Cardiac reserve

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Cardiac reserve refers to the difference between the rate at which the heart pumps blood and its maximum capacity for pumping blood at any given time. A measurement of the cardiac reserve may be a health indicator for some medical condition.


Cardiac reserve has been measured in different ways over the history of the test.[1]

It is possible to make a non-invasive measurement of cardiac reserve.[2]


A measure of cardiac reserve can help predict the likelihood of heart failure when indicated.[3]


  1. ^ Sniecinski, R. M.; Skubas, N. J.; London, M. J. (2012). "Testing Cardiac Reserve". Anesthesia & Analgesia 115 (5): 991–992. doi:10.1213/ANE.0b013e31825d2c09. PMID 23093580.  edit
  2. ^ Cooke, G. A.; Marshall, P.; Al-Timman, J. K.; Wright, D. J.; Riley, R.; Hainsworth, R.; Tan, L. B. (1998). "Physiological cardiac reserve: Development of a non-invasive method and first estimates in man". Heart (British Cardiac Society) 79 (3): 289–294. PMC 1728626. PMID 9602665.  edit
  3. ^ Tan, L. B. (1991). "Evaluation of cardiac dysfunction, cardiac reserve and inotropic response". Postgraduate medical journal. 67 Suppl 1: S10–S20. PMID 1924075.  edit