Cardinal electors for the papal conclaves, August and October 1978

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Location of Cardinal Electors
Country Number of Electors
Italy 26 (Aug), 25 (Oct)
United States of America 8 (Aug), 9 (Oct)
France 7
Brazil 6
Germany 5
Spain 4
Argentina, Canada 3
Algeria, Australia, Austria, Belgium, India, Netherlands, Philippines, Poland 2
Benin, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Czechoslovakia, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, England and Wales, Guatemala, Hungary, Indonesia, Kenya, Madagascar, Mexico, New Zealand, Nigeria, Pakistan, Peru, Puerto Rico, Portugal, Scotland, Senegal, South Africa, South Korea, Sri Lanka, Tanzania, Uganda, Upper Volta, Venezuela, Western Samoa, Yugoslavia, Zaire 1

The following were the cardinal electors in the papal conclaves of August and October 1978. Arranged by region (not by the linguistic groups commonly used in universal church senacles), and within each alphabetically (not the official order of precedence, which is not relevant to conclave procedure except for taking the oath).

Because there was such a brief period between the two conclaves, the lists of electors are nearly identical and thus they are presented in the same article. However, the following notes have to be made. There were 114 electors at the time of the August conclave, but only 111 of them actually participated; due to ill health, Valerian Gracias, John Joseph Wright, and Bolesław Filipiak did not attend. Wright, however, did participate in the October conclave. Gracias and Filipiak, who had been too sick in August like Wright, again did not participate in October; Gracias died during Pope John Paul I’s pontificate and Filipiak died on the opening day of the October conclave. As Albino Luciani had been elected pope at the August conclave and subsequently died, the October conclave was also attended by 111 electors.

There were fifteen cardinals who had lost the right to participate in both conclaves for having reached age eighty.

As of March 5, 2014 Paulo Evaristo Arns, William Baum and Joseph Ratzinger are the only three living Cardinal electors from this period.

Roman Curia[edit]

  1. Corrado Bafile, Prefect of Causes for Saints
  2. Sebastiano Baggio, Prefect of Bishops
  3. Paolo Bertoli, Prefect Emeritus of Causes of Saints
  4. Mario Luigi Ciappi, OP, Pro-theologian of the Papal Household
  5. Francesco Carpino, Referendary for Bishops
  6. Pericle Felici, Prefect of Apostolic Signatura
  7. Bernardin Gantin, President of Justice and Peace
  8. Gabriel-Marie Garrone, Prefect of Catholic Education
  9. Sergio Guerri, Pro-president of Pontifical Commission for Vatican City State
  10. James Knox, Prefect of Sacraments and Divine Worship
  11. Mario Nasalli Rocca di Corneliano, Prefect of Apostolic Camera
  12. Giuseppe Paupini, Major Penitentiary
  13. Paul-Pierre Philippe, OP, Prefect of Oriental Churches
  14. Sergio Pignedoli, President of Non-Christians
  15. Eduardo Francisco Pironio, Prefect of Religious and Secular Institutes
  16. Agnelo Rossi, Prefect of Evangelization of Peoples
  17. Opilio Rossi, President of Laity, President of Family
  18. Antonio Samoré, Librarian of Vatican Library, Archivist of Vatican Secret Archives
  19. Joseph Schröffer, Secretary of Seminaries and Universities
  20. Franjo Šeper, Prefect of Doctrine of the Faith
  21. Egidio Vagnozzi, President of Economic Affairs of the Holy See
  22. Jean-Marie Villot, Camerlengo, Cardinal Secretary of State, President of Pontifical Commission for Vatican City State, President of Administration of the Patrimony of the Apostolic See
  23. John Joseph Wright, Prefect of Clergy (absent in August)

Europe[edit]

Italy[edit]

  1. Giovanni Benelli, Archbishop of Florence
  2. Giovanni Colombo, Archbishop of Milan
  3. Ermenegildo Florit, Archbishop Emeritus of Florence
  4. Albino Luciani, Patriarch of Venice (was elected Pope and chose the name John Paul I) (August)
  5. Umberto Mozzoni, President of Pontifical Shrines of Pompei and Loreto
  6. Silvio Oddi, President Emeritus of Pontifical Shrines of Pompei and Loreto
  7. Pietro Palazzini, Secretary of Pontifical Shrines of Pompei and Loreto
  8. Salvatore Pappalardo, Archbishop of Palermo
  9. Michele Pellegrino, Archbishop Emeritus of Turin
  10. Ugo Poletti, Vicar General of Rome
  11. Antonio Poma, Archbishop of Bologna
  12. Giuseppe Sensi, retired diplomat of the Holy See
  13. Giuseppe Siri, Archbishop of Genoa-Bobbio
  14. Corrado Ursi, Archbishop of Naples

France[edit]

  1. Paul Gouyon, Archbishop of Rennes
  2. Louis-Jean Guyot, Archbishop of Toulouse
  3. François Marty, Archbishop of Paris
  4. Alexandre-Charles Renard, Archbishop of Lyon

Germany[edit]

  1. Alfred Bengsch, Archbishop-Bishop of Berlin
  2. Joseph Höffner, Archbishop of Cologne
  3. Joseph Ratzinger, Archbishop of Munich and Freising (elected pope Benedict XVI in 2005)
  4. Hermann Volk, Bishop of Mainz

Spain[edit]

  1. José Bueno y Monreal, Archbishop of Seville
  2. Vicente Enrique y Tarancón, Archbishop of Madrid
  3. Marcelo González Martín, Archbishop of Toledo
  4. Narciso Jubany Arnau, Archbishop of Barcelona

