Cardiff Central railway station

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Cardiff Central National Rail
Welsh: Caerdydd Canolog
Cardiff Central
Frontage of Cardiff Central station
Location
Place Cardiff
Local authority City and County of Cardiff
Coordinates 51°28′32″N 3°10′41″W / 51.4755°N 3.1780°W / 51.4755; -3.1780Coordinates: 51°28′32″N 3°10′41″W / 51.4755°N 3.1780°W / 51.4755; -3.1780
Grid reference ST181758
Operations
Station code CDF
Managed by Arriva Trains Wales
Owned by Network Rail
Number of platforms 7
DfT category A
Live arrivals/departures and station information
from National Rail Enquiries
Annual rail passenger usage*
2004/05  7.743 million
2005/06 Increase 8.358 million
2006/07 Increase 9.127 million
2007/08 Increase 9.875 million
2008/09 Increase 10.485 million
2009/10 Increase 10.743 million
2010/11 Increase 11.260 million
2011/12 Increase 11.508 million
- Interchange 1.448 million
2012/13 Increase 11.638 million
- Interchange Increase 1.534 million
History
1850
1932
Opened
Rebuilt
National RailUK railway stations
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
* Annual estimated passenger usage based on sales of tickets in stated financial year(s) which end or originate at Cardiff Central from Office of Rail Regulation statistics. Methodology may vary year on year.
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Cardiff Central railway station (Welsh: Caerdydd Canolog) is a major railway station on the South Wales Main Line in Cardiff, South Wales.

It is the largest and busiest station in Wales and one of the major stations of the British rail network, the eleventh busiest station in the United Kingdom outside of London (29th busiest overall), based on 2009/10 total entries and exits.[1]

It is located near the Millennium Stadium in the city centre and is one of 20 railway stations in the city and one of two in the city centre, the other being Cardiff Queen Street, both of which are hubs for the Valley Lines urban rail network, with several lines in Cardiff and the surrounding valleys.

Cardiff Central is a Grade II listed building managed by Arriva Trains Wales. It is an interchange between the rest of South and West Wales, and other major British cities. Arriva Trains Wales operate services to West Wales, Holyhead, Crewe and Manchester, as well as the South Wales Valley Lines. First Great Western runs intercity services to Bristol and London, and regional services to Bath, Taunton, Southampton and Portsmouth, whilst CrossCountry operates trains to Gloucester, Birmingham, Nottingham and Manchester.

History[edit]

In the early 1840s the South Wales Railway was trying to find a suitable site for a railway station, but the area that is now Cardiff Central railway station was prone to flooding. It was Isambard Kingdom Brunel's solution to divert the River Taff to the west, creating a larger and safer site for the station.[2]

The station was opened by the South Wales Railway in 1850.

Between 1932 and 1934 its successor, the Great Western Railway (GWR), replaced the station building (designed by their architects department) with an impressive new booking hall of Portland stone, with Art Deco light fittings, all topped by a clock cupola.[3] The Great Western Railway has its name carved onto the façade (larger than the name of the station). As a result of representations by the GWR, a nearby working-class district, Temperance Town, was cleared during the late 1930s in order to improve the outlook of the rebuilt station.[4]

The formerly separate Cardiff Riverside suburban station of 1893 was integrated into the main station in 1940 but its platforms ceased to be used for passenger traffic in the 1960s.[5]

Initially named Cardiff, the station was renamed Cardiff General in July 1924 and Cardiff Central in May 1973.[6][7]

The station, its entrances and platforms, are Grade II listed.[8]

Station layout[edit]

There are two entrances to the station. The northern main entrance leads to the main concourse and is on Central Square, the plaza that accommodates Cardiff Central bus station,[9] a multi-storey car park and two main city centre taxi ranks. Three main city centre landmarks are visible from here: the Millennium Stadium, Stadium House and Southgate House.[10]

The southern entrance is at the rear of the station on Tresillian Way, accessed from St. Mary Street, where the station car park is found.

