Cardcaptor Sakura

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Cardcaptors)
Jump to: navigation, search
Cardcaptor Sakura
Cardcaptor Sakura vol1 cover.jpg
The first volume of Cardcaptor Sakura, published in Japan by Kodansha on November 22, 1996
カードキャプターさくら
(Kādokyaputā Sakura)
Genre Magical girl, Romance
Manga
Written by Clamp
Published by Kodansha
English publisher
Tokyopop (former)
Dark Horse Manga (current)
Demographic Shōjo
Magazine Nakayoshi
Original run May 1996June 2000
Volumes 12 (List of volumes)
Anime television series
Directed by Morio Asaka
Written by Clamp
Music by Takayuki Negishi
Studio Madhouse
Licensed by
Nelvana (expired)
Geneon (expired)
NIS America
Network NHK BS2
English network
Original run April 7, 1998March 21, 2000
Episodes 70 (List of episodes)
Films

Cardcaptor Sakura: The Movie
Cardcaptor Sakura Movie 2: The Sealed Card

Portal icon Anime and Manga portal

Cardcaptor Sakura (カードキャプターさくら Kādokyaputā Sakura?), abbreviated as CCS and also known as Cardcaptors, is a Japanese shōjo manga series written and illustrated by the manga group Clamp. The manga was originally serialized in Nakayoshi from May 1996 to June 2000, and published in 12 tankōbon volumes by Kodansha from November 1996 to July 2000. The story focuses on Sakura Kinomoto, an elementary school student who discovers that she possesses magical powers after accidentally freeing a set of magical cards from the book they had been sealed in for years. She is then tasked with retrieving those cards in order to avoid an unknown catastrophe from befalling the world.

The series was adapted into a 70-episode anime TV series by Madhouse that aired on Japan's satellite television channel NHK BS2 from April 1998 to March 2000. Additional media produced include two anime films, as well as video games, art books, picture books, and film comics. Tokyopop initially released the manga in English in North America from March 2000 to August 2003. After Tokyopop's license for Cardcaptor Sakura expired, Dark Horse Manga acquired the license and released the series in omnibus editions from October 2010 to September 2012. Nelvana licensed the TV series and first film for North American broadcast and distribution, renaming it Cardcaptors. All 70 episodes were dubbed; while other English-speaking territories received the full run, the version aired on American television was heavily edited into 39 episodes. Cardcaptors aired on Kids' WB, Cartoon Network, Teletoon and Nickelodeon. The TV series and films were sub-licensed by Geneon, which released them unedited with English subtitles. The TV series was also later released by Madman Entertainment in Australia and New Zealand.

Critics praised the manga for its creativity and described it as a quintessential shōjo manga, as well as a critical work for manga in general. The manga series was awarded the Seiun Award for Best Manga in 2001. The TV anime adaptation was praised for transcending its target audience of young children and being enjoyable to older viewers. The artwork in the anime was also a focus of attention, described as above-average for a late-1990s TV series, and Sakura's magic-casting scenes were complimented for being nearly unique because of the regular costume changes. The TV anime won the Animage Grand Prix award for Best Anime in 1999. The American edit of Cardcaptors, however, was heavily panned by critics for cutting out character backgrounds essential to understanding the plot.

Plot[edit]

Cardcaptor Sakura takes place in the fictional city of Tomoeda. Ten-year-old Sakura Kinomoto accidentally releases a set of magical cards known as Clow Cards from a book created and named after the sorcerer Clow Reed. Each card has its own unique ability and can assume an alternate form when activated. The guardian of the cards, Cerberus, emerges from the book and chooses Sakura to retrieve the missing cards. As she finds each card, she battles its magical personification and defeats it by sealing it away. Cerberus acts as her guide, while her best friend and second cousin, Tomoyo Daidouji films her exploits and provides her with battle costumes. Sakura's older brother Toya Kinomoto watches over her, while pretending that he is unaware of what is going on.

Syaoran Li, a boy Sakura's age and descendant of Clow Reed, arrives from Hong Kong to recapture the cards himself. While initially antagonistic, he comes to respect Sakura and begins aiding her to capture the cards. Once Sakura captures all of the cards, she is tested by Yue, the cards' second guardian, to determine if she is worthy of becoming the cards' true master; Yue is also the true form of Yukito Tsukishiro, Toya's best friend. Aided by her teacher Kaho Mizuki, Sakura passes the test and becomes the new master of the Clow Cards. Eriol Hiiragizawa, a transfer student from England, arrives in Tomoeda and begins causing disturbances with two guardian-like creatures, Spinel Sun and Ruby Moon. Suddenly unable to use the Clow Cards, Sakura transforms her wand and begins the process of transforming the cards into Sakura Cards. Once all the cards have been transformed, Eriol tells Sakura that he aided her in converting the cards so they would not lose their magic powers. Syaoran later confesses his love to Sakura, who comes to realize she also loves him. Cardcaptor Sakura concludes with Syaoran returning to Hong Kong with a promise to return. Two years later, Syaoran moves back to Tomoeda permanently.

The plot of the anime series is extended, featuring 52 Clow Cards from the manga's original 19, and certain scenes are stretched and delayed, such as Cerberus' true form not being revealed until just before Yue's appearance.[1] Sakura creates a 53rd card, Hope, a talent she is not shown to have in the manga. Some of the circumstances around the capturing of the cards is changed, such as Syaoran capturing several cards himself and being tested by Yue in the Final Judgment. Syaoran's cousin and fiancee Meiling Li is introduced in the anime, who positions herself as a romantic rival for Sakura later in the series and also a friend until she returns to Hong Kong. The TV series leaves the relationship between Sakura and Syaoran unresolved, but Sakura confesses her love to Syaoran at the end of the second anime film.