Belgium[edit]

  1. Maximilien de Furstenberg, Prefect Emeritus of Oriental Churches
  2. Leo Joseph Suenens, Archbishop of Brussels-Mechelen

Netherlands[edit]

  1. Bernardus Johannes Alfrink, Archbishop Emeritus of Utrecht
  2. Johannes Willebrands, Archbishop of Utrecht, President of Christian Unity

Poland[edit]

  1. Stefan Wyszyński, Archbishop of Warsaw and Gniezno
  2. Karol Wojtyła, Archbishop of Kraków (was elected Pope and chose the name John Paul II) (October)

Austria[edit]

  1. Franz König, Archbishop of Vienna, President of Non-Believers

Czechoslovakia[edit]

  1. František Tomášek, Archbishop of Prague

England and Wales[edit]

  1. Basil Hume, OSB, Archbishop of Westminster

Hungary[edit]

  1. László Lékai, Archbishop of Esztergom

Scotland[edit]

  1. Gordon Gray, Archbishop of St Andrews and Edinburgh

Portugal[edit]

  1. António Ribeiro, Patriarch of Lisbon

North America[edit]

United States[edit]

  1. William Wakefield Baum, Archbishop of Washington
  2. John Carberry, Archbishop of St. Louis
  3. John Cody, Archbishop of Chicago
  4. Terence Cooke, Archbishop of New York
  5. John Dearden, Archbishop of Detroit
  6. John Krol, Archbishop of Philadelphia
  7. Timothy Manning, Archbishop of Los Angeles
  8. Humberto Sousa Medeiros, Archbishop of Boston

Canada[edit]

  1. George Flahiff, CSB, Archbishop of Winnipeg
  2. Paul-Émile Léger, PSS, Archbishop Emeritus of Montréal
  3. Maurice Roy, Archbishop of Québec

Mexico[edit]

  1. José Salazar López, Archbishop of Guadalajara

South America[edit]

Bolivia[edit]

  1. José Maurer, CSSR, Archbishop of Sucre

Brazil[edit]

  1. Eugênio de Araújo Sales, Archbishop of São Sebastião de Rio de Janeiro
  2. Paulo Evaristo Arns, OFM, Archbishop of São Paulo
  3. Avelar Brandão Vilela, Archbishop of São Salvador da Bahia
  4. Aloísio Lorscheider, OFM, Archbishop of Fortaleza
  5. Alfredo Scherer, Archbishop of Porto Alegre

Argentina[edit]

  1. Juan Carlos Aramburu, Archbishop of Buenos Aires
  2. Raúl Francisco Primatesta, Archbishop of Córdoba

Chile[edit]

  1. Raúl Silva Henríquez, SDB, Archbishop of Santiago

Colombia[edit]

  1. Anibal Muñoz Duque, Archbishop of Bogotá

Ecuador[edit]

  1. Pablo Muñoz Vega, SJ, Archbishop of Qutio

Peru[edit]

  1. Juan Landázuri Ricketts, OFM, Archbishop of Lima

Venezuela[edit]

  1. José Quintero Parra, Archbishop of Caracas

Central America[edit]

Dominican Republic[edit]

  1. Octavio Beras Rojas, Archbishop of Santo Domingo

Guatemala[edit]

  1. Mario Casariego y Acevedo, CRS, Archbishop of Guatemala

Puerto Rico[edit]

  1. Luis Aponte Martínez, Archbishop of San Juan

Asia[edit]

India[edit]

  1. Mar Joseph Parecattil, Archbishop of Ernakulam of the Syro-Malabars
  2. Lawrence Picachy, SJ, Archbishop of Calcutta

Philippines[edit]

  1. Julio Rosales y Ras, Archbishop of Cebú
  2. Jaime Sin, Archbishop of Manila

Indonesia[edit]

  1. Justinus Darmojuwono, Archbishop of Semarang

Pakistan[edit]

  1. Joseph Cordeiro, Archbishop of Karachi

South Korea[edit]

  1. Stephen Kim Sou-hwan, Archbishop of Seoul

Sri Lanka[edit]

  1. Thomas Cooray, OMI, Archbishop of Colombo

Vietnam[edit]

  1. Joseph Trinh-nhu-Khuê, Archbishop of Hanoi

Africa[edit]

Algeria[edit]

  1. Léon-Etienne Duval, Archbishop of Algiers

Egypt[edit]

  1. Stéphanos I Sidarouss, CM, Patriarch of Alexandria of the Copts

Kenya[edit]

  1. Maurice Otunga, Archbishop of Nairobi

Madagascar[edit]

  1. Victor Razafimahatratra, SJ, Archbishop of Tananarive

Nigeria[edit]

  1. Dominic Ekandem, Bishop of Ikot Ekpene

Senegal[edit]

  1. Hyacinthe Thiandoum, Archbishop of Dakar

South Africa[edit]

  1. Owen McCann, Archbishop of Cape Town

Tanzania[edit]

  1. Laurean Rugambwa, Archbishop of Dar es Salaam

Uganda[edit]

  1. Emmanuel Nsubuga, Archbishop of Kampala

Upper Volta[edit]

  1. Paul Zoungrana, MAfr, Archbishop of Ouagadougou

Zaire[edit]

  1. Joseph Malula, Archbishop of Kinshasa

Oceania[edit]

Australia[edit]

  1. James Freeman, Archbishop of Sydney

New Zealand[edit]

  1. Reginald Delargey, Archbishop of Wellington

Western Samoa[edit]

  1. Pio Taofinu'u, SM, Bishop of Samoa and Tokelau

References[edit]