The railway lines are above the station's concourses. Two subways, one each at the eastern and western side of the station, run parallel under the tracks linking the two main entrances, from which the platforms are accessed by stairs and lifts, with the exception of Platform 0 which is accessed from the main concourse near Marks and Spencer. A valid ticket is required to pass through a barrier and gain access to the platforms.

Facilities[edit]

The majority of facilities are in the main concourse, including ticket desks and machines, cash machines, an information desk, LED departures and arrivals screens, public telephones, a W H Smith branch, an Upper Crust takeaway, a sandwich bar, a Marks and Spencer Simply Food store. The station has the only First Class waiting room in Wales.[11][12] Outside, and NCP pay-and-display car park provides 248 spaces.[13]

Security[edit]

British Transport Police maintains a presence at Cardiff Central.[14] In December 2009, the force announced a three-month pilot scheme to arm officers at the station, as well as in London and Manchester, with stun guns.[15]

Platforms[edit]

Cardiff Central has seven platforms, numbered 0, 1, 2, 3a/b, 4a/b, 6 and 7. There is no longer, despite signage, a Platform 5; this was a west-facing bay platform situated between Platforms 3 and 4.[16]

Platforms 3 and 4 are divided into 'A' and 'B' sections and are capable of holding two local trains or a single HST train. Other platforms can be used by more than one train, but are not sectioned.

Platform 6 is used by Valley Lines trains to the north and east of Cardiff and to the Valleys. Every train from Platform 6 calls at Cardiff Queen Street. Valley Line trains from Cardiff Queen Street call at Platform 7 and continue to north-west Cardiff and the Vale of Glamorgan.

The normal pattern of usage is:

Cardiff Central bus station[edit]

Cardiff Central bus station is located directly opposite the front of the railway station. It is the central point for all local and national bus services in Cardiff. It contains six covered ranks on the north side for most Cardiff Bus services and other services such as EST buses. Long-distance services to the valleys and coach services such as TrawsCambria and National Express depart from rank A at the north end. Stops either side of Wood Street, which runs alongside the main terminal, are used mainly for departures to Barry, Penarth, Cardiff Bay, Caerau, Ely and Tremorfa.

Central Square[edit]

Central Square is the large public space directly outside the main entrance to the station, including Cardiff bus station.

In 2010 hotel developer Urban Solutions promised £300,000 towards improvements towards the long term regeneration of Central Square. They also agreed to fund 12 cycle stands and the OYBike hire point outside Central Station.[17]

In 2012 another proposal was unveiled by Cardiff Council to sell-off the existing bus station land for redevelopment and invest some of the money in Central Square, to be renamed 'Capital Square'. An 80 metre long fountain was envisaged by the architecture firm, Stride Treglown, along with a 'Welsh Garden' reflecting the landscape of Wales.[18]

Regeneration[edit]

In 2011 it was announced that Cardiff Central would be enhanced with a new platform ('Platform 8') and a new two-storey southern entrance and booking hall. This was part of a £200m regeneration scheme to boost train capacity in Cardiff and the surrounding areas. Work is expected to start from June 2014. The Assembly Government has committed £7m for the overall enhancements programme[19]

Gallery[edit]

Routes[edit]

Preceding station National Rail National Rail Following station
Cardiff Queen Street   Arriva Trains Wales
Coryton - Cardiff Queen Street - Radyr
  Ninian Park
Cardiff Queen Street   Arriva Trains Wales
Rhondda Line
  Terminus
Cardiff Queen Street   Arriva Trains Wales
Rhymney Line
  Grangetown
Arriva Trains Wales
Vale Line
Rogerstone   Arriva Trains Wales
Cardiff Central - Ebbw Vale Parkway
  Terminus
Newport   Arriva Trains Wales
Maesteg / Cardiff Central - Cheltenham Spa
  Pontyclun
Newport   Arriva Trains Wales
Cardiff - Holyhead via Wrexham
  Terminus
Newport   Arriva Trains Wales
Cardiff Central - Manchester Piccadilly
  Terminus
Arriva Trains Wales
South Wales Main Line
Bridgend
Newport   Arriva Trains Wales
North-South "Premier" service
  Terminus
Newport   CrossCountry
Cardiff Central-Manchester
  Terminus
CrossCountry
Cardiff Central - Nottingham
Newport   First Great Western
London Paddington - Cardiff Central
  Terminus
First Great Western
London Paddington - Swansea
Bridgend
Newport   First Great Western
Cardiff Central - Portsmouth Harbour
  Terminus
First Great Western
Cardiff Central - Taunton