Production[edit]

Cardcaptor Sakura was first conceived shortly before the conclusion of Clamp's Magic Knight Rayearth, which was serialized in Nakayoshi.[2] Clamp's head editor Yamonouchi asked them to do another series in Nakayoshi, and Clamp decided to make a "Nakayoshi-esque" series, as opposed to Rayearth, which Clamp described as unlike anything they had done before. Head Clamp writer Nanase Ohkawa's first impulse was to create a magical girl series, despite not being well-versed in the genre. Ohkawa wanted the heroine Sakura to be in the same age group as the majority of Nakayoshi's readers so that fans could relate to her. Due to it being different from how Clamp normally conceived characters, Ohkawa designed the other characters such as Tomoyo and Cerberus to be more like Clamp's previous creations. Once Ohkawa had enough information on the characters, she had the three artists in Clamp—Mokona, Tsubaki Nekoi and Satsuki Igarashi—design them based on her descriptions. When designing Cerberus, Ohkawa wanted a mascot-type companion for Sakura, but Nekoi tried various forms, including dogs and squirrels, before designing the final version. Syaoran and Toya were conceived to be a common type of character featured in Clamp's works.[2]

Various other titles were suggested for the series such as Cardcaster Sakura and Card Character Sakura before Nekoi suggested Cardcaptor Sakura.[2] While Ohkawa planned out Cardcaptor Sakura from beginning to end, she never consulted the plot with the other members, instead giving them the script one chapter at a time. Mokona initially drew Tomoyo so it would look like she was in love with Toya, which lead to her surprise when she received the script for the chapter which reveals Tomoyo loves Sakura. The story was planned to have the theme of "if you try your best, it'll work out", but Ohkawa did not start out with Sakura's "It'll definitely be okay" mindset. Ohkawa wanted to write a story that "minorities would feel comfortable with," referring to the same-sex and taboo relationships featured in the manga. The series' main theme is expressed through Sakura, a main character designed to be open minded about different family structures and kinds of love. Ohkawa addressed the relationships featured in the series by using Tomoyo and Sakura as an example. She explained that the reason Tomoyo and Sakura did not end up together was not because Tomoyo is a girl, but rather because Sakura did not love Tomoyo in a romantic way.[2]

The central theme of Cardcaptor Sakura is love and human relationships. Throughout the series, many forms of love are showcased, including "sibling love, childhood crushes, unrequited love, [and] true love."[3] At times, Clamp even ignores the Clow Cards for several chapters to focus more on the relationships of Sakura and those around her. Each of these relationships are presented as is, with Clamp carefully avoiding passing judgment on the correctness of the relationships. In particular, the romantic relationship between elementary student Rika Sasaki and her teacher Yoshiyuki Terada is presented in such a way that it can be seen as a sweet and innocent tale of "wish fulfillment", or if examined more seriously, as a mildly disturbing story of pedophilic love.[3]

The artists, especially Mokona, were told by Ohkawa to use thin lines and to try to express things through curved lines as opposed to straight lines.[2] The style of artwork was decided at the beginning to unify the world view of Cardcaptor Sakura. Ohkawa wanted the series to have a "soft, cute-like" feel, so she asked the artists to not use a lot of ink and to make the pages light. For the multitude of flower imagery used in the manga, Nekoi looked through various books to find appropriate flowers, and tried to avoid using the same flower more than once in one chapter. Igarashi remarked that they "never had to draw so many flowers for one series," but they made a point to not use roses.[2] Clamp wanted to incorporate transformation scenes into Cardcaptor Sakura, but because many magical girl manga have the girls wearing the same outfit, Clamp wanted Sakura to wear different costumes. Clamp felt that "it's pretty sad for a girl to wear the same outfit all the time."[4]

Media[edit]

Manga[edit]

Cardcaptor Sakura began as a manga series written and illustrated by the manga artist group Clamp. It was serialized in the monthly shōjo (aimed at young girls) manga magazine Nakayoshi from the May 1996 to June 2000 issue.[1] The individual chapters were collected and published in 12 tankōbon volumes by Kodansha from November 1996 to July 2000.[5][6] Kodansha released the first six volumes in bilingual editions that included both Japanese and English from May 2000 to July 2001.[7][8] The bilingual volumes were part of an experimental line for helping Japanese children learn English. Kodansha stopped releasing the bilingual editions after the series was licensed in English for distribution in North America by Tokyopop.[1][9]

Tokyopop released the volumes of Cardcaptor Sakura from March 2000 to August 2003.[10][11] Tokyopop initially released the first six volumes with the book "flipped" from the original Japanese orientation, in which the book is read from right-to-left, to the Western format with text oriented from left-to-right. These volumes were later re-released with the original orientation in two box sets, each containing three volumes.[12][13] Volumes seven through twelve were released in the original orientation with the subtitle Master of the Clow. Madman Entertainment used Tokyopop's English translation to release the series in Australia and New Zealand.[14] Dark Horse Manga published an English edition of the series in four omnibus volumes containing three of the original volumes each from October 2010 and September 2012.[15][16] The manga series is licensed for additional regional language releases by Pika Édition in France,[17] Star Comics in Italy,[18] Egmont Manga & Anime in Germany,[19] Editora JBC in Brazil,[20] Ever Glory Publishing in Taiwan,[21] Ediciones Glénat in Spain,[22] Editorial Ivrea in Argentina,[23] and Editorial Toukan in Mexico.[24]

TV series[edit]

A 70-episode anime TV series adaptation produced by the animation studio Madhouse aired in Japan on the NHK television network spread over three seasons.[25][26] The first season, consisting of 35 episodes, aired between April 7 and December 29, 1998.[27][28][29] The second season, with 11 episodes, aired between April 6 and June 22, 1999.[29][30] The third season, containing 24 episodes, aired between September 7, 1999 and March 21, 2000.[31][32] Directed by Morio Asaka, Clamp was fully involved in the project, with head writer Nanase Ohkawa writing and composing the screenplay and Mokona overseeing the costumes and card designs.[26] The series was later released by Bandai Visual to 18 VHS, LD and DVD compilation volumes from September 1998 to May 2000.[33][34][35][36]

Nelvana licensed Cardcaptor Sakura in North America, dubbed the series into English with Ocean Studios featuring Carly McKillip as Sakura, and released it under the name Cardcaptors.[37][38] The initial version of the dub covered all 70 episodes and were left mainly intact, although character names were changed, some Japanese text was changed to English, and controversial subjects such as same-sex relationships were edited out. The musical score was completely replaced with new music and some of the sound effects were replaced when they could not be separated into separate tracks, although the original opening and ending themes were dubbed into English. This version aired in Australia on Network Ten and Cartoon Network, in Ireland on RTÉ Network 2, in the UK on CiTV and Nickelodeon, and in Canada on Teletoon (which also aired the episodes with a French dub). An alternative English dub of the series was produced by Omni Productions to air on Animax Asia and it has been shown entirely unedited and uncut making it very faithfully closer to the original Japanese version, which it broadcast on its English-language networks in Southeast Asia and South Asia.

