Carei

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Carei
Nagykároly
Municipality
The Károlyi castle in Carei
The Károlyi castle in Carei
Flag of Carei
Flag
Coat of arms of Carei
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): Town of the Károlyis
Carei is located in Romania
Carei
Carei
Location of Carei
Coordinates: 47°41′2.28″N 22°28′0.73″E / 47.6839667°N 22.4668694°E / 47.6839667; 22.4668694Coordinates: 47°41′2.28″N 22°28′0.73″E / 47.6839667°N 22.4668694°E / 47.6839667; 22.4668694
Country  Romania
County Satu Mare County
Historical region Crișana
Status Municipality
Settled 1264
Incorporated 1717
Government
 • Mayor Jenő Kovács (Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania)
Area
 • Total 102 km2 (39 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 20,181 2,011 census data
Demonym careiancareiancă (ro); nagykárolyi, károlyi (hu)
Population by Ethnicity
 • Hungarians 54.8%
 • Romanians 40.1%
 • Germans 2.4%
 • Roma 2.3%
 • Others 0.2%
Population by Religion
 • Roman Catholics 37.5%
 • Romanian Orthodox 33.3%
 • Reformed 20.6%
 • Greek Catholics 6.2%
 • Other or none

2.4%

website=http://www.primariacarei.ro/
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)

Carei (Romanian pronunciation: [kaˈrej]; German: Grosskarol/Großkarl; Hungarian: Nagykároly, Hungarian pronunciation: [ˈnɒɟkaːroj]; Yiddish: קראלי (Krole or Kruli)) is a city in Satu Mare County, northwestern Romania, near the border with Hungary. According to the 2011 census it has 20,181 inhabintants: 55% Hungarians, 40% Romanians, 2.5% Romani, and 2.5% Germans.

Name[edit]

The city was named after an old noble family, the Károlyi. Carei administers one village, Ianculeşti (Hungarian: Szentjánosmajor). The neighbouring communities are Hungarian-speaking villages of German origin,[citation needed] such as Căpleni, Urziceni, Foieni, Sanislău, Petreşti, Tiream, Căuaș and Moftin.

History[edit]

Kingdom of Hungary stamp, cancelled NAGY-KÁROLY in 1889

The town was called after the Karolyi counts. In 1262, in a document, Karul appears as a name of a person, but the etymology of the word can be traced back in the name of a bird Karul-Karvaly, taken from the ancient Turkish language. The bird that can be found on the coat of arms of the Karolyi family. King Louis I of Hungary permitted the organization of weekly market gatherings in Carei in 1346, as a result of the military achievements of the Károlyi family.[1] The development of the trade in the region stimulated the wealth and expansion of the town. In the 14 century, the locality was a small settlement with a few streets built around the domain of the noble Károlyi. Wars, plague and famine during the Middle Ages decimated the population and the Károlyi family took steps toward bringing Swabians on their lands. During the 16-17th centuries, Carei is often devastated by wars. The town and the surroundings villages suffered the greatest losses during the anti-Habsburg riot, led by Francis II Rákoczi. The first group of colonists came in 1712, opening a century-long period of gradual colonization with Swabians, Slovaks, and Jews. Between 1712-1774,466 Swabian families are settled down in Carei, forming two districts in town. Effects on cultural and social life began to show: in 1727 the Piarist Gymnasium was established, in 1754 the first typography was built, and in 1756 a drugstore was opened. The town's urban shape is outlined after the great fire that occurred on the th of May 1887, when 250 houses were burnt down. The rebuilding of the houses and the organizing of the streets are done according to the town planning regulations adopted by the Town's Council. The light industry began to bloom in the town starting with the 19th century, when the first public institutions[which?]were also created. In 1887 the Zalau-Carei railway was built and in 1905 the one between Carei and Mateszalka was restored for transportation purposes. After the collapse of Austria-Hungary at the end of World War I, Carei was part of the territory ceded to Romania in 1920 under the terms of the Treaty of Trianon. Between 1938–1940, under the auspices of the Third Reich, Hungary retook this territory from Romania. After World War II, however, it was taken back from Hungarian and German troops by Romanian and Soviet forces on 25 October 1944. Although between 1760-1920 the town is the capital of the Szatmar county, the industrial development is not significant and it basically preserves its agricultural specific until about 1960. In 1926 it was attached to Sălaj county. After 1945, Carei its included in the Baia Mare district, and after 1968, along with the administratie-territorial reorganization of the country, it returns to Satu Mare county. Until World War II, the industry of the town consisted of mills, the Oil Factory Ardealul, a station for collecting and fermenting tobacco and some small workshops. During the communist period, Carei gradually turns into an industrial town.

Tourism[edit]

The most important historical building in the city is the Károlyi castle. Built originally as a fortress around the 14th century, it was converted to a castle in 1794, undergoing further transformations during the 19th century. The manor is surrounded by a dendrological park covering a surface of about 30 acres (12 ha) and containing a great variety of species of trees and plants.

Natives[edit]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns – Sister cities[edit]

Carei is twinned with:

Climate[edit]

Carei has a continental climate, characterized by hot dry summers and cold winters. As the city is in the far north of the country, winter is colder than the national average. The average annual temperature is 9.6 °C (49 °F).[4]

Climate data for Satu Mare
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 1
(34)
3
(37)
10
(50)
15
(59)
20
(68)
22
(72)
25
(77)
25
(77)
21
(70)
15
(59)
7
(45)
2
(36)
13
(55)
Average low °C (°F) −5
(23)
−3
(27)
1
(34)
5
(41)
9
(48)
12
(54)
13
(55)
13
(55)
10
(50)
5
(41)
0
(32)
−2
(28)
5
(41)
Precipitation cm (inches) 2
(0.8)
2
(0.8)
2
(0.8)
4
(1.6)
7
(2.8)
8
(3.1)
8
(3.1)
7
(2.8)
4
(1.6)
4
(1.6)
3
(1.2)
2
(0.8)
59
(23.2)
Source: weatherbase.com[5]

Gallery[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop.   ±%  
1910 16,078 —    
1930 16,042 −0.2%
1948 15,425 −3.8%
1956 16,780 +8.8%
1966 19,686 +17.3%
1977 24,050 +22.2%
1992 26,372 +9.7%
2002 25,590 −3.0%
2011 20,181 −21.1%
Source: Census data

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ujfalussy Amadil: Nagykároly
  2. ^ "Partnerstwo Samorządów Siłą Europy". Europa Miast (in Polish). Retrieved 2013-08-13. 
  3. ^ "Dębica -Miasta Partnerskie" [Dębica – Parnership Cities]. Rząd Miejski w Dębicy – Współpraca – Europa Miast [Dębica town council in cooperation with Europa Miast] (in Polish). Archived from the original on 11 October 2011. Retrieved 2013-08-13. 
  4. ^ "Geografie" (in Romanian). www.satu-mare.ro. Retrieved 2009-06-22. 
  5. ^ "Weatherbase data for Satu Mare". Retrieved 2009-06-22. 

External links[edit]