Rail & sea corridor to Ireland[edit]

Some of the Arriva Trains Wales boat trains to and from Fishguard Harbour commence at Cardiff Central. These connect with the Stena Line ferry to Rosslare Harbour in Ireland with a daily morning and evening service in both directions. This route has been in existence since 1906.

Incidents[edit]

To the east of the platforms, the Valley Lines tracks rise up and cross over the South Wales Main Line using a bridge. Rail services were severely disrupted in August 2012 when the retaining wall between the tracks partially collapsed, spilling five tonnes of earth. The South Wales Main Line was swiftly reopened, but all services between Cardiff Central and Cardiff Queen Street were cancelled, with a replacement bus service operating. It is expected that repairs could take two weeks.[20][21] There were worries that the bronze medal match in the 2012 Summer Olympics men's football competition, held at the nearby Cardiff Millennium Stadium could be disrupted, but most fans were due to arrive by the main line rather than the Valley Lines.[22] There had been severe congestion at the station earlier in the month due to another Olympic match.[23]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.rail-reg.gov.uk/upload/pdf/stn_usage_report_0910.pdf
  2. ^ "Cardiff Arms Park, A short History - The Creation of the Arms Park". Cardiff Council. Archived from the original on 2012-10-15. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  3. ^ "Cardiff General Railway Station, Cardiff". Coflein. Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Wales. Retrieved 1 April 2013. 
  4. ^ Fisk, Stephen (June 2009). "Abandoned Communities - Temperance Town". Retrieved 2009-11-03. 
  5. ^ Barrie, D.S.M. (1980). South Wales. Newton Abbot: David & Charles. ISBN 0-7153-7970-4. 
  6. ^ Butt, R.J.V. (1995). The Directory of Railway Stations. Patrick Stephens Ltd. p. 53. 
  7. ^ Cardiff Timeline
  8. ^ "Cardiff Central Station, Booking Hall, Passenger Subway, Platforms 1-4, 6 & 7 and Platform Buildings". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 1 April 2013. 
  9. ^ Cardiff Central Railway Station
  10. ^ cardiff central station view - Google Maps
  11. ^ First Class - First Great Western
  12. ^ First Class Lounges at Major Train Stations | Virgin Trains
  13. ^ http://www.nationalrail.co.uk/stations_destinations/cdf.aspx
  14. ^ British Transport Police, Wales & Western Area
  15. ^ Transport police to trial tasers on trains around Cardiff - Wales Online
  16. ^ Potential reinstatement of this platform is mentioned on page 10 of Network Rail's route plan for the Valley Lines [1]
  17. ^ Abby Alford Hotel developer pledges £300k to spruce up Cardiff’s Central Square, South Wales Echo, 13 August 2010. Retrieved 15 November 2011.
  18. ^ Peter Law, "Exciting Times" for Capital, South Wales Echo, 30 January 2012, pp. 4/5.
  19. ^ Peter Law, "Cardiff rail stations set for revamp", South Wales Echo, 9 February 2011.
  20. ^ "Cardiff rail disruption 'to continue' after wall breaks". BBC News (BBC). 11 August 2012. Retrieved 11 August 2012. 
  21. ^ "Cardiff rail services disruption after wall collapse". BBC News (BBC). 10 August 2012. Retrieved 11 August 2012. 
  22. ^ "Cardiff wall collapse causes rail delays". BBC News (BBC). 10 August 2012. Retrieved 11 August 2012. 
  23. ^ "Olympic football: Team GB Cardiff quarter-final attracts thousands". BBC News (BBC). 5 August 2012. Retrieved 11 August 2012. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Cardiff Central railway station at Wikimedia Commons