Cardcaptors first aired in the United States on Kids' WB between June 17, 2000 and December 14, 2001.[39][40] The version that aired on Kids WB was an alternate version of the Nelvana dub that was heavily edited even further with episodes re-ordered and some left out completely.[41] The editing to the original Nelvana dub was done to refocus the series to be more action oriented for the appeal of male viewers, as they were seen as the largest audience of animation at the time.[1] The first episode aired in Kids' WB's version was "Sakura's Rival", the eighth episode of the series, having removed episodes focusing on Sakura and to have the show start with Syaoran's arrival.[1][42] The series ran for 39 episodes, changing the original episode order but finishing with the show's actual final episode.

Pioneer Entertainment released the dubbed Cardcaptors episodes to nine VHS and DVD compilation volumes from November 2000 to July 2002.[43][44][45][46] They also released the unedited Cardcaptor Sakura series with the original Japanese audio tracks and English subtitles,[1][41] to 18 DVDs from November 2000 to November 2003;[47][48] the first 11 volumes were also released in VHS.[49][50] The Cardcaptor Sakura TV series DVDs went out-of-print at the end of 2006 when the license expired. NIS America has licensed the Cardcaptor Sakura TV series and re-released the entire series with Japanese and an unedited English audio track on DVD and Blu-ray on August 5, 2014.[51]

Madman Entertainment licensed the original Cardcaptor Sakura episodes in its uncut form with Japanese audio and English subtitles in Australia and New Zealand,[52] and later released the series in two DVD box collections, one consisting of season one and the other consisting of seasons two and three. Each DVD box set contained the textless openings and endings of the series; the second DVD box set also contained an exclusive interview with Sakura Tange, Sakura Kinomoto's Japanese voice actress. The first DVD box collection was released in September 2012,[53] and the second DVD box collection was released in November 2012.[54]

Films[edit]

Madhouse produced two, 82-minute anime films as an extension to the TV anime series. The first, Cardcaptor Sakura: The Movie, was released on August 21, 1999.[55] Set between the first and second seasons of the TV series, the film shows Sakura and her friends going to Hong Kong where they encounter a vengeful spirit who was hurt by Clow Reed in the past. It was released to VHS, LD and DVD in Japan by Bandai Visual in February 2000.[56][57] Nelvana released an English dubbed version of the film, retaining the same name and story changes as its main Cardcaptors dub, although it was dubbed with no visual edits and was released in cut and uncut versions. As with the TV series, Pioneer Entertainment also released the film with the original Japanese audio and English subtitles, and also released a bilingual DVD containing both audio tracks. Both the edited and unedited versions were released on VHS and DVD in March 2002.[58][59] Discotek Media will release the first film on Blu-ray Disc and DVD on September 30, 2014 in North America.[60]

The second film, Cardcaptor Sakura Movie 2: The Sealed Card, was released in Japan on July 15, 2000.[61] It provided a conclusion to the TV series, in which Syaoran returns to Tokyo in hopes of getting Sakura's answer to his love confession, but her own confession is interrupted by the appearance of a 53rd Clow Card. It was released to LD (as a limited edition) and DVD in January 2001, and to VHS in July 2001.[62][63] It was released in North America to DVD by Pioneer in November 2003 and featured an English dub by Bang Zoom! Entertainment instead of Nelvana and Ocean Studios, now with Kari Wahlgren as Sakura, and this time retaining the original character names and the content unedited and uncut.[64][65] The films as released by Pioneer (later renamed Geneon) remained in print in North America until late 2007.[66] A bonus short film titled Leave it to Kero! was played with the theatrical screening of the second film.[67]

Audio CDs[edit]

As a preview to the anime series, Kodansha released a tankōbon-sized CD volume titled CD Comic Cardcaptor Sakura in August 1997 containing two character songs sung by the voice actors of Sakura and Tomoyo and drama tracks.[68] Two drama CDs were released for the series. The first, Sakura to Okaa-san no Organ, was released in July 1998 featuring a script written by Clamp author Nanase Ohkawa.[69] It depicts Sakura having a dream about her mother playing an organ and choosing to write about her the following day for a school project. The second CD, Sweet Valentine Stories, was released in February 1999 and depicts a single day in the life of the girls in Sakura's class, including Sakura herself.[70] Four original soundtrack CD albums were released for the anime TV series from July 1998 to March 2000.[71][72] The soundtracks included instrumental background music and the vocal theme songs. Two soundtracks were produced for the films: the first film's soundtrack was released in August 1999, followed by the second film's soundtrack in August 2000.[73][74]

Nine theme song singles were released: six for the TV series and three for the films. The three opening theme song singles for the TV series are: "Catch You Catch Me" by Gumi released in April 1998, "Tobira o Akete" by Anza released in April 1999, and "Platinum" by Maaya Sakamoto released in October 1999.[75][76][77] The three ending theme song singles for the TV series are: "Groovy!" by Kohmi Hirose released in September 1998, "Honey" by Chihiro released in May 1999, and "Fruits Candy" by Megumi Kojima released in November 1999.[78][79][80] The two ending theme song singles for the films are: "Tōi Kono Machi de" by Naomi Kaitani released in August 1999 for the first film, and "Ashita e no Melody" by Chaka released in July 2000 for the second film.[81][82] The theme song single for the anime short Leave It To Kero! shown with the second film, "Okashi no Uta", was released in July 2000.[83]

Six character song singles sung by the voice actors of Sakura, Toya, Cerberus, Tomoyo, Yukito and Syaoran released in June 1998; each single also contained a short drama track.[84][85][86][87][88][89] A character song album titled Cardcaptor Sakura Character Songbook was released in January 1999 containing tracks from the previously released character song singles as well as new tracks sung by the various voice actors.[90] An album titled Tomoeda Elementary Choir Club Christmas Concert, released in December 1999, contains seven tracks by a children's choir, including five where they are joined by Junko Iwao, the voice actress for Tomoyo.[91] A four-CD compilation set, Complete Vocal Collection, was released in February 2001 compiling the series' theme songs, tracks from the character song singles, remixes of previously released songs, and new music.[92] An album containing the theme songs from the TV series and films titled Cardcaptor Sakura Theme Song Collection was released in December 2001.[93] Victor Entertainment released the albums and singles for Cardcaptor Sakura. An original soundtrack for Cardcaptors titled Cardcaptors: Songs from the Hit TV Series was released in September 2001 by Rhino Entertainment.[94]

Video games[edit]

Ten video games have been produced based on the series and released on a variety of video game and handheld consoles. They feature various genres, such as adventure and role-playing video games.

