Career development

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Career Development is the lifelong process of managing, learning, work, leisure, and transitions in order to move toward a personally determined and evolving preferred future.

In educational development, carrier development provides a very great role towards personal development as it provides a person with a ground of opting or choosing a carrier or subject(s) to undertake in the future. It has been witnessed to most of the secondary school students fail to choice which subjects should they opt to drop or continue with and not only secondary students even the form four and six graduates fail to opt for courses in colleges and universities because they lack exposure on what they intend to undertake(http://taheso.org/education.php)

It is very common that is to many hoes in the world here in Tanzania to hear some people saying "It just happened for me to be a teacher, I hate teaching I'm doing this just because I have got no alternative job"(http://taheso.org/education.php)


In organizational development (or OD), the study of career development looks at:

  • how individuals manage their careers within and between organizations and,
  • how organizations structure the career progress of their members, it can also be tied into succession planning within most of the organizations.

In personal development, career development is:

  • " ... the total constellation of psychological, sociological, educational, physical, economic, and chance factors that combine to influence the nature and significance of work in the total lifespan of any given individual." [1]
  • The evolution or development of a career - informed by (1) Experience within a specific field of interest (with career, job, or task specific skills as by-product) (2) Success at each stage of development, (3) educational attainment commensurate with each incremental stage, (4) Communications (the capacity to analytically reflect your suitability for a given job via cover letter, resume, and/or the interview process), and (5) understanding of career development as a navigable process. (Angelo J. Rivera)
  • "... the lifelong psychological and behavioral processes as well as contextual influences shaping one’s career over the life span. As such, career development involves the person’s creation of a career pattern, decision-making style, integration of life roles, values expression, and life-role self concepts." [2]

Figures in career development

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Career Development: A Policy Statement of the National Career Development Association Board of Directors (Adopted March 16, 1993; revised 2003) PDF HTML
  2. ^ Herr, E.L., & Cramer, S. H. (1996). Career guidance and counseling through the lifespan: Systematic approaches. New York: HarperCollins) (Niles, S. G. & Harris-Bowlsbey, J (2002) Career Development Interventions in the 21st Century. Columbus, OH: Merrill Prentice Hall., p7
  3. ^ Pope, M. (2009). Jesse Buttrick Davis (1871-1955): Pioneer of vocational guidance in the schools. Career Development Quarterly, 57, 278-288.

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