Cardowan shown within North Lanarkshire
|OS grid reference|
|Council area||North Lanarkshire|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|UK Parliament||Coatbridge, Chryston and Bellshill|
|Scottish Parliament||Coatbridge and Chryston|
Cardowan is a small town in North Lanarkshire, Scotland, now a suburb of Glasgow, situated on the north-eastern outskirts of Glasgow, to the south of Stepps. The oldest documented reference to Cardowan comes from The Charters of <<David I of Scotland>> regarding the lands around Cardowan, Easter Cardowan, and Cardowan Muir which approximate the current Forestry Commission Cardowan Moss lands, and the current location of Cardowan.
Cardowan which grew around Cardowan Colliery, Garnkirk Fire-clay works, and clay mines in the immediate area. Cardowan's location proximity to Glasgow has been key to its expansion over the years, which has seen the former colliery site being transformed into a large scale residential development.
The fastest method of public transport to Glasgow or Cumbernauld is by train from Stepps station. A bus service operates from Cumbernauld Road which also connects the above destinations. By road, there are an excellent choice of routes; to Glasgow or Edinburgh via the M80 and the M8. The M80 to Cumbernauld and Stirling also provides access to the M73, leading to the M74 southbound to Hamilton, Carlisle and onto the M6 (to England).
The oldest surviving buildings in the area are St. Joseph's RC Church, the original St. Joseph's School, Craigendmuir House, as well as older structures in adjacent Stepps. Excluding Cardowan Drive and the northern end of Cardowan Road which are often regarded as being part of Stepps, the earliest housing in the area which is still existing was built in the late 1930s to early 40s and served to replace housing in the (now extinct) nearby villages of Garnkirk and Heathfield.
The streets of Cardowan Road, Clayhouse Road, and Frankfield Road were constructed first, with the easternmost end of the latter being renamed Ardtoe Crescent and Place and Dorlin Road
a short time later.
Thereafter further housing was built in the 1950s creating the streets of Craigendmuir Road, Comedie Road and an extension to Clayhouse Road. Following this in the 1960s, Drimnin Road, and Mossview Road (inc Resipol Road and Gaskin Path) were completed. Due to the shortages of building materials during the second World War the last five blocks on Frankfield Road were built with flat roofs which were only replaced in the 1980s. The 1980s also brought the construction of Blaneview and further housing on Clayhouse Road, and in the 1990s Nicholson Court was built on the site of the original Stepps railway station and sidings.
The mine at Cardowan was the site of several accidents including the explosion of 1927 in which on 1 August at 3:50pm 3 men were killed. (John Kilpatrick, Maurice M'Bride, George Jackson) A further explosion occurred in 1932 on November 16 in which 11 men were killed. (William Bradley, Michael Flynn, Peter Frati(formerly Jacobelli), William McAlister, John McNab, James McVey, Richard Maroney, George Mullen, James Reynolds, John Watt, John Whiteford) Then again in Jan 1982 there was another explosion at some 1700 feet underground and 2 miles from the pithead, resulting in 41 injuries. The mine finally closed at the end of 1983.
|North: Stepps, Lenzie|
|West: Millerston, Glasgow||Cardowan||East: Chryston, Cumbernauld|