Title Release date Producer(s) Platform
Cardcaptor Sakura: Itsumo Sakura-chan to Issho! (カードキャプターさくら ~いつもさくらちゃんといっしょ~ Cardcaptor Sakura: Forever with Sakura-chan) Published by MTO Game Boy Color
Animetic Story Game 1: Cardcaptor Sakura (アニメチックストーリーゲーム (1) カードキャプターさくら) Published and developed by Arika PlayStation
Cardcaptor Sakura: Sakura to Fushigi na Clow Cards (カードキャプターさくら ~さくらとふしぎなクロウカード~ Cardcaptor Sakura: Sakura and the Mysterious Clow Card) Published by Bandai and developed by Sims WonderSwan
Cardcaptor Sakura: Tomoyo no Video Daisakusen (カードキャプターさくら 知世のビデオ大作戦 Cardcaptor Sakura: Tomoyo's Video Battle) Published by Sega and developed by Sega Rosso Dreamcast
Cardcaptor Sakura: Clow Card Magic (カードキャプターさくら クロウカードマジック) Published and developed by Arika PlayStation
Tetris with Cardcaptor Sakura: Eternal Heart (TETRiS with カードキャプターさくら エターナルハート) Published and developed by Arika PlayStation
Cardcaptor Sakura: Tomoe Shōgakkō Daiundōkai (カードキャプターさくら ~友枝小学校大運動会~ Cardcaptor Sakura: Tomoe Elementary School Battle Athletes) Published by MTO Game Boy Color
Cardcaptor Sakura: Sakura Card de Mini-Game (カードキャプターさくら ~さくらカードdeミニゲーム~) Published and developed by TDK Core Game Boy Advance
Cardcaptor Sakura: Sakura Card-hen Sakura Card to Tomodachi (カードキャプターさくら <さくらカード編> ~さくらとカードとおともだち~ Cardcaptor Sakura: Sakura Card Edition: Sakura Card and Friend) Published by MTO Game Boy Advance
Cardcaptor Sakura: Sakura-chan to Asobo! (カードキャプターさくら 「さくらちゃんとあそぼ!」 Cardcaptor Sakura: Play with Sakura-chan) Published by NHK Software PlayStation 2

Other media[edit]

Kodansha published three art books for the manga series and three art books from for the anime TV series featuring art by character designer Kumiko Takahashi.[1] The three books for the manga titled Cardcaptor Sakura Illustration Collection were released from August 1998 to December 2000.[104][105] The three for the TV series titled Cheerio! were released from April 1999 to September 2000.[106][107] A set of the 52 Clow Cards featured in the TV series was released in August 1999 and a Clow Card Fortune Book, which contains information on how to use the Clow Card replica set as tarot cards, was released in March 2000.[108][109]

A fan book for the manga titled Cardcaptor Sakura Memorial Book was published on February 27, 2001 containing various illustrations from the series, as well as information on branded merchandise based on the series and interviews.[110] Four fan books under the title Complete Book, were released for the TV series and Films. For the TV series, two fan books labeled Clow Card-hen (クロウカード編 Clow Card Arc?) and Sakura Card-hen (さくらカード編 Sakura Card Arc?) were released on July 30, 1999 and June 29, 2000 respectively[111][112] For the two Film had received a fan book each and were released on October 29, 1999 to October 27, 2000 respectively.[113][114] A poster box containing several posters and a T-shirt was released on August 17, 2001.[115]

Ten volumes of a film comic sharing the same name as the manga and anime series were published from August 1998 to November 2000 covering the first two anime seasons, though some episodes were skipped.[116][117] Three more were published under the subtitle, Sakura Card-hen from March 2001 to February 2002 covering up to episode 59, though again some episodes were skipped.[118][119] Four picture books were released for the TV series from September 1998 to November 2000.[120][121] Four sticker books were released for the TV series from August 1999 to March 2004.[122][123]

Reception[edit]

The Cardcaptor Sakura manga series was popular with Japanese readers, ranking among the top five sellers during its release.[124] The manga series was awarded the Seiun Award for Best Manga in 2001.[125] Shaenon Garrity of The Comics Journal described the series as a quintessential shōjo manga, which is praised for its mature direction in the second half.[126] Cardcaptor Sakura has been described as a "critical work" of manga by Christopher Butcher of Comics212.[126] In a review by Lisa Anderson of Manga Life, the subplots in the series related to the interactions between characters were noted to be of special interest. Anderson praised how the manga, while at the onset begins with a costumed Sakura chasing after a Clow Card, takes a "rather big leap in another direction" when focusing on the characters. The manga is further lauded for its depth.[127] Anime News Network (ANN) reviewer Robert Nguyen felt Cardcaptor Sakura is an "atypical shōjo" manga, which puts an "emphasis on the emotions of the character."[128]

In Manga: The Complete Guide, Mason Templar states that the series is not "just one of the best kids' manga in translation, it's one of the very best manga available in English, period." He praises Clamp for their creativity and shrewd business sense, in being able to create a series that "clearly has merchandising in line" and an "utterly forgettable premise" into a story that is "brimming with warmth and joy and wonder" and is "much more than the sum of its parts."[3] The manga is cited as being cute by critics, and in some cases too cute;[128] however, Anderson stated that "much like Magic Knight Rayearth, even a cute story will have its depth and drama."[127] The artwork of the manga is praised for being detailed and having "beautifully drawn pictures of the Clow Cards themselves." The cards are described as having "an artful blend of magical fantasy and reality."[128]

The anime adaptation was popular with viewers in Japan, despite having a timeslot that normally has low viewership.[1] The Cardcaptor Sakura anime adaptation won the Animage Grand Prix award for best anime in 1999.[129] In May 2000, volumes 8 and 17 of the anime LD release were among the top selling titles, with volume 17 being in first place.[130] The 18th DVD volume was the eighth best selling anime DVD in Japan in June 2000.[131] Animerica contributor Kevin Lew felt the series had a "sophisticated design sense" that allowed the series to transcend its target audience of young children and be enjoyable to older viewers as well.[1] Fellow contributor Takashi Oshiguichi found the character Sakura to be appealing and praised the series art work. He felt that while it was "very calculated" to attract male readers, the series was attractive to fans due to Clamp's "unique entertainment style" that incorporates "perfectly time[d] appearances of "fascinating villains" and the unusual element of having the main character change costume for every capture.[124] The magazine's Winnie Chow felt the series' animation was "far above average for a TV series", and compliments Sakura's magic-casting scenes for being nearly unique due to the regular costume changes.[132]

