81 version, the main theme song had a unique mixture of both the '78 and '01 versions. and like its Uproar.com counterpart it had no poll questions either, but its gameplay was very similar to that of The Price Is Right where players have to guess grocery items that were 'higher' or 'lower' than the ones that proceeds it.

Unrealeased merchandise[edit]

Gametek was originally going to release a port for the NES based on the Rafferty/Eubanks version but plans for it were later scrapped in development.[6]

International versions[edit]

The most significant difference to many foreign versions of Card Sharks was the use of married couples instead of individual contestants (except the U.S., Brazilian, Greek, & Portuguese versions, which only use a "individual contestants" format instead). All global versions of Card Sharks (except the U.S., Brazil & Greece) were mostly produced by Reg Grundy.

Country Local Name Host Network Year Aired
 Australia Play Your Cards Right Ugly Dave Gray Seven Network 1984-1985
 Belgium Dutch Hoger, Lager Walter Capiau TV1 1983-1989
 Brazil Corrida de Fórmula B Silvio Santos Tupi 1979-1982
Jogo do Mais ou Menos SBT 1996
 Germany Bube, Dame, Hörig Elmar Hörig Sat.1 1996-1999
 Greece Πάvω ή κάтω
Above or Below
Alki Tallow ANT1 1990
 Hong Kong Dai Pai ATV 1982
 Indonesia Super Rejeki 1 Milyar Dave Hendrik antv 2006-2007
 New Zealand Play Your Cards Right Kenny Cantor TVNZ
 Poland Rekiny Kart Rudi Schubeth Polsat 1998-1999
 Portugal Jogo de Cartas Nicolau Breyner
Serenella Andrade
RTP1 1989-1990
1991
 Sweden Lagt kort ligger Magnus Härenstam SVT 1987-1990
 Turkey Aşaği Yukari Meltem Cumbul aTV 1994-1997
 United Kingdom Play Your Cards Right
Bruce Forsyth's Play Your Cards Right
Bruce Forsyth ITV 1980-1987
1994-1999
2002-2003
 United States Card Sharks Jim Perry NBC 1978-1981
Bob Eubanks CBS 1986-1989
Bill Rafferty Syndication 1986-1987
Pat Bullard 2001

Reruns of the American Perry & Eubanks/Rafferty versions have aired on Game Show Network since its inception, while the Eubanks version also reran on Sky One in the UK during the 1990s. The 1994-1999 & 2002-2003 versions of Bruce Forsyth's Play Your Cards Right have reran on Challenge in the UK.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Y2Play on Game Show Network". Everything2000.com. Retrieved 2014-04-21. 
  2. ^ "PC Games, Computer Games". GameSpot. 2014-04-17. Retrieved 2014-04-21. 
  3. ^ "Ace is High, Deuce is Low, Play the Cards, Win the Dough: Endless Games Adds Card Sharks to Its Line of Retro Games". Endless Games. Retrieved July 31, 2014. 
  4. ^ "New Games, Newest Games". GameSpot. Retrieved 2014-04-21. 
  5. ^ "demo-home". Retrieved 16 October 2014. 
  6. ^ [1][dead link]

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Sanford and Son
10:00 am EST, NBC
4/24/78 – 6/20/80
Succeeded by
The David Letterman Show
Preceded by
Chain Reaction
12:00 pm EST, NBC
6/23/80 – 10/23/81
Succeeded by
Password Plus
Preceded by
Press Your Luck
10:30 am EST, CBS
1/6/86 – 3/31/89
Succeeded by
Now You See It