Carelessness refers to the lack of awareness during a behavior that results in the unintentional production of alternate consequences. The consequences of carelessness are often undesirable and tend to be mistakes. A lack of concern or an indifference for the consequences of the action due to inattention may contribute to the origin of carelessness.
Carelessness has been hypothesized to be one possible cause of accident-proneness.
Associated areas of concern
In any education environment, careless mistakes are those errors that occur in areas within which the student has had training. Careless mistakes are common occurrences for students both within and outside of the learning environment. They are often associated with a lapse in judgment or what are known as mind slips because the students had know-how to have avoided making the mistakes, but did not for undeterminable reasons. Given that students that are competent of the subject and focused are most likely to make careless mistakes, concerns for students exhibiting careless mistakes often turn toward neurological disorders as the cause.
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neuropsychiatric disorder that is known to impact performance in school due to the culmination of its symptoms of exhibiting abnormalities in their levels of attention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity. The concern regarding students making careless mistakes in school being driven in the direction of ADHD, without any other logical explanation, is not entirely invalid. In addition, making careless mistakes is a symptom of ADHD that is commonly studied. Although largely studied for its prevalence in children and adolescents, there is still limited knowledge about the origin of the disorder.
Research and data collection
Data is information or evidence that is gathered from an environment or sample to be processed and interpreted to find and provide results for a particular study. Research data has an important role in the field of psychology, providing insight to be analyzed, shared, and stored for future reference.
Particularly, Survey data collection, refers to the gathering of information from subjects in a sample by empirical research methods in order to attain a comprehensive examination of a situation or specific study from the individuals. The validity of the a responses of the subjects in the sample is important, as they provide the basis for which a conclusion can be drawn in that study.
In survey data, careless responses are those that are defined to have not been entirely authentic or to be lacking in relevance to the topic being examined in the study. Also referred to as random response, this is an area of concern in research studies and data collection due to the possible impacts that error data could have on the significance conclusion to be drawn later. Attention and interest are both factors that have a possible influence on the validity of an individual's responses. Careless data can lead to lower reliability which will ultimately decrease the intensity of correlation, if one exists. A method known as data screening is recommended as a means of discerning between response data that is valid and that which is careless.
- San Pedro, Maria Ofelia Clarissa Z.; Ryan S. J. D., Baker; Ma. Mercedes T., Rodrigo (2011), "Detecting Carelessness through Contextual Estimation of Slip Probabilities among Students Using an Intelligent Tutor for Mathematics", Artificial Intelligence in Education 6738, Berlin: Springer, pp. 304–311, ISBN 978-3-642-21868-2
- White, Alan R. (September 1961). "Carelessness, Indifference and Recklessness". The Modern Law Review 24 (5): 592–595. doi:10.1111/j.1468-2230.1961.tb02189.x.
- San Pedro, Maria Ofelia Clarissa Z.; Ryan S. J. D., Baker; Ma. Mercedes T., Rodrigo (2011), "The Relationship between Carelessness and Affect in a Cognitive Tutor", Affective Computing and Intelligent Interaction, Lecture Notes in Computer Science 6974, Berlin: Springer, pp. 306–315, ISBN 978-3-642-24599-2
- DuPaul, George J. (1991). "Parent and Teacher Ratings of ADHD Symptoms: Psychometric Properties in a Community-Based Sample". Journal of Clinical Child Psychology 20 (3): 245–253. doi:10.1207/s15374424jccp2003_3.
- Willcutt, Erik G. (2012). "The Prevalence of DSM-IV Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: A Meta-Analytic Review". Neurotherapeutics 9 (3): 490–499. doi:10.1007/s13311-012-0135-8. PMC 3441936. PMID 22976615.
- Breckler, Steven J.. "Dealing with data". Monitor on Psychology. APA. Retrieved 7 April 2014.
- Groves, R.M.; Fowler, F.J.; Couper, M.P.; Lepowski, J.M.; Singer, E.; Tourangeau, R. (2009). Survey Methodology (2 ed.). Hoboken: Wiley. ISBN 9781118627327.
- "Identifying Careless Responses in Survey Data" (PDF). NCSU. Retrieved 27 March 2014.