Zac Bertschy of ANN praised Cardcaptor Sakura for taking an "incredibly stale and repetitive" magical girl genre and "providing something fun, clever, beautifully animated, touching and exciting all at once;" Bertschy goes on to call the series "the best magical girl show ever produced."[133] The animation was described as being "incredibly fluid" with the character designs "maintain[ing] a consistent and impressive level of detail, even during action scenes."[133] The series has been described as formulaic, but this is not said to detract from the show's enjoyment.[134][135][136] While Cardcaptor Sakura is normally intended for an audience of young girls, the anime is lauded for containing "elements that can be enjoyed by anyone, regardless of age or gender, providing they are open-minded enough."[134] In 2001, the anime ranked 46th on Wizard's Anime Magazine's "Top 50 Anime released in North America" ranking.[137]

The Kids' WB version of the Cardcaptors dub was panned by critics. Jake Godek of THEM Anime called it "the worst thing that has ever happened to anime that had a good Japanese name," with the dubbing being "one of the worst if not the worst dubbing done for a program." He also criticized the editing, saying that it had "demolished the plot" and noting that it cut out vital character backgrounds needed in order to understand the show.[138] Adam Arnold of Animefringe, reviewing the first Cardcaptors DVD, said it was "nothing more than an attempt to dilute a fan favorite anime," with the dubbed voices described as "not up-to-par with the originals." The ordering of the episodes on the DVD was also criticized, noting that starting with episode eight meant that the cast are "left without their backgrounds fleshed out." However, he also approved of the episode stories being left intact, and praised the voices of Carly McKillip as Sakura Avalon and Rhys Huber as Syaoran Li, stating that they were "only voices that really shine above the rest."[42]

In January 2002, the restaurant chain Taco Bell began a month long promotion in which four Cardcaptors toys were available in their kids' meals and the company expected to distribute up to 7 million of the toys during the month.[139] The "conservative Christian political orientation" American Family Association complained about the promotion as the organization felt the Clow Cards in the series were too similar to tarot cards and Eastern mythology. However, the organization's complaints did not begin until the promotion was already scheduled to end, so it is unsure whether the complaints had any actual effect.[140]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i Lew, Kevin; Carlos Ovalle; Winnie Chow (December 2000). "Animerica Spotlight: Cardcaptor Sakura". Animerica (San Francisco, California: Viz Media) 8 (11): 15. ISSN 1067-0831. OCLC 27130932. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f Cardcaptor Sakura Memorial Book (in Japanese). Kodansha. February 2001. ISBN 978-4-06-324535-6. 
  3. ^ a b c Thompson, Jason (October 9, 2007). Manga: The Complete Guide. New York, New York: Del Rey Books. pp. 43–44. ISBN 978-0-345-48590-8. OCLC 85833345. 
  4. ^ Solomon, Charles (November 28, 2006). "Four Mothers of Manga Gain American Fans With Expertise in a Variety of Visual Styles". The New York Times. Retrieved September 26, 2010. 
  5. ^ "カードキャプターさくら(1)" [Cardcaptor Sakura (1)] (in Japanese). Kodansha. Retrieved September 13, 2010. 
  6. ^ "カードキャプターさくら(12)" [Cardcaptor Sakura (12)] (in Japanese). Kodansha. Retrieved September 13, 2010. 
  7. ^ "カードキャプターさくら―バイリンガル版 (1)" [Cardcaptor Sakura Bilingual Edition (1)] (in Japanese). Amazon.co.jp. Retrieved September 13, 2010. 
  8. ^ "カードキャプターさくら―バイリンガル版 (6)" [Cardcaptor Sakura Bilingual Edition (6)] (in Japanese). Amazon.co.jp. Retrieved April 12, 2013. 
  9. ^ "Kodansha to Publish, Sell Manga in U.S. in September". Anime News Network. July 1, 2008. Retrieved May 24, 2009. 
  10. ^ "Cardcaptor Sakura 1". Amazon.com. Retrieved September 13, 2010. 
  11. ^ "Cardcaptor Sakura: Master of the Clow, Book 6". Amazon.com. Retrieved September 13, 2010. 
  12. ^ "Cardcaptor Sakura (Boxed Set, Collection 1)". Amazon.com. Retrieved September 13, 2010. 
  13. ^ "Cardcaptor Sakura: Boxed Set Volumes 4-6: Special Collector's Edition". Amazon.com. Retrieved September 13, 2010. 
  14. ^ "Cardcaptor Sakura: Master of the Clow (Manga)". Madman Entertainment. Retrieved September 13, 2010. 
  15. ^ "Cardcaptor Sakura Omnibus Vol. 1 TPB". Dark Horse Comics. Retrieved November 5, 2010. 
  16. ^ "Cardcaptor Sakura Book 4 TPB". Dark Horse Comics. Retrieved May 8, 2012. 
  17. ^ "Card Captor Sakura" (in French). Pika Édition. Retrieved September 13, 2010. 
  18. ^ "Card Captor Sakura - 1" (in Italian). Star Comics. Archived from the original on July 16, 2011. Retrieved September 13, 2010. 
  19. ^ "Card Captor Sakura" (in German). Egmont Manga & Anime. Archived from the original on May 26, 2013. Retrieved September 13, 2010. 
  20. ^ "Sakura Card Captors" (in Portuguese). Editora JBC. Retrieved September 13, 2010. 
  21. ^ "01 Clamp" (in Chinese). Ever Glory Publishing. Archived from the original on June 29, 2011. Retrieved September 13, 2010. 
  22. ^ "Cardcaptor Sakura" (in Spanish). Glènat España. Retrieved September 13, 2010. 
  23. ^ "Sakura card captor" (in Spanish). Librosar. Archived from the original on July 6, 2011. Retrieved September 13, 2010. 
  24. ^ "Sakura Card Captors" (in Spanish). Animexis. Archived from the original on July 7, 2011. Retrieved September 13, 2010. 
  25. ^ "これまでのストーリー" [The Story So Far] (in Japanese). Madhouse. Retrieved October 2, 2010. 
  26. ^ a b "スタッフ&キャスト" [Staff & Cast] (in Japanese). NHK. Retrieved September 23, 2010. 
  27. ^ "カードキャプターさくら <新>「さくらと不思議な魔法の本」" [Cardcaptor Sakura (New) "Sakura and the Mysterious Magic Book"] (in Japanese). NHK. Retrieved December 10, 2010. 
  28. ^ "カードキャプターさくら <終>「さくらのすてきなクリスマス」" [Cardcaptor Sakura (End) "Sakura's Wonderful Christmas"] (in Japanese). NHK. Retrieved December 10, 2010. 
  29. ^ a b "第2回 「最長のTVシリーズ作品は?」" [Round 2: What Are Your Longest TV Series?] (in Japanese). Madhouse. Archived from the original on March 14, 2012. Retrieved December 10, 2010. 
  30. ^ "カードキャプターさくら 「さくらと最後の審判」" [Cardcaptor Sakura "Sakura and the Final Judgment"] (in Japanese). NHK. Retrieved December 10, 2010. 
  31. ^ "カードキャプターさくら 「さくらと不思議な転校生」" [Cardcaptor Sakura "Sakura and the Mysterious Transfer Student"] (in Japanese). NHK. Retrieved December 10, 2010. 
  32. ^ "カードキャプターさくら <終> 「さくらと本当の想い」" [Cardcaptor Sakura (End) "Sakura and Her True Feelings"] (in Japanese). NHK. Retrieved December 10, 2010. 
  33. ^ "カードキャプターさくら Vol.1 (VHS)" [Cardcaptor Sakura Vol. 1 (VHS)] (in Japanese). Amazon.co.jp. Retrieved September 23, 2010. 
  34. ^ "カードキャプターさくら18" [Cardcaptor Sakura 18] (in Japanese). Tsutaya. Retrieved September 23, 2010. 
  35. ^ "カードキャプターさくら Vol.1 (DVD)" [Cardcaptor Sakura Vol. 1 (DVD)] (in Japanese). Amazon.co.jp. Retrieved September 23, 2010. 
  36. ^ "カードキャプターさくら Vol.18 (DVD)" [Cardcaptor Sakura Vol. 18 (DVD)] (in Japanese). Amazon.co.jp. Retrieved September 23, 2010. 
  37. ^ Considine, J. D. (January 20, 2002). "Television/Radio; Making Anime A Little Safer For Americans". The New York Times. Retrieved September 23, 2010. 
  38. ^ Poitras, Gilles (2001). Anime Essentials: Every Thing a Fan Needs to Know. Stone Bridge Press. p. 27. ISBN 978-1-880656-53-2. 
  39. ^ "Cardcaptors". MSN TV. Retrieved October 2, 2010. 
  40. ^ "Cardcaptors - 'Revelations' Episode Info". MSN TV. Retrieved October 2, 2010. 
  41. ^ a b "Sailor Moon Explained, Plus Fushigi Yugi, Cardcaptors, More Pioneer Has Loads of Shojo". ICv2. August 12, 2001. Retrieved May 24, 2009. 
  42. ^ a b Arnold, Adam. "Cardcaptors Vol.1: Tests of Courage". Animefringe. Retrieved September 26, 2010. 
  43. ^ "Cardcaptors — Tests of Courage (Vol. 1) (VHS)". Amazon.com. Retrieved September 24, 2010. 
  44. ^ "Cardcaptors — Tests of Courage (Vol. 1) (2000)". Amazon.com. Retrieved September 24, 2010. 
  45. ^ "Cardcaptors — Star Power (Vol. 9) (VHS)". Amazon.com. Retrieved September 24, 2010. 
  46. ^ "Cardcaptors: V.9 Star Power (ep.25-27)". Amazon.com. Retrieved September 24, 2010. 
  47. ^ "Cardcaptor Sakura — The Clow (Vol. 1)". Amazon.com. Retrieved September 24, 2010. 
  48. ^ "Cardcaptor Sakura — Revelations (Vol. 18)". Amazon.com. Retrieved September 24, 2010. 
  49. ^ "Cardcaptor Sakura — The Clow Volume 1 (VHS)". Amazon.com. Retrieved September 24, 2010. 
  50. ^ "Cardcaptor Sakura — Trust (Vol. 11) (VHS)". Amazon.com. Retrieved September 24, 2010. 
  51. ^ "NIS America Licenses Cardcaptor Sakura TV Anime". Anime News Network. April 30, 2014. Retrieved April 30, 2014. 
  52. ^ "Madman to Release Cardcaptor Sakura and Rozen Maiden Overture". Anime News Network. Retrieved June 9, 2013. 
  53. ^ "Cardcaptor Sakura Collection 1 Moved to September". Madman Entertainment. Retrieved June 19, 2013. 
  54. ^ "Cardcaptor Sakura (Uncut) Collection 2 (eps 36-70)". Madman Entertainment. Retrieved June 19, 2013. 
  55. ^ "劇場版カードキャプターさくら" [Cardcaptor Sakura: The Movie] (in Japanese). Madhouse. Retrieved October 2, 2010. 
  56. ^ "カードキャプターさくら【劇場版】 (VHS)" [Cardcaptor Sakura: The Movie (VHS)] (in Japanese). Amazon.co.jp. Retrieved September 27, 2010. 
  57. ^ "カードキャプターさくら【劇場版】 (DVD)" [Cardcaptor Sakura: The Movie (DVD)] (in Japanese). Amazon.co.jp. Retrieved September 27, 2010. 
  58. ^ "Cardcaptors — The Movie [VHS] (2000)". Amazon.com. Retrieved September 23, 2010. 
  59. ^ "Cardcaptor Sakura — The Movie (1999)". Amazon.com. Retrieved September 23, 2010. 
  60. ^ "Discotek Adds Devilman TV, Cardcaptor Sakura Film, Jin-Roh, Dallos". Anime News Network. July 16, 2013. Retrieved July 17, 2013. 
  61. ^ "劇場版カードキャプターさくら 封印されたカード" [Cardcaptor Sakura Movie 2: The Sealed Card] (in Japanese). Madhouse. Retrieved October 2, 2010. 
  62. ^ "劇場版 カードキャプターさくら 封印されたカード (DVD)" [Cardcaptor Sakura Move 2: The Sealed Card (DVD)] (in Japanese). Amazon.co.jp. Retrieved September 27, 2010. 
  63. ^ "劇場版カードキャプターさくら 封印されたカード~ばっちしV (VHS)" [Cardcaptor Sakura Movie 2: The Sealed Card Batchishi V (VHS)] (in Japanese). Amazon.co.jp. Retrieved September 27, 2010. 
  64. ^ "Cardcaptor Sakura — The Movie 2 - The Sealed Card (Special Edition)". Amazon.com. Retrieved September 27, 2010. 
  65. ^ "Cardcaptor Sakura Movie 2 Licensed, New Dub Cast". Anime News Network. June 18, 2003. Retrieved May 24, 2009. 
  66. ^ "Geneon USA to Cancel DVD Sales, Distribution by Friday". Anime News Network. September 26, 2007. Retrieved September 27, 2010. 
  67. ^ "Card Capture Sakura News". Anime News Network. April 17, 2000. Retrieved February 5, 2011. 
  68. ^ "CDコミックカードキャプターさくら" [CD Comic Cardcaptor Sakura] (in Japanese). Amazon.co.jp. Retrieved September 26, 2010. 
  69. ^ "さくらとお母さんのオルガン" [Sakura to Okaa-san no Orgen] (in Japanese). Victor Entertainment. Retrieved September 27, 2010. 
  70. ^ "Sweet Valentine Stories" (in Japanese). Victor Entertainment. Retrieved September 27, 2010. 
  71. ^ "オリジナルサウンドトラック" [Original Soundtrack] (in Japanese). Victor Entertainment. Retrieved September 27, 2010. 
  72. ^ "オリジナル・サウンドトラック4" [Original Soundtrack 4] (in Japanese). Victor Entertainment. Retrieved September 27, 2010. 
  73. ^ "オリジナル・サウンドトラック" [Original Soundtrack] (in Japanese). Victor Entertainment. Retrieved September 27, 2010. 
  74. ^ "オリジナル・サウンドトラック" [Original Soundtrack] (in Japanese). Victor Entertainment. Retrieved September 27, 2010. 
  75. ^ "Catch You Catch Me" (in Japanese). Victor Entertainment. Retrieved September 27, 2010. 
  76. ^ "扉をあけて" [Tobira o Akete] (in Japanese). Victor Entertainment. Retrieved September 27, 2010. 
  77. ^ "プラチナ" [Platinum] (in Japanese). Victor Entertainment. Retrieved September 27, 2010. 
  78. ^ "Groovy!" (in Japanese). Victor Entertainment. Retrieved September 27, 2010. 
  79. ^ "Honey" (in Japanese). Victor Entertainment. Retrieved September 27, 2010. 
  80. ^ "Fruits Candy" (in Japanese). Victor Entertainment. Retrieved September 27, 2010. 
  81. ^ "遠いこの街で" [Tōi Kono Machi de] (in Japanese). Victor Entertainment. Retrieved September 27, 2010. 
  82. ^ "明日へのメロディー" [Ashita e no Melody] (in Japanese). Victor Entertainment. Retrieved September 27, 2010. 
  83. ^ "おかしのうた" [Okashi no Uta] (in Japanese). Victor Entertainment. Retrieved September 27, 2010. 
  84. ^ "Character Single Sakura" (in Japanese). Victor Entertainment. Retrieved September 27, 2010. 
  85. ^ "Character Single Touya" (in Japanese). Victor Entertainment. Retrieved September 27, 2010. 
  86. ^ "Character Single Kero" (in Japanese). Victor Entertainment. Retrieved September 27, 2010. 
  87. ^ "Character Single Tomoyo" (in Japanese). Victor Entertainment. Retrieved September 27, 2010. 
  88. ^ "Character Single Yukito" (in Japanese). Victor Entertainment. Retrieved September 27, 2010. 
  89. ^ "Character Single Syaoran" (in Japanese). Victor Entertainment. Retrieved September 27, 2010. 
  90. ^ "Character Songbook" (in Japanese). Victor Entertainment. Retrieved September 27, 2010. 
  91. ^ "カードキャプターさくら「友枝小学校コーラス部クリスマスコンサート」" [Cardcaptor Sakura Tomoeda Elementary Choir Club Christmas Concert] (in Japanese). Amazon.co.jp. Retrieved September 26, 2010. 
  92. ^ "カードキャプターさくら 「コンプリート・ボーカル・コレクション」" [Cardcaptor Sakura Complete Vocal Collection] (in Japanese). Amazon.co.jp. Retrieved September 26, 2010. 
  93. ^ "主題歌コレクション" [Theme Song Collection] (in Japanese). Victor Entertainment. Retrieved September 27, 2010. 
  94. ^ "Cardcaptors: Songs from the Hit TV Series". Amazon.com. Retrieved September 26, 2010. 
  95. ^ a b "ゲームカタログ:エム・ティー・オー株式会社" [Game Catalog: MTO.Co.,Ltd.] (in Japanese). MTO. Retrieved September 24, 2010. 
  96. ^ "アニメチックストーリーゲーム (1) カードキャプターさくら" [Animetic Story Game (1) Cardcaptor Sakura] (in Japanese). Arika. Retrieved September 24, 2010. 
  97. ^ "カードキャプターさくら WS" [Cardcaptor Sakura WS] (in Japanese). Amazon.co.jp. Retrieved March 9, 2014. 
  98. ^ "Card Captor Sakura: Tomoyo no Video Daisakusen for Dreamcast". GameSpot. Archived from the original on November 8, 2012. Retrieved September 24, 2010. 
  99. ^ "カードキャプターさくら クロウカードマジック" [Cardcaptor Sakura: Clow Card Magic] (in Japanese). Arika. Retrieved September 24, 2010. 
  100. ^ "TETRiS with カードキャプターさくら エターナルハート" [Tetris with Cardcaptor Sakura: Eternal Heart] (in Japanese). Arika. Retrieved September 24, 2010. 
  101. ^ "Cardcaptor Sakura: Sakura Card de Mini Game". IGN. Retrieved September 24, 2010. 
  102. ^ "どんなゲーム?-カードキャプターさくら" [What Kind of Game?–Cardcaptor Sakura] (in Japanese). MTO. Retrieved September 24, 2010. 
  103. ^ "カードキャプターさくら さくらちゃんとあそぼ!" [Cardcaptor Sakura: Sakura-chan to Asobo!] (in Japanese). Amazon.co.jp. Retrieved December 10, 2010. 
  104. ^ "カードキャプターさくらイラスト集" [Cardcaptor Sakura Illustration Collection] (in Japanese). Kodansha. Retrieved February 27, 2014. 
  105. ^ "カードキャプターさくらイラスト集 (3)" [Cardcaptor Sakura Illustration Collection (3)] (in Japanese). Kodansha. Retrieved February 27, 2014. 
  106. ^ "テレビアニメーション カードキャプターさくら イラストコレクション チェリオ!" [TV Animation Cardcaptor Sakura Illustration Collection Cheerio!] (in Japanese). Kodansha. Retrieved February 27, 2014. 
  107. ^ "アニメーション カードキャプターさくら イラストコレクション チェリオ!(3)" [Animation Cardcaptor Sakura Illustration Collection Cheerio! (3)] (in Japanese). Kodansha. Retrieved February 27, 2014. 
  108. ^ "カードキャプターさくらクロウカードセット" [Cardcaptor Sakura Clow Card Set] (in Japanese). Amazon.co.jp. Retrieved September 26, 2010. 
  109. ^ "クロウカードフォーチュンブック―カードキャプターさくら" [Clow Card Fortune Book – Cardcaptor Sakura] (in Japanese). Amazon.co.jp. Retrieved September 26, 2010. 
  110. ^ "カードキャプターさくら メモリアルブック" [Cardcaptor Sakura Memorial Book] (in Japanese). Kodansha. Retrieved February 27, 2014. 
  111. ^ "テレビアニメーションカードキャプターさくら コンプリートブック クロウカード編" [TV Animation Cardcaptor Sakura Complete Book: Clow Card Arc] (in Japanese). Kodansha. Retrieved February 27, 2014. 
  112. ^ "テレビアニメーションカードキャプターさくら コンプリートブック (2) さくらカード編" [TV Animation Cardcaptor Sakura Complete Book (2) Sakura Card Arc] (in Japanese). Kodansha. Retrieved February 27, 2014. 
  113. ^ "劇場版カードキャプターさくら コンプリートブック" [Cardcaptor Sakura: The Movie Complete Book] (in Japanese). Kodansha. Retrieved February 27, 2014. 
  114. ^ "劇場版カードキャプターさくら封印されたカード コンプリートブック" [Cardcaptor Sakura Movie 2: The Sealed Card Complete Book] (in Japanese). Kodansha. Retrieved February 27, 2014. 
  115. ^ "カードキャプターさくらポスターBOX" [Cardcaptor Sakura Poster Box] (in Japanese). Kodansha. Retrieved February 28, 2014. 
  116. ^ "アニメブックス カードキャプターさくら(1)" [Anime Books Cardcaptor Sakura (1)] (in Japanese). Kodansha. Retrieved February 27, 2014. 
  117. ^ "アニメブックス カードキャプターさくら (10)" [Anime Books Cardcaptor Sakura (10)] (in Japanese). Kodansha. Retrieved February 27, 2014. 
  118. ^ "アニメブックス カードキャプターさくら さくらカード編 (1)" [Cardcaptor Sakura Sakura Card Arc 1] (in Japanese). Kodansha. Retrieved February 27, 2014. 
  119. ^ "カードキャプターさくら さくらカード編 (3)" [Cardcaptor Sakura Sakura Card Arc (3)] (in Japanese). Kodansha. Retrieved February 27, 2014. 
  120. ^ "カードキャプターさくら (1) わたしのひみつをおしえてあげるね!" [Cardcaptor Sakura (1) I'll Tell You My Secret!] (in Japanese). Kodansha. Retrieved February 27, 2014. 
  121. ^ "カードキャプターさくら (4) さくらカードたんじょう!" [Cardcaptor Sakura (4) Sakura Birthday Card!] (in Japanese). Kodansha. Retrieved February 27, 2014. 
  122. ^ "カードキャプターさくらシールあそびえほん" [Cardcaptor Sakura Seal Asobi Ehon] (in Japanese). Amazon.co.jp. Retrieved September 26, 2010. 
  123. ^ "カードキャプターさくらシールあそびえほん 2004―さくらカードがいっぱい!" [Cardcaptor Sakura Seal Asobi Ehon 2004 – Sakura Card ga Ippai!] (in Japanese). Amazon.co.jp. Retrieved September 26, 2010. 
  124. ^ a b Oshiguichi, Takashi (December 2008). "Anime Focus: On Cardcaptor Sakura". Animerica (San Francisco, California: Viz Media) 8 (11): 70. ISSN 1067-0831. OCLC 27130932. 
  125. ^ "星雲賞リスト" [Seiun Award List] (in Japanese). Federation of the Science Fiction Fan Groups of Japan. Archived from the original on October 13, 2010. Retrieved September 26, 2010. 
  126. ^ a b Aoki, Deb. "2010 Comic-Con Best and Worst Manga Panel". About.com. Retrieved September 26, 2010. 
  127. ^ a b Anderson, Lisa. "Cardcaptor Sakura v1". Manga Life. Silver Bullet Comics. Archived from the original on February 19, 2006. Retrieved September 26, 2010. 
  128. ^ a b c Nguyen, Robert. "Cardcaptor Sakura Manga Vol. 1". Anime News Network. Retrieved September 26, 2010. 
  129. ^ "第22回アニメグランプリ (2000年6月号)" [22nd Animage Grand Prix (June 2000 issue)] (in Japanese). Animage. Retrieved May 24, 2009. 
  130. ^ "Japan's Top 10 Bestselling Anime". Viz Media. Archived from the original on July 6, 2001. 
  131. ^ "Anime Radar: News". Animerica (San Francisco, California: Viz Media) 8 (10): 32. November 2000. ISSN 1067-0831. OCLC 27130932. 
  132. ^ Chow, Winnie (March 2001). "Anime Radar: News". Animerica (San Francisco, California: Viz Media) 9 (2): 75. ISSN 1067-0831. OCLC 27130932. 
  133. ^ a b "Cardcaptor Sakura DVD 18: Revelations". Anime News Network. January 21, 2004. Retrieved September 27, 2010. 
  134. ^ a b Shepard, Chris. "Cardcaptor Sakura DVD 1 - The Clow". Anime News Network. Retrieved September 27, 2010. 
  135. ^ Dong, Bamboo (January 1, 2003). "Cardcaptor Sakura DVD 11: Trust". Anime News Network. Retrieved September 27, 2010. 
  136. ^ Beveridge, Chris (February 9, 2002). "Cardcaptor Sakura Vol. #01". Mania. Retrieved September 27, 2010. 
  137. ^ "Wizard lists Top 50 Anime". Anime News Network. July 6, 2001. Retrieved February 2, 2014. 
  138. ^ Godek, Jake L. "CardCaptors". THEM Anime. Retrieved September 26, 2010. 
  139. ^ "Taco Bell's Cardcaptor Promotion Runs through January 30". ICv2. January 8, 2002. Retrieved May 25, 2009. 
  140. ^ "Was Cardcaptors Promo Pulled Due to 'Occult' Complaints? Or Did It End on Schedule". ICv2. February 5, 2002. Retrieved May 25, 2009. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]